of Edward IV. The town is far from
elegant, the streets being narrow, and
the houses chiefly of stone, have ac-
quired a dingy appearance; a consider-
able trade is carried on in coals, the
river Don opening a communication
with all the principal towns in the
county: this place was formerly fa-
mous for its manufacture of edge tools.
Across the bridge is the village of Mas-
borough, containing the ponderous iron
works, originally the property of Mr.
Walker; and where also is situated the
Rotherham Independent Academy. At
Rotherham was born Thomas Scott,
Archbishop of York, usually called
Thomas de Rotherham, who founded
here a college, which was swept away
at the dissolution of the monasteries.
Eastwood House, near the town, is the
seat of Mrs. Sarah Walker. The pa-
rish contains the townships of Brins-
worth, Catcliffe, Dalton, Greasborough,
Kimberworth, Orgreave, and Tinsley.
Entire population, 9623.
Rothwell, W. R. (8) a parish and
township in the wapentake of Agbrigg, 5
miles N. from Wakefield ; inhabitants,
2155; a vicarage, value 19/. 12s. lie/.;
patron, C. J. Brandling, Esq. This
place was a Saxon parish, and obtains
its' name from a copious spring near the
church. It was one of the numerous
manors of the great Norman family of
Lacy; and Rothwell Hay was once
their ancient park; it contained about
543 acres, and afterwards relasped into
a state of nature; it is now, however,
a fertile tract, and below the soil has
many valuable coal mines. Near the
church, some grout work of the old
manor house yet remains. The parish
contains the townships of Carlton with
Lofthouse, Middleton, Oulton with
Woodlesford, and Thorpe. Entire po-
Rotsea, E. R. (6) a township in the
parish of Hutton Cranswick, division
of Bainton Beacon, 6 miles S. from
Great Driffield; inhabitants, 23.
Rough Birchworth, W. R. (8) a
hamlet in the township of Oxspring,
parish of Penistone, wapentake of Stain-
cross, 2 miles S. E. from Penistone.
Roundfield Hill, N. R. (2) a
small hamlet in the township of Hack-
forth, parish of Hornby, wapentake of
Hang East, 3 miles S. from Catterick.
Round Green, W. R. (8) a hamlet
in the township of Worsborough, pa-
rish of Darfield, wapentake of Stain-
cross, 3 miles S. from Barnsley.
Round Hay, W. R. (5) a township
in the parish of Barwick-in-Elmet, wa-
pentake of Skyrack,3 miles N.E. from
Leeds; inhabitants, 186. Here was
anciently a park, belonging to the great
Norman family of Lacy; from its cir-
cular pale, the place obtained the name
of Round Hay.
Round Wood, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
the township and parish of Rawmarsh,
wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill,
2§ miles N. E. from Rotherham.
Rounton, East, N. R. (2) a town-
ship in the parish of Rudby, wapentake
of Langbarugh, 7 miles N. E. from
Northallerton ; inhabitants, 135 ; a
ehapelry to Rudby. Rounton Grange
is the seat of John Wailes, Esq.
Rounton* West, N. R. (2) a pa-
rish and township in the wapentake of
Allertonshire, 7 miles N.E. from North-
allerton; inhabitants, 217; a rectory,
value 6/.; patron, the King.
Rousby, or Roxby, N. R. (2) a
township in the parish of Hinderwell,
wapent^te of Langbarugh, 11 miles E.
from Guisborough; inhabitants, 236;
a ehapelry to Hinderwell.
Routh, E. R. (6) a parish and
township in the wapentake of Holder-
ness, 4§ miles N. E. from Beverley;
inhabitants, 124; a rectory, value 8/.
\7s.\d.i patron, Misses Ellerker. The
church is a very ancient structure, and
contains a mutilated effigy of a Knight
Routon, E. R. (6) a hamlet in the
township of North Skirlaugh, parish