Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 382

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Glastenbury, Ct., Hartford co. This town, pre-
vious to its incorporation in 1690, had been at-
tached to Wethersfield. It lies on the E. side of
Connecticut River, opposite to Wethersfield. It
has some fine land on Connecticut River; and the
river road, through its entire extent, from East
Hartford to Portland, is one thickly-settled and
pleasant street. The face of the uplands is
rough, but generally productive. About a mile
and a half from Connecticut River, and 8 miles
from Chatham Freestone Quarry, in a romantic
spot between the hills, is a beautiful village con-
nected with the Hartford Manufacturing Com-
pany. Roaring Brook, at this place, passes
through a very narrow defile, affording a great
and constant water power. From the hills
around this village a great variety of delightful
scenery is observable.

“ In the eastern part of the town there is a pond
of about a mile in circumference, called Diamond
Pond, from the circumstance of there being small
pebbles or stones around its margin having a
peculiar brilliancy. Near the centre of the town
there is a mineral spring, which, though it has
acquired no celebrity abroad, has been thought,
by men of science who have examined it, to pos-
sess valuable medicinal qualities ; and for more
than 100 years has been known by the name of
the ‘Pool of Neipseic.'

Eastbury is an ancient ecclesiastical parish,
embracing the eastern portion of the town.

Glastonbury, Vt., Bennington co. This is a
township of mountainous land, more fit for the
residence of wild beasts than human beings. Its
waters flow both into Deerfield River and Wal-
loom's Creek. The town was chartered in 1761.
9 miles N. E. from Bennington, and 25 N. W.
from Brattleboro'.

Glen Cove, N. Y., Queen's co. On the E. side
of Hempstead Harbor, at the head of Glen Cove.
176 miles S. by E. from Albany. A place of re-
sort from New York city in the summer months.

Glenn, N. Y., Montgomery co. Bounded on
the N. by the Mohawk River, and E. by Scho-
harie Creek. The surface is hilly; soil mostly
clay loam. 3 miles S. from Fonda, and 44 N.
W. from Albany.

Glenburn, Me., Penobscot co. Formerly called
Dutton. On both sides of the great bend of the
Kenduskeag, which affords water power. Soil
good. 10 miles N. N. W. from Bangor.

Glenn's Falls, N. Y., Warren co. On the N.
side of the Hudson River, 54 miles N. from Al-
bany. The falls here have a descent of 50 feet,
affording a great water power, which is improved
for mills and manufactories of various kinds.
The scenery at the falls is very picturesque. A
bridge, 500 feet in length, crosses the Hudson at
this point, affording a fine view of the water
tumbling over the rocks. An abundance of the
finest black marble is found here.

Glenville, N. Y., Schenectady co. On the N.
side of the Mohawk River. Watered on the E.
by Aelplass Creek. The surface is rather hilly;
soil sandy loam. 4 miles W. from Schenectady.

Glenville, Va., c. h. Gilmer co. On the Little
Kenhawa. about 40 miles S. W. from the Ohio.

Gloucester, Ms., Essex co., is an important
maritime town. The Indians called it Winga-
ersheek. This was the first spot inhabited by
English settlers on the N. side of Massachusetts
Bay, its harbor having been improved as a fish-
ing station as early as 1624. Gloucester Harbor
is capacious, easy of access at any season of the
year, and of sufficient depth of water for the lar-
gest merchantmen. Nautical men pronounce it
one of the best harbors on the coast. Until the
incorporation of Rockport in 1840, this town
comprised the whole of Cape Ann, which was
named by Prince Charles out of respect for his
mother. There are a number of small islands at
its eastern extremity, on one of which, Thatcher's
Island, are two light-houses. The village of
Anisquam, or Squam, lies on the N. side of the
cape ; it has a safe harbor. Near this village is a
beach of between 2 and 3 miles in length, com-
posed of white sand, which is much used, and
makes a beautiful appearance as you approach the
shore. The village of Gloucester Harbor is
beautifully located on the S. side of the cape, 32
miles. N. E. from Boston by water, 14 from Sa-
lem, and 28 from Boston by land, with both
which places it is connected by railroad. Glou-
cester is rapidly becoming a fashionable resort
in summer months. The sea views from the
village are very extensive. The cod and
mackerel fisheries, particularly the latter, are
extensively carried on from this town, which
takes the lead in this business. It has also an
extensive trade with the southern ports, with
Surinam, and with the British provinces.

Gloucester County, N. J., c. h. at Woodbury.
Bounded N. E. by Camden, S. E. by Atlantic, S.
W. by Salem co., and N. W. by the Delaware
River, separating it from Pennsylvania. Drained
by Cooper's, Mantua, Big Timber, and Racoon
Creeks, and the head branches of Great Egg
Harbor River. The soil is sandy and unproduc-
tive, except on the borders of the Delaware,
where it is very fertile.

Gloucester, N. J., Gloucester co. Cooper's and
Big Timber Creeks drain this town. Surface
level; soil sand and loam, the N. part yielding
good harvests of vegetables and fruit. 10 miles
S. E. from Woodbury.

Gloucester, R. I., Providence co. The surface
of the town is somewhat broken by hills, but the
soil is well adapted to agricultural purposes, par-
ticularly to grazing. Gloucester furnishes large
supplies of various products for market. There
are fine forests in several parts of the town, and
large quantities of ship and other timber are con-
veyed to Providence and other places. The Che-
pachet and some smaller streams give Gloucester
a good water power.

Gloucester County, Va., c. h. at Gloucester. In-
corporated in 1652, and bounded N. by Middlesex
co., E. by Matthews co. and Chesapeake Bay, S.
W. by York River, separating it from York and
James City counties, and N. W. by King and
Queen co.

Gloucester, Va., c. h. Gloucester co. 85 miles
E. from Richmond.

Glover, Vt., Orleans co. This town is hilly,
and the soil is more fit for grazing than tillage.
There are in the town branches of Barton's, Pas-
sumpsic, Lamoille, and Black Rivers, and several
ponds. The settlement was commenced about
the year 1797, by Ralph Parker, James Vance,
Samuel Cook, and Samuel Conant. 10 miles
S. E. from Irasburg, and 38 N. E. from Mont-

Glynn County, Ga., c. h. at Brunswick. Bounded
N. by the Alatamaha River, separating it from

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