New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 254
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Kirkby Malzeard, wapentake of Claro,
7 miles N. W. from Pateley Bridge.

Sym Hill, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
' the township and parish of Silkston,
wapentake of Staincross, 3 miles N. E.
from Penistone.

Syningthwaite, (5) a hamlet
in the township and parish of Bilton,
in the Ainsty, 4 miles E. from We-
therby. Here was a nunnery of the
Cistercian order, founded in 1160.


Tadcaster, W. R. (5) a parish,
township, and market town, partly in
the wapentake of Barkston Ash, and
partly in the Ainsty, 6 miles N. E.
from Abberford, 9 S. W. from York,
190 from London; inhabitants, in
Barkston Ash, 1651, in the Ainsty,
775 ; a vicarage, value 8/. 4
s. 9%d.;
patron, the Earl of Egremont; mar-
ket, Wednesday; fairs, last Wednes-
days in April, May, September, and
October. Here is an hospital for
twelve poor persons, founded by Dr.
Oglethorpe, Bishop of Carlisle, who
crowned Queen Elizabeth. Tadcaster
is supposed to have been the Calcaria
of the Romans, and is a clean, well-
built, and pleasant town, standing on
both sides of the river Wharfe : being
the great thoroughfare from York to
the south and west, it is a lively place,
though it possesses no manufactures
and little trade. On the south side of
the river there was formerly a castle,
from the ruins of which, it is said, the
present bridge, one of the finest in the
county, was constructed. Tadcaster
was considered by the Romans as one
of the out-posts to their chief military
station at York. In the civil wars of
England it has always been regarded
as a post of great importance. In the
immediate neighbourhood was fought
the battle of Towton, between the
Roses, in 1461; and in 1642, the Earl
of Newcastle attacked General Fairfax
in this town, and expended an immense
quantity of ammunition with no great
effect; the parliamentarians, however,
thought proper to depart in the night,
and left the place to the royalists.
domestic anecdote is recorded, con-
nected with this affair, of some in-
terest : Captain Lister being shot with
a musket ball, was buried at Tadcas-
ter ; his son passing through the town,
some years after, had the curiosity to
inquire in what part of the church
his father’s body lay, when the sexton,
who was making a grate in the choir,
shewed him a skull which he had just
dug up, and which he averred to be
Captain Lister’s; the skull, upon ex-
amination, was found to contain a bul-
let ; this testimony to the truth of thfe
sexton’s words, so struck the young
man, that he sickened at the sight, and
died soon afterwards. The parish of
Tadcaster contains the townships of
Catterton and Oxton, in the Ainsty;
Stutton with Hazelwood, in Barkston
Ash. Entire population, 2811.

Tame, New and Old, W. R. (7)
two hamlets in the township of Quick,
parish of Rochdale, Lancashire, wapen-
take of Agbrigg, 3 miles N. W. from

Tanfield, East, N. R. (5) a town-
ship in the parish of Kirklington, wa-
pentake of Hallikeld, 6 miles N. from
Ripon; inhabitants, 32.

Tanfield, West, N. R. (5) a pa-
rish and township in the wapentake of
Hallikeld, 6ยง miles N. from Ripon;
inhabitants, 709 ; a rectory, value 13/.
bd.; patron, the Marquis of Ailes-
bury. On the banks of the Ure stand
the small remains of Tanfield castle, by
whom erected is not known. In the
church are several ancient alabaster
monuments of the former lords of
Tanfield, the Marmions and the Grays.
A chantry adjoining, was founded by
Mawd, the wife of John Lord Mar-
mion, in the year 1343, to pray for
the souls of herself and husband, their
progenitors, and successors. In this
parish is the hamlet of Thornborougb,
containing the Danish camps.


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