Micklefield, W.R. (5) a town-
ship in the parish of Sherburn, wapen-
take of Barkston Ash, 2% miles S. from
Abberford; inhabitants, 196. Here is
a chapel of ease to Sherburn.
Mickleth waite, W. R. (4) a ham-
let in the towhship and parish of Bing-
ley, wapentake of Skyrack, 3 miles S.
Micklethwaite,W.R. (5) a town-
ship in the parish of Collingham, wa-
pentake of Barkston Ash, half a mile
S. from Wetberby; inhabitants, 83.
Micklethwaite Grange, is the seat of
Paul Beilby Thompson, Esq.
Mickleton, N.R. (1) a township in
the parish of Romaldkirk, wapentake
of Gilling West, 2 miles N.W. from
Romaldkirk; inhabitants, 356.
Mickley, W. R. (5) a hamlet in
the township of Azerley, parish of
Kirkby Malzeard, wapentake of Claro,
6 miles N.W. from Ripon.
Middleham, N. R. (1) a parish,
township, and market town, in the wa-
pentake of Hang West, 3 miles S. from
Leyburn, 43 N. W. from York, 232
from London; inhabitants, 880; a
rectory, value 15/. 9s. 4§e?.; patron, the
King; the incumbent has the title of
Dean; market, Monday; fairs, No-
vember 5 and 6. Middleham is a small
market town, in which an open square
forms the principal part: the remains
of its once formidable castle, says Dr.
Whitaker, are the noblest work of man
in Richmondshire ;, the views from this
fortress, both up and down Wensley
Dale, are picturesque and extensive.
The castle was built about the year
1190, by Robert Fitz-Ranulph; it be-
came afterwards the property of the
Neviles, and descended to the Earl of
Warwick, the famous king-maker, and
here he confined Edward IV., who, by
good fortune or good management,
contrived to effect his escape, and soon
after defeated his powerful enemy at
the battje of Barnet: the castle be-
coming forfeited to the crown, Edward
gave it to his brother Richard, the Duke
of Gloucester, who made it his favourite
residence, was born in this place his only
son Edward, afterward Prince of Wales,
who died at the age of twelve years.
Richard converted the rectory into a
college; and though the establishment
was never completed, the incumbent
still retains the title of Dean, with some
ecclesiastical jurisdiction: when the
castle ceased to be inhabited is not
ascertained: there is an unsupported
tradition, that it was reduced to ruins
by Oliver Cromwell: it is still an ob-
ject of great interest, but must have
been an uncomfortable residence, the
keep being enclosed by a lofty qua-
drangle by the Nevile family, in the
14th century, which almost entirely
darkened, what was dark enough be-
fore. A mile from the town, is Mid-
dleham Moor, an excellent training
ground for race horses.
MiddlesbrouOh, N. R. (2) a
township in the parish of Acklam, wa-
pentake of Langbarugh, 10 miles N.
from Stokesley; a perpetual curacy;
patron, Thomas Hustler, Esq.; inha-
bitants, 40. Here was an ancient chapel
dependent, first on Stainton, afterwards
on the abbey of Whitby; it has long
been in ruins, but the chapel yard is
occasionally used as a burial ground.
Middlesmoor, W.R. (4) a town-
ship with Fountains Earth, in the pa-
rish of Kirkby Malzeard, wapentake of
Claro, 9 miles N. W. from Pateley
Bridge; inhabitants, 441; a chapelry
to Kirkby Malzeard. Near this place is
the celebrated chasm called Goyden
Pot Hole, into which the river Nidd
enters through a natural arch of lime-
stone rock, about nine feet in height: this
chasm may be explored with safety, by
the assistance of lights, for the distance
of two or three hundred yards; the river
emerges from its subterraneous course
about three miles distant to the south.
Middlestown, W. R. (8). See