New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 279
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ey is delightfully situated on a gentle
elevation above the bank of the Ure,
and commands many beautiful pros-
pects : here was a very ancient bridge
over the river, which a few years since
was repaired and widened. Wensley
Dale takes its name from this parish,
and extends westward through the ad-
joining parish of Aysgarth: it is one of
the richest, as well as one of the most
picturesque, vallies in the kingdom; its
soil is fertile, it abounds with wood, it
is adorned with several villages stocked
with vast herds of cattle, and in some
parts it produces lead ore ; whilst the
river Ure, meandering through its luxu-
riant pastures, enlivens the scene with
its romantic waterfalls. The parish of
Wensley contains the townships of
Bolton Castle, Leyburn, Preston and
Redmire. Entire population, 2182.

Wentbridge, W. R. (8) a hamlet
in the townships of Kirk Smeaton,
Darrington and Thorpe Audlin, parishes
of Kirk Smeaton, Darrington and Bads-
worth, wapentake of Osgoldcross, 4ยง
miles S. from Pontefract. Here is a
bridge over the river Went, which falls
into the Don near Vermuiden’s canal.

Wentworth, W. R. (8) a town-
ship in the parish of Wath upon Dearn,
wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, 5
miles N. E. from Rotherham; inha-
bitants, 1269; a perpetual curacy, pa-
tron, Earl Fitzwilliam. Wentworth
House, the superb mansion of Earl Fitz-
william, was built about the year 1750,
by the first Marquis of Rockingham;
it consists of a centre and two wings,
presenting a front 600 feet in length:
the noble portico is supported by six
Corinthian columns: many of the apart-
ments are magnificent, particularly the
entrance hall and gallery, and the man-
sion is adorned by an excellent collec-
tion of pictures from the Italian mas-
ters; here are also many of the pieces
of Vandyke, particularly the celebrated
portrait of the first Earl of Strafford
with his secretary. In the museum, are
some valuable antique marbles, and
some excellent modern copies. Every
thing without the mansion corresponds
to the taste and grandeur within : the
park comprises 1500 acres, richly
clothed with wood, and embellished
with fine pieces of water : many orna-
mented temples break in upon the eye
at several angles, particularly the cele-
brated mausoleum raised by the present
Earl, in 1788, to the memory of his
uncle, the late Marquis of Rocking-
ham : it is ninety feet in height, and
consists of three divisions; in the in-
terior is an apartment rising into a
dome, supported by eight columns,
encircling a marble statue of the Mar-
quis, by Nollekens; on one side of the
pedestal are detailed the titles of the
deceased, on the others are inscrip-
tions in verse and prose, the former by
Frederick Montagu, Esq., the latter by
the right hon. Edmund Burke, composed
with his usual eloquence, but perhaps a
little too prolix, and not altogether de-
void of that air of pretension which cha-
racterizes the greater part of his works:
its closing injunction, however, “ Re-
member, resemble, persevere,” has been
so implicitly obeyed, that the bright ex-
emplar whom he so justly eulogizes, still
benefits his country, in the reflected
virtues and patriotism of his distin-
guished successors. Wentworth House
was anciently called Woodhouse, and
was the patrimony of SirThomas Went-
worth, afterwards Earl of Strafford,
who was beheaded in the quarrel be-
tween the King and Parliament, in the
year 1641, and who, whatever may be
thought of his principles, has never
been surpassed in talent by any Eng-
lish statesman : his son dying without
issue, 1695, devised the estate to his
nephew, the second son of Lord Rock-
ingham, who assumed the name of
Wentworth; from the Rockingham
family, it has descended to the present
noble possessor. The neighbouring do-
main at Stainbrough, being sometimes


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