Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 543

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of Braintree until its incorporation, in 1793. It
was named in honor of Peyton Randolph, of
Virginia, the first president of the American Con-
gress. Part of PunkapogPond lies in the town,
and the Manatiquot River rises here, but the town
is quite destitute of water power. It is largely en-
gaged in the shoe manufacture. The land is ele-
vated between the waters of Massachusetts Bay
and Taunton River. The surface is undulating,
and the soil strong and productive. There are 2
pleasant and flourishing villages hi • the tow*, E.
and W., a short distance apart, between which
passes the Boston and Fall River Railroad. 14
miles S. from Boston.

Randolph County, Mo., c. h. at Huntsville.
Bounded N. by Macon, E. by Monroe and Au-
drain, S. by Boone and Howard, and W. by Char-
iton co. Drained by the E. fork of Chariton
River and Silver Creek, both branches of the
Missouri. Surface level; soil fertile.

Union Square, enclosing an area of 10 acres, 4
broad streets, 99 feet wide, extend, dividing the
city into 4 quarters. In the centre of each of
these quarters is another square of 4 acres, with
streets running therefrom and intersecting the
quarters in a similar manner. These streets are
66 feet wide.

The State House at Raleigh is considered as
surpassing that of any other state in the Union
in the completeness1, and beauty of its architectu-
ral design. It is finely located in the centre of
Union Square, and is constructed after the model
of the Parthenon at Athens, 166 feet long by 90
feet in width, and is surrounded by massive gran-
ite columns, 5£ feet in diameter and 30 feet high.
The building is crowned with a beautiful dome.
The legislative chambers are spacious and con-
venient. The cost of erecting this splendid edifice
was about $500,000. The former State House at
Raleigh was consumed by fire in 1831, and with
it was destroyed a beautiful marble statue of
Washington by Canova. The other public build-
ings are the court house and jail, the governor's
house, the office of the secretary of state, a thea-
tre, a market, 2 or 3 banks, and several churches.
A railroad extends from Raleigh to Hicksford,
about 90 miles N. E., where it connects with the
railroad route from Wilmington to Petersburg, Ya.

Raleigh, Te., c. h. Shelby co. 220 miles W.
S. W. from Nashville.    j

Raleigh County, Ya. New. Taken from Pay-
ette. W. central. Mountainous. Watered by
tributaries of the New River, or Upper Kenhawa.

Ralls County, Mo., c. h. at New London.
Drained by Salt River and its branches. Surface
undulating; soil fertile. Washed on the E. by
the Mississippi River.

Ramapo, N. Y., Rockland co. Ramapo and
Saddle Rivers water this town, the surface of
which is hilly and mountainous, and the soil fer-
tile in the valleys. The New York and Erie Rail-
road passes through this town. 132 miles S. from

Ramsay County, Ma., c. h. at St. Paul's. In the
angle between the St. Croix and the Mississippi.

Randolph County, Aa., c. h. at McDonald. In the
E. part of the State. Drained by the Tallaposa.

Randolph County, As., c. h. at Pocahontas.
Bounded N. by Missouri, E. by Greene co., and
S. and W. by Lawrence co. The head branches
of Big Black River water this county.

Randolph County, Ga., c. h. at Cuthbert. Incor-
porated in 1828. Bounded N. by Stewart, E. by
Lee, S. by Baker and Early counties, and W. by
the Chattahoochee River, separating it from Al-
abama. Drained by Petawlah Creek and branches
of Flint River.

Randolph County, Is., c. h. at Kaskaskia. This
is the oldest county in the state, with the excep-
tion of St. Clair. It is bounded N. by St. Clair
and Washington counties, E. by Berry and Jack-
son, S. and S. W. by the Mississippi River, sepa-
rating it from Missouri, and W. by Monroe co.
Drained by Kaskaskia River and tributaries, and
by St. Mary, Horse, and other small creeks. The
surface and soil are diversified.

Randolph County, la., c. h. at Winchester.
Bounded N. by Jay co., E. by Ohio, S. by Wayne
co., and W. by Henry and Delaware counties. It
is drained by the Missisinewa and the W. fork of
White River, has an undulating surface, and a
fine soil.

Randolph, Ms., Norfolk co., was the S. parish

Randolph, N. II., Coos co. Until 1824 this town
was called Durand. It is situated directly under
N. end of the White Mountains. Branches
of Israel's and Moose Rivers pass through it. The
soil is in some parts good. Fisrt settlers : this
town was granted in
1772 to John Durand and
others, of London.
120 miles N. from Concord,
and about
20 S. E. from Lancaster.

Randolph, N. J., Morris co. A branch of
j Rockaway River and the head branches of
Black River water this town. Surface mountain-
ous, having Schooley's Mountain in the N., and
Trowbridge Mountain in the S. part. Magnetic
iron ore of excellent quality is found here. 7
miles N. W. from Morristown.

Randolph, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. Watered by
the Alleghany River and some of its branches.
Surface hilly: soil suitable for grazing. 20 miles
S. W. from Ellicottville, and 312 S. of W. from

Randolph County, N. C., c. h. at Ashboro'.
Bounded N. by Guilford co., E. by Chatham, S.
by Moore and Montgomery, and W. by Davidson
co. Deep River and branches, and some branch-
es of the Yadkin, water this county. Surface
varied ; soil fertile.

Randolph, Vt., Orange co. Randolph is one
of the best farming towns in the state, and is
watered by the second and third branch of White
River. These streams and their tributaries afford
a number of advantageous situations for mills.
There is a variety of timber. The surface is
considerably elevated, and the soil productive.
There are here 3 pleasant villages, one in the
centre of the town, another in the eastern, and
the other in the western part. The centre vil-
lage is very handsomely situated on elevated
ground. The West Randolph Academy was in-
corporated in 1847. This town was chartered in
1781, and was settled 3 or 4 years before. 23 miles
S. from Montpelier, and 9 S. W. from Chelsea.
The Central Railroad passes through the town.

Randolph County, Va., c. h. at Beverly. Bound-
ed N. by Preston, E. by Hardy and Pendleton,
S. by Pocahontas, and W. by Braxton, Lewis,
and Barbour counties. Drained by Cheat River
and East Fork, head branches of the Mononga-
hela River. Laurel and Cheat Mountains trav-
erse this county from N. to S.

Rangely, Me., Franklin co. This town lies on
the Androscoggin River, and at the outlet of
Oquossack Lake. It is about 40 miles N.
from Farmington.















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