Gazetteer of the State of Maine, 1882 page 165
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Gazetteer of the State of Maine With Numerous Illustrations, by Geo. J. Varney

BOSTON: PUBLISHED BY B. B. RUSSELL, 57 CORNHILL. 1882. Public domain image from

Perkins, of Farmington, became the proprietor of tbe unsold land. The
first settlers were William Bowley and a Mr. Winter, the former of
whom built what are called “Bowley’s Mills” on Webb’s River. The
town was lotted by Samuel Adams in 1803. There are two post-offices,
South Carthage and Berry’s Mills. There are Baptist and Free
Baptist societies in the town. Carthage has six public schoolhouses,
valued with other school property, at $2,000. The valuation of estates
in 1870 was $96,070. In 1880 it was $107,823. The population in 1870
was 486. In 1880 it was 507.

Car y, a post-office in Aroostook County.

CaSCO, in Cumberland County, lies between Thompson’s Pond,
and the northern side of Lake Sebago. Raymond lies on the east, and
Naples and Otisfield on the west. Crooked and Songo rivers separate
it from Naples; Thomas Pond lies on the south-eastern line adjoining
Raymond; and across the northern part of the town is a semicircle
of small ponds. The first on the western side is Pleasant Pond, which
is partly in Otisfield. To this succeeds Owl, Parkers, Coffee, Dumplin,
Edwards and other ponds, while Thompson’s Pond covers about one
third of the northern line. Crooked and Casco rivers, and the outlet
of most of the ponds furnish small powers. The total number of
powers in town is twenty-one, of which nearly all are improved. The
manufactures are house-lumber, boxes, shooks, axe-handles, spokes,
staves, meal, flour, clothing and carriages. The surface of the town is
uneven, and the soil is hard and rocky, but moderately productive.
Quito Hill—about 500 feet in height—is the principal elevation. The
business centres are Casco Village and Webb’s Mills. Casco is 30
miles north-west of Portland. It is on Davis stage-line from Oxford,
on Grand Trunk Railway, to Naples. Casco was formely a part of
Raymond, from which it was taken and incorporated in 1841. It is
one of the smallest towns of the county, containing but little above
three square miles.

There are societies of the Congregationalists, Gen. Prov., Baptists,
and Free Baptists in this town. Casco has eight public schoolhouses,
valued at $3,000. The valuation of estates in 1870 was $241,486.
The population at tbe same date was 998. In 1880 it was 908, having
lost 90 of its inhabitants during the last ten years.

CaSCO Bay for description, see article on Cumberland

Castine occupies a peninsula in the south-wmstern portion of
Hancock County, overlooking the eastern entrance of Penobscot River.
The town of Penobscot bounds it on the north-east, and Castine
Harbor separates it from Brooksville on the south and south-east. On
the west is Penobscot Bay. Castine is 30 miles from Ellsworth, 184
miles from the railroad station at Bucksport, and 36 miles from Bangor.
The Boston steamers run regularly to this port through the year,
rarely missing a trip. The foundation rocks are slate, trap, mica schist,
gneiss and granite. The soil is a sandy loam. The principal crops
are hay and potatoes.


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