Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 515

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Some Germans, from Pennsylvania, settled here
about the years 1802 and 1803. Muskingum and
Hockhocking Eivers are in this county. Stone
coal is found in some parts.

Perry County, Pa., c. h. at Bloomfield. Bound-
ed N. W. and N. by Juniata co., E. by the Sus-
quehanna Eiver, separating it from Dauphin co.,
S. by Cumberland and Franklin counties, and
W. by Huntingdon co. Drained by Juniata Eiv-
er and Sherman's Creek. On Sherman's Creek,
11 miles N. from Carlisle, is a warm spring, bene-
ficial in cutaneous and other disorders, which dis-
charges 90 gallons of water in a minute. Sur-
face rough and mountainous soil very fertile.

Perry, Pa., Armstrong co. The Alleghany
Eiver, and its tributary, Clarion Eiver, water
this town, which contains iron ore.

Perry, Pa., Jefferson co. Watered by Maho-
ning and Little Sandy Lick Creeks. Surface un-
dulating ; soil gravel and loam.

Perry County, Te., c. h. at Perrysville. Bounded
N. by Benton and Humphreys counties, E. by
S. by Wayne and Hardin, and W. by
Henderson co. Drained by Tennessee Eiver and
several small branches, and by Buffalo, a tribu
tary of Duck Eiver.

Perry's Mills, Ga., c. h. Tatnal co. 144 miles
E. from Milledgeville.

Perrysburg, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. Drained
by several small streams flowing into Cattarau-
gus Creek, which bounds it on the N. Surface
broken: soil well adapted to grass and grain.
20 miles N. W. from Ellicottville, and 306 W.
from Albany.

Perrysburg, O., c. h. Wood co., was laid out
in 1817. On the Maumee Eiver. at the head of
steamboat navigation, on an inclined plane, 60
feet above the S. E. bank of Maumee Eiver,
from which is one of the most delightful pros-
pects in the United States. 184 miles N. from
Cincinnati, and 64 S. from Detroit. The Wa-
bash and Erie Canal passes on the opposite side
of the river.

Perryrille, As., c. h. Perry co. On the N. side
of La Feve, a branch of Arkansas Eiver. 55
miles W. N. W. from Little Eock.

Persia, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. Watered by
some branches of Cattaraugus Creek, which
bounds it on the N. Surface undulating: soil
good clay and gravelly loam. 16 miles N. W.
from Ellicottville, and 300 W. from-Albany.

Person County, N. C., c. h. at Eoxboro'. It is
bounded N. by Virginia, E. by Granville, S. by
Orange, and W. by Caswell co. Some branches
of Dan Eiver, and the head branches of Neuse
Eiver, water this county.

Perth Amboy, N. J., Middlesex co. City and
port of entry. Situated at the head of Earitan
Bay, at the junction of the Earitan Eiver with
Arthurkill, or Staten Island Sound. It has a
fine spacious harbor, containing 12 feet of water
at the mouths of the rivers, and from 24 to 26 in
the main channel. The town was laid out in
1698, and incorporated as a city in 1784. 25
miles from New York by water, and 65 from
Philadelphia by the New York and Philadelphia

Perth, N. Y., Fulton co. Drained by Chucte-
nunda Creek. Has a rolling surface; soil clay
loam. 10 miles E. from Johnstown, and 40 N. W.
from Albany.

Peru, Is., La Salle co. Situated on the right
bank of the Hlinois Eiver, at the foot of the

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rapids, 212 miles above its mouth, and about 250
miles above St. Louis. This, in ordinary stages
of the water, was formerly considered as the head
of steamboat navigation; but by an improvement
of the channel, the boats now pass about a mile
farther up, to the village of La Salle, where the
canal from Lake Michigan unites with the river.
There is a considerable village here, the principal
street of which is low, running along the river
bank, while other portions of it are spread over
the elevated grounds immediately behind. The
locality is favorable to business.

Peru, la., c. h. Miami co. On the N. bank of *
Wabash, and is crossed by the Wabash and Erie
90 miles N. from Indianapolis.

Peru, Me., Oxford co. Peru is bounded on the
N. by Androscoggin Eiver, and contains some
pleasant ponds and mill streams. It has a good
soil. Incorporated 1821. Peru lies 38 miles W.
by N. from Augusta, and 17 N. by E. from

Peru, Ms., Berkshire co. This township in-
cluded the greater part of Hinsdale until
The whole was purchased at auction, at Boston,
2, 1762, for 1460 pounds. It went into the
hands of Oliver Partridge and Elisha Jones, and,
in honor of the former gentleman, was called
Partridgefield, from its incorporation, in
until 1806, when it received its present name.
The settlement commenced about
1764. This
town, occupying the height of land on the Green
Mountain range, has a cold, severe climate. The
surface is uneven, and the soil hard and stony,
and best adapted to grazing. There is an excel-
lent limestone quarry here. 12 miles E. from
Pittsfield, and
143 from Boston.

Peru, N. Y., Clinton co. On the border of
Lake Champlain, and watered by Great and
Little Au Sable Eivers. Surface
mostly level on
the E., and hilly on the W.; soil sandy and clay
10 miles S. W. from Plattsburg, and 153
N. from Albany.

Peru, Vt., Bennington co. This is a Green
Mountain township, high and broken. It con-
tains 2 large fish ponds, from which issue beau-
tiful mountain streams. The settlement was
commenced about the year 1773, by William
Barton, from Woodstock, Ct. 30 miles N. N.

E. from Bennington, and 30 S. W. from Wind-

Peterboro', N. H., Hillsboro' co. Peterboro'
lies in a N. E. direction from the Grand Monad-
nock, and is bounded on the E. by a chain of
hills, called
Pack Monadnock. Contoocook Eiver
passes through the centre of the town. The N.
branch affords a never-failing supply of water,
and furnishes those noble falls, on which are situ-
ated several factories. There are extensive and
valuable meadows on this branch, above these
falls; and the soil, generally, is excellent. In the
centre of the town is a high hill, 200 feet above
the river. The chain of hills on the E. is dis-
tinguished by two principal summits. Between
these is a depression of a quarter part of the
mountain's height. About
60 rods W. of the
ridge of this depression, on a terrace of the moun-
tain, is a pond of about
9 acres' extent, very deep,
and replenished with fish. There is another pond
near the foot of the southern summit, of
33 acres,
from which, during the dry season, there is no
visible outlet. Excellent iron ore has been dis-
covered. First settlers, William Eolfe, Alex-
ander Scott, Hugh Gregg, William Scott, and

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