Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 701
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SUM    701    SUM

Sullivan, a county of New Hampshire. Pop.
19,687. Newport is the capital. A county of
N. York. Pop. 12,372; Monticello is the capital.
A county of Indiana. Pop. 4,696. Merom is the
capital. A county of E. Tennessee. Pop. 10,073;
Blountsville is the capital.

Sullivan, ph. Hancock Co. Me. 35 m. E. Cas-
tine. Pop. 538. jph. Cheshire Co. N. H. 38 m. S.
W. Concord, rop. 555. ph. Madison Co. N. Y.
Pop. 4,077; p.v. Tioga Co. Pa. a township of
Lorain Co. Ohio. Pop. 206.

Sullivan’s Island, a low island at the entrance
of Charleston harbour, S. C.

Sully, a town of France, department of Loiret,
seated on the Loire, 20 m. S. E. of Orleans.

Sulmona, a town of Naples, in Abruzzo Citra,
and a bishop’s see. It contains 11 churches and
12 convents, and was the birthplace of the poet
Ovid. It is seated on the Sora. 26 m. S. W. of
Civita di Shieti. Long. 14. 55. E., lat. 42. 0. N.

Sultanta, a decayed town of Persia, in Irak,
with a magnificent mosque, which contains the
tomb of sultan Chodabend, or Hodabunda. 50
miles N. W. of Casbin. Long. 51. 53. E., lat. 36.

16. N.

Sultanpore, a town of Hindoostan, in the prov-
ince of Lahore, 62 m. S. E. of Lahore.

Sultanpore, a town of Hindoostan, in the pro-
vince of Oude, the station of a British detach-
ment, 32 miles S. of Fyzabad and 50 N. of Alla-

Sultz, a town of Germany, in Mecklenburg,
with a salt mine, seated on the Rekenitz, 18 in.
E. S. E. of Rostock.

Sultz, a town of France, department of Upper
Rhine, with a medicinal spring, 13 m. S. S. W.
of Colmar.

Sulz, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of
Wurtemberg, with some salt-works; seated near
the Neckar, 12 m. N. of Rothweil.

Suiza, a towin in the grand duchy of Saxe-Wei-
mar, with a salt mine, seated on the lime, 13 m.
E. N. E. of Weimar.

Sulzbach, a town and castle of Bavaria, in a
duchy of its name, the regency of which is unit-
ed to Amberg. It stands in a mountainous coun-
try, fertile in hops, 6 miles N. W. of Amberg.

Sulzburg, a town of Germany in Baden, with
a fine palace seated in a territory fertile in good
wine, 8 m. S. W. of Friburg.

Sumatra, the most western of the Sunda Is-
lands, in the Indian Ocean. Its general direction
is nearly N. W. and S. E. The equator divides
it into almost equal parts ; the one extremity be-
ing in 5. 53. N., the other in 5. 56. S. lat. and
Acheen Head, its N. extremity, is in Long. 95.

34. N. It is 950 m. in length, and from 150 to
2o0 in breadth; and is separated from Malacca by
the strait of that name, and from Java by
the strait of Sunda. A chain of mountains runs
through its whole extent; the ranges in many
parts, being double and treble ; yet their altitude
is not sufficient to occasion their being covered
with snow during any part of the year. Between
these ridges are extensive plains, considerably el-
evated above the surface of the maritime lands.
In these the air is cool; and, from this advantage
they are esteemed the most eligible portion of the
country, are the best inhabited, and the most
cleared from woods, which elsewhere, in general,
cover both hills and valleys with an eternal shade.
Here too are found many lakes and rivers which
facilitate the communication between the differ-
ent parts. The inhabitants consist of Malays,
















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Achense, Battas, Lampoons and Rcjans; the
latter are taken as a standard of description, with
respect to the person, manners, and customs of
the Sumatrans. They are rather below7 the mia
die Stature; their bulk in proportion ; their limbs,
for the most part, slight, but well shaped, and
particularly small at the wrist and ancles.
Their hair is strong and of a shining black. The
men are beardless, great pains being taken to
render them so, when boys, by rubbing their chins
with a kind of quick lime. Their complexion is
properly yellow, wanting the red tinge that con-
stitutes a copper or tawny colour. Those of the
superior class, who are not exposed to the rays of
the sun, and particularly the women of rank, ap
proach to a considerable degree of fairness; but
the major part of the females are ugly. The rites
of marriage among the Sumatrans consist simply
in joining the hands of the parties, and pronounc-
ing them man and wife, without much ceremo-
ny, excepting the entertainment which is given
upon the occasion. But little apparent courtship
precedes their marriages. Their manners do not
admit of it, the young people of each sex being
carefully kept asunder, and the girls being sel-
dom trusted from their mothers. The opportuni-
ties which the young people have of seeing and
conversing with each other are at the public festi-
vals, where the persons who are unmarried meet
together, and dance and sing in company. A man,
when determined in his choice, generally employs
an old women as his agent, by whom he sends a
present. The parents then interfere, and, the
preliminaries being settled, a feast takes place.
At these festivals, a goat, a buffalo, or several
according to the rank of the parties, are killed
to entertain, not only the relations and invited
guests, but for all the inhabitants of the neigh-
bouring country who chose to repair to them.
The. greater the concourse, the more is the credit
of the host, who is generally, on these occasions,
the father of the girl. Polygamy is allowed ; but
it is extremely rare that an instance occurs of a
man having more than one wife, and that only
among a few of the chiefs. This continence they
owe, in some measure, to their poverty. Moth-
ers carry their children straddling on their hip,
and usually supported by a cloth tied in a knot
on the opposite shoulder. The children are nursed
but little, and are not confined by any swinthing or
bandages. The original natives of Sumatra are
pagans; but it is to be observed that when the
Sumartrans, or any of the natives of the eastern
islands, learn to read the Arabic character, and
submit to circumcision, they are said to become
Malays, the term Malay being understood to
mean Mussulman. The wild beasts of Sumatra
are tigers, elephants, rhinoceroses, bears, and
monkeys. The tigers prove to the inhabitants,
both in their journeys and even their domestic
occupations, most destructive enemies ; yet, from
a superstitious predjudice, it is with difficulty they
are prevailed upon to use methods for destroying
them, till they have sustained some particular in-
jury in their own family or kindred. Alligators
likewise occasion the loss of many inhabitants ;
and yet a superstitious idea of their sanctity also
preserves them from molestation. The other an-
imals of Sumatra are buffaloes, a small kind of
horses, goats, hogs, deer, bullocks, and hog-deer
This last is an animal somewhat larger than a rab
bit, the head resembling that of a hog, and its
shanks and feet those of a deer ; the bezoar stone
found on this animal has been valued at ten times
3 N 2


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