New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 193
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the market and fairs. In this parish
are many curious copyhold tenures.
Penistone contains the townships of
Denby, Gunthwaite, Hunshelf, Ing-
birchworth, Langsett, Oxspring, and
Thurlstone. Entire population, 5024.

Pennigent Hill, W. R. (4). See
Horton in Ribblesdale.

Pepper Hall,"N, R. (2). See
Cowton, South.

Pickering, N. R. (2) a parish,
township, and market town, in the wa-
pentake of Pickering Lythe, 8 miles E.
from Kirkby Moorside, 27 N. E. from
York, 226 from London ; inhabitants,
2746; a vicarage, value 8/. 3s.
patron, the Dean of York; market,
Monday; fairs, Monday before Feb.
14, Monday before May 13, Sept. 25,
Monday before Nov. 23. Pickering is
a long and straggling place, of great
antiquity, pleasantly situated on an
eminence, near a brook. In the 23d Ed-
ward I. it sent two members to parlia-
ment, but the privilege was discon-
tinued in the same reign. It belongs
to the Duchy of Lancaster, and has
jurisdiction over several adjacent vil-
lages. The castle was situated near
the western extremity of the town ; its
ruins shew it to have been very exten-
sive, but by whom it was built, has not
been ascertained; part of the ground
within the wall is converted into a gar-
den. King Richard II. was confined here,
after his deposition, and before his fa-
tal removal to Pontefract. The site of
the castle commands an extensive view
over the fertile vale of Pickering. The
church is an ancient and spacious build-
ing, with a lofty spire. Five miles to
the north of the town is an ancient
stone pillar, called Mauley Cross, pro-
bably erected by the family whose name
it bears. The parish of Pickering con-
tains the townships of Godeland, King-
thorpe, Marishes, and Newton. En-
tire population, 3555.

Pickering Lythe, N.R. (3) a wa-
pentake in the North Riding, bounded
on the north by Langbarugh, on the
west by Rydale, on the south by the
river Derwent and the East Riding,
and on the east by the sea and Whitby
Strand. The wapentake and liberty are
co-extensive; it is a mountainous dis-
trict, and had formerly a forest, which
was an appurtenance to the castle of
Pickering. The wapentake contains
two market towns, 46 townships, 16
of which are parishes; 4736 houses,
and 23,765 inhabitants.

Pick Hill, N. R. (2) a parish and
township with Roaksby, in the wapen-
take of Hallikeld, 6 miles W. from
Thirsk ; inhabitants, 334 ; a vicarage,
hl. 13s. Ad.; patron, Trinity Col-
lege, Cambridge. The parish contains
the townships of Ainderby Quernhow,
Holme, Howe, Sinderby, and Swainby.
Entire population, 686.

Pick Hill, N. R* (1) a small ham-
let in the township of Carlton High
Dale, parish of Coverham, wapentake
of Hang West, 8ยง miles S. W. from

Fickton, N. R. (2) a township in
the parish of Kirk Levington, wapen-
take of Langbarugh, 4 miles S. from
Yarm; inhabitants, 94.

Pigburn, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
the township and parish of Brodsworth,
wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, 4
miles N. W. from Doncaster.

Pilley, W. R. (8) a hamlet in the
township and parish of Tankersley, wa-
pentake of Staincross, 4 miles S. from

Pinchinthorpe,N. R. (2) a town-
ship in the parish of Guisborough,
wapentake of Langbarugh, 5 miles
N.E. from Stokesley; inhabitants, 80.
Pincliinthorpe Hall is the seat of
John Lee, Esq.

Pittsmoor, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
the township of Brightside Bierlow, pa-
rish of Sheffield, wapentake of Strafforth
and Tickhill, 1 mile N. from Sheffield.

Plainville House, N. R. (5).
See Wigginton.

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