Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 449

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of Pistol Creek, a tributary of Little River. 18
miles S. S. W. from Knoxville. This is the seat
of the Southwestern Theological Seminary. See
Theological Seminaries.

Mason County, Is., c. h. at Bath. W. central
part of the state. In the angle formed by the
junction of the Sangamon with the Illinois.

Mason County, Ky., c. h. at Washington.
Bounded N. by the Ohio River, E. by Lewis, S.
by Fleming, and W. by Nicholas and Bracken
counties. Drained by North Lick, a branch of
Licking River.

Mason County, Mn. On the E. shore of Lake
Michigan, half way from the head to the foot.

Mason, N. H., Hillsboro' co. The surface is
uneven; the hills are chiefly large swells, with
narrow valleys between them. The streams are
rapid. There are no natural ponds. Souhegan
is the principal stream, affording many fine mill
sites. The soil in the E. part is light; in the W.
is a strong, deep soil, but stony. 15 miles S. W.
from Amherst, and 45 S. S. W. from Concord.

Mason County, Va., c. h. at Point Pleasant.
Bounded N. E. by Jackson co., S. E. by Kana-
wha, S. W. by Cabell co., and N. W. and N. by
the Ohio River, separating it from Ohio. Great
Kanawha River and its branches, and some
small branches of the Ohio, water this county.
Surface rough ; soil mostly fertile. Salt is found
near the Kanawha.

Masonville, N. Y., Delaware co. Watered by
some small branches of the Delaware and Sus-
quehanna Rivers. The surface is hilly and
mountainous. 23 miles W. from Delhi, and
S. W. from Albany.

Massanutton, Va., Page co. 188 miles N. W.
from Richmond. Near this village is a stream
from Massanutton Mountain, which has an un-
broken fall of nearly 50 feet, presenting a most
beautiful spectacle.

Massena, N. Y., St. Lawrence co. Racket and
Grass Rivers water this towrn, which comprises
2 large islands, lying in the St. Lawrence River,
and contains a sulphur spring of some celebrity.
Surface slightly uneven ; soil fertile loam, based
upon lime. 28 miles N. from Canton, and 236
N. N. W. from Albany.

Massillon, 0., Stark co., is on the Ohio Canal
65 miles S. from Cleveland, and 116 N. E. from
Columbus. This place was laid out in 1826.
It is now one of the most flourishing and in-
viting places in the interior of Ohio. It is the
seat of a large commercial and manufactur-
ing business, contains iron works and flouring
mills extensive business blocks, good hotels,
fine churches, a model Union School, splendid
private residences, and all the adornments of
shrubbery, shade, and good taste, which charac-
terize an intelligent, enterprising, and prosperous
people. The location of the town on the Tus-
carawas River is a beautiful one, and affords
good soil and a variety of landscape, with choice,
sightly building spots in abundance. Many of
these are occupied and improved with rare taste.
Superior building stone abounds in the immedi-
ate vicinity of Massillon, and the public and
private improvements are of the most durable
character. A substantial stone bridge has re-
cently been finished over the Tuscarawas.

The Union School at Massillon is deservedly
the pride of all the citizens. It was one of the
first established in Ohio, and stands first in site,
building, and good management. All the chil- I

dren of the town are free scholars, and may
advance from the primary to the highest depart-
ment. Over
500 attend regularly.

Massillon is known as the Wheat City, and
justly so. No town in the state, or in the Union,
it is said, is the market of such large quantities
of wheat, direct from the hands of the producers,
as Massillon. The receipts from wagons alone
some days have been as high as thirty thousand
bushels. The Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad
running from this place to Pittsburg, Pa., and
connecting with the railroad from Cleveland
to Pittsburg, brings Massillon into connection
with all the great lines of steam communication
through the east and west.

Matagorda County, Ts., c. h. at Matagorda.
S. part. On the coast and includes both banks
of the Lower Colorado.

Matteawan, N. Y., Dutchess co. On Fishkill
Creek, a mile and a half from the landing on the
Hudson River. The creek falls
40 feet, and gives
a great water power, improved for the manufac-
ture of stuffs for hats, machinery, &c.

Matthews County, Va., c. h. at Matthews. This
county consists of a peninsula situated between
Piankatauck Bay on the N., Chesapeake Bay on
the E., Mobjack Bay on the S., and Gloucester
co. on the W.

Mauch Chunk, Pa., Carbon co. Township and
village. In the midst of the Schuylkill coal fields.
The surface is mountainous, the soil gravel.
The village is on the W. bank of the Lehigh
River, at the head of the Lehigh Canal, in a
deep and romantic ravine, between rocky moun-
tains, which rise precipitously 800 or 1000 feet
An inclined plane and a railroad 9 miles long ex-
tend to the coal mines.

Maumee City, 0-, c. h. Lucas co. On the W.
side of Maumee River, and at the head of navi-
gation, which is here interrupted by the rapids.
The place has considerable trade, for which its
location on the river, and on the Wabash and
Erie Canal, gives it good facilities. The canal
is here connected with the river by a side cut
The water power at this place is very extensive,
and is partially improved for several flouring
mills and factories. 8 miles S. from Toledo, and
124 miles N. N. W. from Columbus.

Maurice River, N. J., Cumberland co. Bounded
S. by Delaware Bay, and W. by Maurice River,
and drained by Tuckahoe and Tarkill Creeks,
tributaries of Maurice River. Surface level;
soil clay and loam on the streams, and sandy
elsewhere. 20 miles S. E. from Bridgeton.

Maury, La., c. h. Sabine parish.

Maury County, Te., c. h. at Columbia. Bounded
N. by Williamson co., E. by Marshall, S. by
Giles and Lawrence, and W. by Hickman co.
Well watered by Duck River and branches.

Maxatawny, Pa., Berks co. Drained by Maiden
Creek and its tributary Sacony Creek, both mill
streams. Surface level; soil rich calcareous
loam and gravel.
74 miles N. E. from Harrisburg.

Mayfield, N. Y., Fulton co. Watered by sev-
eral streams flowing into the Sacandaga River. It
is a hilly and mountainous town, the
N. part
being traversed by a range of hills called the
Mayfield Mountains ; soil chiefly sandy and clay
loam. 8 miles N. E. from Johnstown, and 52
N. W. from Albany.

May's Landing, N. J., c. h. Atlantic co. .Situ-
ated on both sides of Great Egg Harbor River,
at the head of sloop navigation. 16 miles from

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