Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire, 1875 page 92
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The Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire, Seventh
Edition, Compiled by Alonzo J. Fogg. Concord, N.H.:    D.L.

area is covered by a heavy growth
of timber, consisting of the various
kinds of hard wood, hemlock,
spruce, and some pine. Much of
the soft wood is being cut and
floated down the Saco River, while
the heavy growth of hard wood,
at some day not far distant, will
yield a rich reward to some of the
enterprising men of the State, who
always look at the main chance.
The soil on the streams and upland
is strong and productive. Apples
are successfully grown in this
town, and several other kinds of
fruit. There are some very fine
farms under a high state of culti-

Mountains. Carter’s Mountain
rises so high between this town
and Jackson as to prevent the
opening of a highway, and the
people of the respective towns, in
their intercourse, are obliged to
pass through a portion of Maine.
Kiarsarge, in the south-west cor-
ner of the town, has an altitude of

3,400 feet. Upon the summit of
this mountain is a commodious
house for the accommodation of
visitors. The views from this
mountain are grand and very ex-
tensive. In the north-west corner
is Baldface Mountain, 3,600 feet
high. Teams can be driven nearly
to its summit. From the crest of
this mountain the Tip-Top House
on Mount Washington can be
seen, also the ocean.

Ponds and Streams. There are
several ponds in town, the princi-
pal of wrhich is Mountain Pond,
with an area of about one hundred
acres, high among the mountains,
entirely surrounded by the prime-
val forest. Trout have been taken
from this pond weighing six

There are several considerable
streams, well stored with trout,
and affording abundant water

Employment. Agriculture and
lumbering are the principal occu-
pations of the inhabitants. There
is a clothes-pin manufactory which
has just commenced business on
an extensive scale.

Resources. Agricultural pro-
ductions, $65,661; money at inter-
est, $1,300; mechanical labor,

Churches and Schools. Congre-
gational, Rev. E. B. Pike, pastor;
Methodist, Eliphalet Weeks, min-
ister. There are six schools in
town. Average length of schools
for the year, fourteen weeks.

First Settlers. Chatham was
granted to Peter Livins and
others, February 7, 1767.

Boundaries. North by White
Mountains, east by Maine, south
by Conway, and west by Bartlett
and Jackson. Area, 26,000 acres;
improved land, 3,848 acres.

Distances. Ninety-two miles
north-east from Concord, and forty
north from Ossipee.

Railroads. Twelve miles by
daily mail to Fryeburg, in Maine,
on the Portland and Ogdensburg


Rockingham County. Chester
formerly included the present town
of Auburn which was set off in
1845. The soil of the larger por-
tion of this town is excellent, and
some of the large ridges are sur-
passed in fertility by but few in the
State. There are also some very
valuable meadows. There are
many fine farms under high culti-


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