river and the canal, is immense. Many large
manufacturing establishments are in operation
on both sides of the river, and much more power
remains to be applied. The quantity of flour
turned out daily by 5 or 6 extensive flouring
mills at Oswego is very large.
Eort Oswego, near the lake, on the E. side of
the river, is a strong fortification for the defence
of the harbor, occupying the site of' the old fort
of the same name, celebrated in the colonial
wars with the French. This place has been the
scene of sanguinary conflict, in every period of
hostilities with a foreign enemy.
Otego, N. Y., Otsego co. The Susquehanna
Eiver and Otsdawa Creek water this town, the
sui'face of which is somewhat hilly, with exten-
sive flats along the borders of the Susquehanna;
the soil well adapted to grass and grain. 22
miles S. W. from Cooperstown, and 86 from
Otisco, N. Y., Onondaga co. Bounded on the
W. by Otisco Lake and its inlet. Surface hilly;
soil clay loam. 15 miles S. from Syracuse, and
134 W. from Albany.
Otisfield, Me., Cumberland co. This town is
watered by Crooked River, which empties into Se-
bago Lake. The soil is very good. It lies 82
miles S. S. W. from Augusta, and 32 N. N. W.
Otis, Ms., Berkshire co. The territory of Otis
comprises that of the old town of Loudon,
which was incorporated in 1773, and the old dis-
trict of Bethlehem. The two were united by
an act of incorporation, in 1810, and named in
honor of the venerable Harrison Gray Otis, of
Boston, then speaker of the House of Representa-
tives. The surface is uneven, and in some parts
too elevated for cultivation. There are, however,
many tracts of good tillage land, and an abun-
dance of feed for cattle. The town is well stored
with forests of hard wood, and granite. There
are in the town a number of large and beautiful
ponds, which, with a small stream from Becket,
form the head waters of Farmington River.
These waters furnish the town with good mill
seats. From the village in the S. part of the
town to the Becket depot, on the Western Rail-
road, is about 10 miles ; from thence to Boston,
Otsego, Mn., Allegan co. Watered by the Kal-
amazoo River, which here affords good water
power. 149 miles W. by N. from Detroit.
Otsego County, N. Y., c. h. at Otsego. Formed
from Montgomery co, in 1791. It is bounded N.
by Oneida, Herkimer, and Montgomery, E. by
Schoharie and Delaware, S. by Delaware, and W.
by Chenango and Madison counties. Watered
by Otsego and Canaderaga or Schuyler's Lakes,
from which flows the E. branch of the Susque-
hanna River, by Cherry Valley, Otego, and But-
ternut Creeks, and by the Unadilla River, which
forms its W. boundary. Surface elevated, hilly,
and in some parts mountainous; soil various,
but mostly fertile. This county contains abun-
dance of fine marble, and several sulphur
Otsego, N. Y., c. h. Otsego co. Bounded on
the E. by Otsego, and N. W. by Canaderaga
Lake, and drained by Oak Creek, a fine mill
stream, and the outlet of the last-named lake.
Surface hilly; soil well adapted to the growth of
grass and grain. 66 miles W. from Albany.
Otselic, N. Y., Chenango co. Otselic River
waters this town, the surface of which is hilly,
and the soil clay loam, well adapted to grass. 15
miles N. W. from Norwich, and 105 W. from
Ottawa County, Mil., c. h. Grand Haven.
Bounded N. by Oceana and Neewaggo counties,
E. by Kent co., S. by Allegan co., and W. by
Lake Michigan. Drained by Grand River and
its branches, and Maskegon River. Surface un-
dulating, with sand bluffs bordering the lake;
Ottawa County, 0., c. h. at Port Clinton.
N. W. part of the state. Has Lake Erie on the
N., and Sandusky Bay on the S. E. Watered
by Portage and Touissiant Rivers. Level and
Vinton County, 0., ,c. h. at McArthur. West
central part of the state.
Otto, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. Bounded on the
N. and W. by Cattaraugus Creek and its branches.
The surface is rough and elevated; soil well
adapted to grass and grain. 10 miles N. W.
from Ellicottville, and 300 W. from Albany.
Ottowa, Is., La Salle co. On both sides of the
Illinois at the confluence of Fox River. For 8
or 9 miles below this place, the Illinois is not
navigable for steamboats, except at high water,
owing to the rapids. 133 miles N. N. E. from
Springfield. Possesses an extensive water power.
The Illinois Canal passes through it.
Ottumwa, la., c. h. Wapello co.
Ouachita County, As., c. h. at Camden. South-
ern part. The Ouachita flows through it from
N. to S.
Outagamie County, Wn. Taken from Brown
Overton County, Te., c. h. at Livingston. Bound-
ed N. by Kentucky, E. by Fentress co., S. by
Putnam, and W. by Jackson co. Drained by
Obies River and tributaries and Roaring Creek.
Ovid, N. Y., Seneca co. Half shire town,
lying between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes, and
watered by several fine mill streams. The sur-
face is elevated in the centre, sloping E. and W.
towards the lakes ; the soil suitable for grass and
grain. 171 miles W. from Albany.
Owasco, N. Y., Cayuga co. Bounded on the
W. by Owasco Lake, and-drained by a few small
streams. Surface rolling; soil fertile loam. 3
miles S. E. from Auburn, and 164 W. from
Owego, N. Y., c. h. Tioga co. The Susque-
hanna River here receives Owego Creek and
several other streams. The surface is somewhat
hilly, with extensive flats along the Susquehanna;
soil fertile. 167 miles S. W. from Albany.
Owen County, Ky., c. h. at Owenton. Bounded
N. by Carroll and Gallatin counties, E. by Grant
and Pendleton, S. by Scott and Franklin, and W.
by the Kentucky River, separating it from Henry
co. Drained by Eagle Creek.
Owen County, la., c. h. at Spencer. Bounded
N. by Putnam, E. by Morgan and Monroe, S. by
Green, and W. by Clay co. Drained by the W.
fork of White River and • its branches, and by
Mill Creek, a branch of Eel River, which afford
great hydraulic power. Surface undulating, con-
taining iron ore; soil fertile.
Owensboro', Ky., c. h. Daviess co. On the S.
side of Ohio River. 56 miles W. S. W. from
Owenton, Ky., c. h. Owen co.
Owingville, Ky., c. h. Bath co. On a branch of