Pickens District, S. C., Pickens Court House,
seat of justice. Bounded N. by North Carolina,
E. by the Saluda River, separating it from Green-
ville district, S. by Anderson district, and W. by
the Tugaloo River, separating it from Georgia.
Drained by Seneca River, a branch of the Tuga-
*oo. Surface hilly and mountainous.
Pickens, S. C., c. h. Pickens district. 130 miles
N. W. by W. from Columbia.
Piermont, N. II., Grafton co. The soil, es-
pecially on the Connecticut, is good. The inter-
vales are extensive, and favorable to the growth
of grain. Back from the river is fine grazing and
mowing land, well watered with brooks and
springs. In the N. E. part of the town are 3
considerable ponds, called Eastman's Ponds.
From these issue Eastman's Brook, valuable for
mill sites. Indian Brook, on which mills are
erected, is in the S. part. A mine of valuable
iron ore is found here. This town was granted,
in 1764, to John Temple and 59 others, and was
first settled in 1770. 75 miles N. N. W. from
Concord, and about 10 S. from Haverhill.
Piermont, N. Y., Rockland co. A village in
Orangetown, on the W. side of the Hudson River,
24 miles N. from the city of New York. The
Erie Railroad, extending from Dunkirk on Lake
Erie, a distance of 445 miles, strikes the Hudson
at this place, whence is a communication to New
York by steamboats. For the accommodation
of this route, a long pier has been erected, ex-
tending about a mile from the main land, over
which the cars run to the extreme end, thus con-
necting with the boats and barges which run to
and from the city at all seasons of the year. The
freight trains pass this way. The mail and pas-
senger trains from the W. take the railroad
through New Jersey, from a point 18 miles W.
of Piermont, to Jersey City. See Dunkirk.
This flourishing village lies in a narrow valley,
through which flows the Sparkill Creek, affording
a considerable water power, which is improved
to some extent for mills and manufactories. The
Palisades terminate here, towards the N., in an
abrupt hill, which circumstance, in connection
with the piers erected at this place, very naturally
suggested the name of Piermont.
Pierrepont, N. Y., St. Lawrence co. This large
town is watered by Racket, Grass, and Oswe-
gatchie Rivers. The surface and soil are diver-
sified. 8 miles E. from Canton, and 213 N. W.
Pike County, Aa., c. h. at Troy. Bounded N.
by Montgomery and Macon counties, E. by Pea
River, separating it from Barbour co., S. by Dale
and Coffee, and W. by Butler and Lowndes coun-
ties. Drained by Conecuh River and branches.
Pike County, As., c. h. at Murfreesboro'. It is
bounded N. by Montgomery, E. by Clark, S. by
Hempstead, and W. by Sevier and Polk counties.
Watered by branches of the Little Missouri
Pike County, Ga,., c. h. at Zebulon. Bounded
N. by Fayette and Henry counties, E. by Butts
and Monroe, S. by Upson co., and W. by Anhau,
a branch of Flint River, separating it from Merri-
wether and Coweta counties.
Pike County, Is., c. h. at Pittsfield. Bounded
N. by Adams, Marquette and Brown counties, E.
by the Illinois River, separating it from Morgan,
Scott, and Greene counties, S. by Calhoun co.,
and S. W. and W. by the Mississippi River, sepa-
rating it from Missouri. Drained by several
small creeks, which afford hydraulic power. Sny-
cartee Slough passes along the Mississippi Rivet
through this county; and on McKee's Creek is a
salt spring 20 feet in diameter.
Pike County, la., c. h. at Petersburg. Incor-
porated in 1816. Bounded N. by White River,
separating it from Knox and Daviess counties, E.
by Dubois co., S. by Warwick, and W. by Gibson
co. Drained by Tatoka River and Flat Creek.
Surface undulating; soil fertile.
Pike County, Ky., c. h. at Piketon. Bounded
N. by Johnson co. and Big Sandy River, sepa-
rating it from Virginia, E. and S. by Virginia,
and W. by Floyd co. Traversed by the W. fork
of Big Sandy River. . The Cumberland Ridge
crosses its S. W. corner.
Pike County, Mi., c. h. at Holmesville. Bounded
N. by Lawrence co., E. by Marion co., S. by Lou-
isiana, and W. by Amite co. Bogue Chitto
River and its branches, and Tangiapaho River
water this county.
Pike County, Mo., c. h. at Bowling Green.
Bounded N. E. and E. by the Mississippi River,
separating it from Illinois, S. by Lincoln and
Montgomery counties, and W. and N. W. by
Audrain and Ralls counties. Drained by Salt,
and a branch of Cuivr River.
Pike, N. Y., Alleghany co. Watered by East-
koy and Westkoy Creeks. Surface rolling; soil
rich mould. 20 miles N. from Angelica, and 255
AV. from Albany.
Pike County, 0., c. h. at Piketon. Ross co.
is on the N., Jackson on the E., Scioto and Adams
on the S., and Highland on the W. The most
important streams are Pee Pee, Sunfish, Camp
Creek, AVilson's Run, and Beaver Creek. The
land is excellent for farming. Several antiqui-
ties are found here, one of which is supposed
to have been a fort. It is about 1 mile AV. of
Piketon, and consists of 2 parallel walls of earth,
about 15 feet high and 80 rods in length. Stone
coal and iron ore are found in some parts of the
Pike County, Pa., c. h. at Milford. Bounded
N. E. and S. E. by the Delaware River, separat-
ing it from New York and New Jersey, S. by
Monroe co., and AV. and N. W. by Wayne co.
Drained by the Lackawaxen and several small
mill streams. Along the valley of the Lacka-
waxen runs the Delaware and Hudson Canal.
Surface rough and mountainous; soil fertile on
the Delaware, but elsewhere rather sterile.
Pike, Pa., Berks co. Drained by the head
branches of Manatawny Creek, which afford hy-
draulic power. Surface uneven; soil gravelly
Pike, Pa., Bedford co. Wyalusing Creek and
its branches water this town. Surface hilly; soil
gravelly loam. 158 miles N. from Harrisburg.
Piketon, 0., c. h. Pike co. On the E. side of
Scioto River. 19 miles S. from Chillicothe, and
64 S. from Columbus.
Pikeville, Aa., c. h. Monroe co.
Pikeville, Te., c. h. Bledsoe co. On high ground,
a little W. from Sequatchy River, and 112 miles
E. S. E. from Nashville.
Piles Grove, N. J., Salem co. Salem Creek,
a good mill stream, waters this town. Surface
level; soil clay and loam. 10 miles N. E. from
Pilot HiU, As., c. h. Fulton co.
Pinckney, N. Y., Lewis co. Watered by Deer
River and Sandy Creek. A level town, with a