Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 435

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Lorraine, N. Y., Jefferson co. Watered by
Sandy Creek and its branches. Surface hilly ;
soil sandy loam and clay. 15 miles S. from Wa-
tertown, and 145 N. W. from Albany.

Los Angelos County, Ca., c. h. at Puebla de Los
Angelos. In the S. part of the state.

Los Angelos, Ca., c. h. Los Angelos co. Eormer
Mexican capital of California.

Loudon, N. H., Merrimac co. Suncook River
passes through Loudon, furnishing valuable mill
privileges. There is some good intervale on its
borders. Loudon was originally a part of Can-
terbury, and lies on the E. side of Merrimac Riv-
er. First settlers, Abraham and Jethro Batchel-
der and Moses Ordway. About 10 miles N. E.
from the state house in Concord.

Loudon County, Ya., c. h. at Leesburg. Bound-
ed N. E. by the Potomac River, separating it from
Maryland, S. E. by Fairfax co., S. W. by Prince
William and Fauquier, and N. W. bv Clarke and
Jefferson counties. Drained by Killoctan and
Goose Creeks, and branches, which afford good
water power. Surface mountainous, the Blue
Ridge lying on the N. W. border. Soil of vari-
ous qualities.

Louisa County, Io., c. h. at Wappello. Bound-
ed N. by Johnson and Muscatine counties, E. by
the Mississippi River, separating it from Illinois,
S. by Des Moines and Henry, and W. by Wash-
ington co. Drained by Iowa River and branches,
which afford hydraulic, power. Soil of fine quali-
ty, especially on the borders of the rivers.

Louisa, Ky., c. h. Lawrence co. Located on
the W. side of Big Sandy River. 158 miles E.
from Frankfort.

Louisa County, Ya., c. h. at Louisa Court
House. Bounded N. and N. E. by Pamunky
River, separating it from Orange and Spottsylva-
nia counties, S. E. by Hanover, S. W. by Gooch-
land and Fluvanna, and N. W. by Albemarle co.

Louisburg, N. C., c. h. Franklin co. On the N.
side of Tar River. 36 miles N. E. from Raleigh.

Louisville, As., c. h. Lafayette co.

Louisville, Ga., c. h. Jefferson co. On Rocky
Comfort Creek, just above its junction with
Ogeechee River, and 53 miles E. from Milledge-

Louisville, Ky. City, port of entry, and seat
of justice of Jefferson co. It is 52 miles W. by
N. from Frankfort, the capital of the state. The
population in 1800 was 800; 1810, 1357: 1820,
4012; 1830, 10,336; 1840, 21,210; 1850, 43,000.
Louisville is situated on the S. side of the Ohio
River, at the head of the rapids. Opposite to the
city the river is a mile wide, and for many miles
above spreads out into a most beautiful sheet of
water. -The city is built on a gradual ascent from
the river, about 75 feet above low-water mark,
with streets running parallel to the river, nearly
E. and W., from 60 to 120 feet wide, intersected
at right angles by streets running up from the
river, which are uniformly 60 feet wide. The
areas enclosed by the intersecting streets are
420 feet square; which, however, are in most in-
stances subdivided by narrower streets and alleys.
The public buildings of Louisville are, many of
them, of the most convenient and elegant con-
struction. The City Hall, for the accommodation
of the municipal courts and offices, is a spacious
and magnificent building. The city and county
prison is constructed on the most approved mod-
el of modern improvements, combining health,
convenience, and security.

The Marine Hospital is a fine building, erected
in 1820, by a grant of $40,000 from the state; a
donation for the site, containing about 7£ acres of
ground, having been made by two noble-minded
citizens. The establishment is well endowed,
admirably regulated, and abundantly sufficient
for all the purposes of its design, there is in
Louisville a Medical Institute, which is well fur-
nished with books and apparatus, and has been
in very successful operation for a number of
years. There is here a school for the blind, en-
dowed by the state. There are two orphan asy-
lums, and a Magdalen asylum ; a city workhouse,
a hospital, a prison, several markets, and banking
houses. It has several spacious hotels, which are
among the best in the country. Some of the
church edifices are fine specimens of architecture,
of which there are in the city 3 Presbyterian, 6
Methodist, 4 Baptist, 1 Campbellite Baptist, 2
Episcopal, 2 Roman Catholic, 1 Friends, 1 Uni-
tarian, 1 Universalist, several colored churches,
1 free church, and a Jews' synagogue. The
Mercantile Library Association has a library of
between 4000 and 5000 volumes. The Kentucky
Historical Society has accumulated a large and
valuable collection of books, pamphlets, and man-
uscript documents, connected with the settlement
and history of the state. An Agricultural and
a Horticultural Society have been organized.
The system of free schools was introduced
into Louisville earlier than any where else
west of the mountains; and the city is well
provided with the means of education, which
are open to children of every age, and of all
classes. Large banking facilities have been

The principal business of Louisville is foreign
and domestic commerce. It is extensively re-
sorted to by merchants from the river towns
above and below, and from the interior of the
adjacent states, as an eligible wholesale market
for dry goods and groceries. In this commerce
are employed more than 300 steamboats, besides
boats of other descriptions with which the western
rivers are navigated. The import and export
trade of Louisville, in 1850, amounted to near
$50,000,000. The exports consist of tobacco, bag-
ging, and bale rope, pork, lard, bacon, flour, whis-
key, feathers, flaxseed, beeswax, and live stock; to
which should be added steam engines, sugar mills,
and various kinds of machinery manufactured
here. There are several large founderies and ma-
chine shops, in which engines and machinery of
the best description are produced. Many steam-
boats of the largest class, every year, are built
at Louisville and the adjoining towns, and fur-
nished with engines from these establishments.
Two extensive steam bagging factories are in
full operation, and several ropewalks, converting
tons of raw hemp daily into bagging, cordage,
and bale rope. There are manufactories of cot-
ton and woollen; a number of flouring mills,
breweries, and distilleries. White lead, linseed
and lard oil, starch and hydraulic cement, tobac-
co, snuff, cigars, &c., are manufactured here in
large quantities. The book trade, printing, bind-
ing, and paper making, are carried on with great
energy and success. All, or nearly all, these
branches of manufacture are rapidly extending
their business.

The city is abundantly supplied with excellent
water, and gas works have been established for
lighting the city

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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