Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 146
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146    -    NEW    YORK    STATE    GAZETTEER.

Tlie American Home Missionary Society was formed May 12,1826, for the pur¬
pose of supporting the ministry in feeble and destitute Presb. and Cong, churches in the U. S.1

Tlie American Sunday School Union was formed in 1824, for the purpose of en¬
couraging the establishment of Sunday schools and of supplying them with books. Its central
office is at Philadelphia. The New York Sunday School Union, auxiliary to this, was established
in 1816, and has numerous local subordinate societies in different parts, of the State.2

The American Seamen’s Friend Society was formed in 1828, and endeavors to
carry out the intentions expressed in its title by distributing Bibles and tracts, supporting the
ministry, find otherwise promoting the moral welfare of seamen.3

Tlie American Bethel Society was instituted in 1836, for the purpose of opening
chapels for boatmen and mariners, distributing tracts, and extending other means for their moral
improvement. It established a magazine named the ‘1 Bethel Flag;” and^has auxiliaries in man^
places on the lakes, rivers, and canals.

The American and Foreign-Christian/Union was formed in 1849, for the special
object of counteracting the influence of the Romish and other churches opposed to the class usually

The Central. American Education Society was formed for the purpose of
assisting young men preparing for the ministry. In 1858 the society aided 111 students.
The American Colonization Society was formed at Washington, Jan. 1817, for
the colonization of free colored persons in Africa. The New Yorli State Colonization
Society was formed at Albany, April 9, 1829, and has had numerous auxiliaries in the State.5

The National Compensating Emancipation Society, formed in 1857, has for
its object the purchasing of slaves for the purpose of giving them freedom.

The. American Anti Slavery Society was organized Dec. 4,1833,®

The American Missionary Association was formed Sept. 1846, as a Home and
Foreign Missionary Society. Business office in N. Y. City. Receipts for first 12 years of its exist¬
ence, $421,001.98. Present monthly income, $3,000 to $,5,000. It has a slaves’ Bible Fund,
and labors for the extinction of slavery. The association publish The American Missionary (paper)
and American Missionary Magazine, both -monthly. -

Young Men’s Christian Associations have been formed in most of the cities and

6 seminaries, 17 other boarding schools, 619 free schools, (of
which 312 were supported by the Hawaiian Government,) and
17,020 pupils. The receipts in the year ending July 31,1858,
were $334,018.48, the principal part of which was' derived from
Forty-Ninth Report A. B. O. F. M., 1858.

1 This society was formed by the union of two societies pre¬
viously formed by the Presbyterian and Reformed Protestant
Dutch Churches. It is supported by the Congregationalists and
New School Presbyterians, and to some extent by the Reformed
Protestant Dutch, Lutheran, and German Reformed Churches.
In 1858,1,012 persons were connected with this society or its
agencies and auxiliaries, of which 133 are within this State.
The number of congregations and stations fully or statedly sup-

lied is 2,034; Sabbath school scholars, 65,500; contributions to

enevolent objects, $24,272.28. The receipts in 12 months were
$175,971.37; the payments in the same time were $190,735.70.
Total receipts in 32 years, $3,456,082; total years of labor,
18,871; total additions to churches, 150,275.

There are a central and a western agency in this State,—the
office of the former of which is at Utica and of the latter at
Geneva. The number of missionaries aided within the year was
133. Total contributions, $39,347.96.

2 This movement was supported by most of the evangelical
denominations; but several of them have since established Sun¬
day school organizations among themselves. The American
Sunday School Union had, in 1858, expended about $2,500,000 in
books, and $1,000,000 more in organizing Sunday schools. Its
receipts for the last year were $65,076.14; and it had formed
1,524 new schools, with 57,787 pupils and 9,694 teachers. The
New York Sunday School Union had, in 1858, 210 schools, re¬
porting 60,000 pupils, 4,825 teachers, 82,294 books in libraries,
and$13,089 raised by contributions. Sunday schools in some form
are supported by nearly every religious denomination, and are
chiefly for Biblical instruction. A State Sunday School Teachers’
Convention, formed in 1855, meets annually. Its third report,
made Oct. 1858, gave a total in the State of l,895®Bchools, 22,263
officers and teachers, and 212,312 pupils.

3 This society has 15 stations in various parts of the world,
and grants aid to various Bethel operations not connected with
it. The receipts for the year ending in 1858 were $25,236.20;
and the total expenses in the seamen’s cause about $100,000;
2.257 mariners had been received at the Sailors’ Home in New
York, and the whole number received into that institution from
fts establishment was 52,353.

4 The association has 61 home laborers; and its receipts in the
year ending in 1858 were $76,603.22. Its expenses in the same
time were $79,604.33. It has agents, and supports chapels in
several foreign countries.

6 The slave trade was abolished in 1807, and after Jan. 1,
1808, the cargoes of captured slaves were to be sold for the bene¬
fit of the State where they might land. By an act of March
3,1819, the General Government appropriated $109,000 for the
restoration of a large number of Africans to their native coun¬
try. By the co-operation of the Government with this Society
a purchase was made in Dec. 1821, in the neighborhood of Cape
Mensurado, on the w. coast of Africa, from which has grown
the present Republic of Liberia, under the special patronage of
this society. Formal possession was taken April 28, 1822.

Several of the subordinate State societies have been merged
in anti-slavery and other more radical societies for the termi¬
nation of slavery. In the year ending in 1858 the receipts of
the New York Colonization Society were $15,624.62.

8 The expenses of the society for the year ending in 1858 were
$17,052, including those of the Anti Slavery Standard, its prin¬
cipal organ. Receipts, $15,200 from the paper and donations,
and $17,355 by auxiliaries.

A New York State Anti Slavery Society, with numerous aux¬
iliaries, was formed about 1834-36, and its friends soon organ¬
ized themselves into a political party. The highest State vote
of this party was in 1844, when it amounted, on the Governor’s
ticket, to 15,136. Slavery existed under the Dutch, and was
continued through the English period of our colonial history.
An act was passed March 31,1817, declaring that every child
born of a slave in this State after July 4,1799, should be free at
the age of 28 if a male, or at 25 if a female. Every child born
after the passage of the act was to become free at the age of 21,
and measures were ordered for the education of children held
in service. The importation of slaves was prohibited. The first
emancipation under this law, therefore, took effect July 5, 1827,
as the law fixed the period as
after instead of upon the 4th of
July, as was perhaps intended. The 5th of July has sometimes
been celebrated as their anniversary of independence; and hence
arises the slang expression of “ Fourth of July one day
Those born before the above date remained slaves till their death,
and the census of 1855 reported one such-as living in the State.
The number of slaves in New York at different periods has
been as follows —

1790......21,324 11810......15.017 11820......10,046    11840.......... 4

1800......20,613 11814......11,480 1 1830...... 75    j 1850..........—


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