price of 400,000/.; the money in part
was paid at Topcliffe: the reproach,
says Mr. Hume, of selling their
king and betraying their prince for
money, the Scottish nation then un-
derwent, and still undergo, for such
grievous stains are not easily wiped
away. The Swale, on which Top-
cliffe is situated, has been called the
Jordan of England, because in the
year 620, Paulinus, the Roman mis-
sionary, baptized 10,000 converts in
the river, somewhere between Top-
cliffe and Helperby : these tumultuary
baptisms are not a scene of agreeable
contemplation, for though king Edwin
was undoubtedly sincere, it is difficult
to conceive how a race of barbarians
like the Northumbrian Saxons, could,
by the hearing of a sermon or two in a
language which they did not under-
stand, be fitted by faith, knowledge, or
repentance, to receive the solemn initi-
atory rite into the Christian church.
The parish of Topcliffe is extensive,
and contains the townships of Aisenby,
Baldersby, Catton, Dalton, Dishforth,
Elmyre, Marton le Moor, Rainton and
Skipton. Entire population, 2540.
Topcliffe, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
the township and parish of West Ards-
ley, wapentake of Morley, 5 miles N.E.
Topit, W. R. (8) a hamlet in the
township of Clayton, parish of High
Hoyland, wapentake of Staincross, 6
miles N. from Penistone.
Tosside, W. R. (4) a township with
Sawley, in the parish of Gisburn, wa-
pentake of Staincliffe, 4 miles S.W.
from Gisburn ; inhabitants, 561. This
township consists of a large tract of
pasture and moor-lands.
Tosside Row, W.R. (4) a hamlet
in the preceding township, but extra-
Tottis, W.R. (7) a hamlet in the
township of Wooldale, parish of Kirk-
burton, wapentake of Agbrigg, 7 miles
S. from Huddersfield.
Towlston, W. R. (5) a hamlet in
the township and parish of Newton-
Kyme, wapentake of Barkston Ash, 3
miles W. from Tadcaster. Towlston
Lodge is the seat of James Rhodes, Esq.
Town End, W. R. (7) a hamlet in
the township of Wooldale, parish of
Kirkburton, wapentake of Agbrigg, 6
miles S. from Huddersfield.
Town End, W. R. (8) a hamlet in
the township of Bradfield, parish of
Ecclesfield, wapentake of Strafforth and
Tickhill, 4 miles W. from Sheffield.
Town Head, W. R. (4). See Slaid-
Town Hill, W. R. (4). See Brad-
Towthorpe, E. R. (6) a township
in the parish of Wharram Percy, wa-
pentake of Buckrose, 2 miles S. E. from
Sledmere; inhabitants, 61.
Towthorpe, N. R. (5) a township
in the parish of Strensall and Hunt-
ingtoi\, wapentake of Bulmer, 4§ miles
N. from York.
Towton, W. R. (5) a township in
the parish of Saxton, wapentake of
Barkston Ash, 2 miles S. from Tad-
caster; inhabitants, 94. Towton Hall
is the seat of John Kendall, Esq. Tow-
ton is a small village which will remain
memorable as the scene of the most
sanguinary battle ever fought on Eng-
lish ground, and which took place on
Palm Sunday, March 29, 1461, be-
tween the Duke of Somerset on the
part of the Lancastrians, and Ed-
ward IV. on the part of the Yorkists :
this monarch having received the crown
by a sort of tumultuary election in
London, was soon convinced that no
security existed but by annihilating
his rival; learning that Queen Marga-
ret had collected a great force in the
north, he immediately followed her: on
his arrival at Pomfret, he sent two of
his officers to secure the passage of the
Aire, over Ferrybridge, which they
easily effected, and posted their detach-
ment on the north side of that river;