New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 32
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Bolton Bridge, W. R. (4) a ham-
let in the preceding township.

Bolton, or Castle Bolton, N.
R. (1) a township in the parish of
Wensley, wapentake of Hang West, 5
miles, N. W. from Leyburn ; inhabi-
tants, 278; a ehapelry to Wensley.
Here, on the brow of a hill, stand the
frowning remains of Bolton Castle,
which was built by Richard, Lord
Scrope, Chancellor of England in the
reign of Richard II. In this castle the
beautiful but unfortunate Mary queen
of Scots was confined, in 1568; her
name inscribed by herself appeared till
lately, on a pane of glass in a window,
in one of the apartments in the tower
of the south-west angle, which portion
of the building is now occupied by a
farmer. Emanuel Lord Scrope, Earl
of Sunderland, who died without male
issue, in the reign of Charles I., was
the last of that ancient family who in-
habited the castle. During the civil
wars it was for a long time gallantly
defended for the King by Colonel
Scrope, but at last surrendered, 1645 ;
from the damage that it received during
the siege, and from subsequent neglect,
the tower on the north-east angle fell
down in 1761. The east and north
sides are entirely in ruins. The ex-
pense of building Bolton Castle was,
according to Leland’s account, 18,000
marks : it is now the property of Lord
Bolton, having descended to the Pow-
lett family by the marriage of one of
his ancestors with the daughter of the
last Lord Scrope. The situation com-
mands a most picturesque, romantic,
and extensive prospect.

Bolton, East and West, N.R. (1)
two hamlets in the preceding township.

Bolton Hall, N. R. (1). See

Bolton Percy, (5) a parish and
township in the Ainsty, 3 miles S. E.
from Tadcaster; inhabitants, 258;
rectory, value 39/. 15s. Z\d.; patron,
the Archbishop of York. The church,
built in 1423, by Thomas Parker the
rector, is one of the neatest in the
county. Some of the windows are
beautifully ornamented with stained
glass; and it contains several monu-
ments of the Fairfax family. Bolton
Lodge is the seat of Mrs. Clement.
The parish contains the townships of
Appleton, Colton, and Steeton. En-
tire population, 1054.

Bolton upon Dearn, W. R. (8)
a parish and township in the wapen-
take of Strafforth and Tickhill, 7 miles
N. E. from Rotherham ; inhabitants,
623 ; a vicarage, value
61. 15s. Ad.;
patron, William Marsden, Esq. In this
parish, which is pleasantly seated on the
north bank of the river Dearn, is Gold-
thorp Hall, the seat of John John-
son, Esq.

Bolton upon Swale, N.R. (2)
a township in the parish of Catterick,
wapentake of Gilling East, 7 miles N.
from Bedale ; inhabitants, 100 ; a cha-
pelry to Catterick. In the church-
yard is a -plain stone pillar, comme-
morating Henry Jenkins, who was born
in the adjacent village of Ellerton, and
who was buried here in the year 1670, at
the age of 169, being the oldest English-
man upon record; and in the church is a
monument, erected in 1743, to his me-
mory, with a very absurd inscription,
though written by the master of a col-
lege, as it declares a patriarch’s health
and length of days to be entailed on
“ temperance, a life of labour, and a
mind at ease,” as if these qualities pro-
duced the supernatural longevity of
Henry Jenkins, and could offer an ex-
ample for other men to expect an equal

Bondgate, W. R. (5) a township
with Aismunderby, in the parish of Ri-
pon, wapentake of Claro ; it adjoins the
town of Ripon to the south; inhabitants*
551. Here is an hospital, founded by one
of the Archbishops of York, as early
as the reign of King John : the present
building is small, and inhabited by two


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