Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 678

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this grand avenue among the highlands of the
north. For a particular description of this
Notch, see p. 266.

5. From New York, via Connecticut River.—
From New York to Hartford, Ct., by railroad, via
New Haven, the distance is 118 miles; thence to
Springfield, 26 miles ; to Northampton, 17 miles ;
to Greenfield, 19 miles; to Brattleboro, 25 miles ;
to Bellows Falls, 24 miles; to Windsor, 17 miles;
to White River, 14 miles; to Hanover, Dart-
mouth College, and Norwich University, 6 miles ;
to Wells River, 34 miles — making an uninter-
rupted route by railroad, from New York to this
place, of 300 miles. From Wells River to Lit-
tleton, the distance by stage is 12 miles. From
Littleton, the route to the White Mountain House
is as before described, and the distance 18 miles.
Whole distance from New York, 330 miles.

This is one of the most pleasant routes of
travel which can be chosen in any direction from
New York. The lovely scenery and rich culti-
vation of the Connecticut valley, with the flour-
ishing towns lying at brief intervals on both sides
of the river, only a small part of which have
been named above, present a landscape which for
wealth, beauty, and extent, is not surpassed by
any in the United States.

6. From New York, via Hudson River, Saratoga,
and Whitehall. — Another route from New York
to the White Mountains is up the North River,
to Albany, 145 miles; thence by railroad to
Schenectady, 16 miles; to Ballston Spa, 14 miles;
to Saratoga Springs, 7 miles. Or from Albany,
via Troy, to Saratoga, 37 miles. From Sara-
toga by railroad, to Whitehall, at the south-
ern extremity of Lake Champlain, 40 miles;
thence by railroad, via Castleton, to Rutland, 25
miles ; thence to Bellows Falls, 55 miles, where
the route connects with the Connecticut River
route, described in No. 5. The whole distance
from New York to the White Mountain House,
by this route, is 403 miles.

Those who may prefer to do so can take the
steamboats from Whitehall, on Lake Champlain,
to Burlington, Vt., 78 miles ; thence by railroad
to Montpelier, the capital of Vermont, 40 miles ;
and thence to the junction with the Connecticut
River route, at the mouth of White River, 52
miles below Littleton, N. H.

Another beautiful variation of this route from
New York is that by the way of Lake George,
which leaves the railroad at the
Moreau Station,
16 miles north of Saratoga Springs, and thence
by stage over a plank road to Caldwell, at the
southern extremity of the lake, 14 miles. A
steamboat daily plies on Lake George, to meet
the boats on Lake Champlain, at Ticonderoga.

Nothing in the way of travelling excursions,
for the distance over which you pass, combines a
greater and more pleasing variety of gratifica-
tions, from scenery, society, and art, than this
route from New York to the White Mountains,
by whichever of the variations above mentioned
it is pursued. Common to them all is the de-
lightful trip up the North River, and the visit to
the Springs, in respect to which the reader, if
not already acquainted with these celebrated
resorts, will find interesting particulars given
under the descriptions of the same, on pp. 201
and 289. For a description of Lake George, see
also p. 195.

The distance from New York to the White
Mountains, via Boston, 216 miles, and thence by

the shortest route, via Dover and Winnipiseogeo
Lake, to the White Mountain House, 174 miles,
is 390 miles.


These are the most celebrated and the most gen-
erally visited of all the mineral springs of Vir-
ginia, and are to the south what Saratoga is to the
north. They are situated on a branch of the
Greenbrier River, in the county of the same name,
on the western declivity of the Alleghany ridge,
some 6 or 8 miles from the summit of the moun-
tains. They are in an elevated and beautifully "
picturesque valley, hemmed in by mountains on
every side. Thousands resort to them annually
either to enjoy the benefit of the waters, or in
pursuit of recreation and amusement.

According to an analysis of the waters by
Professor Rodgers, the solid matter procured by
evaporation from 100 cubic inches weighs 63.54
grains, composed of sulphate of lime, sulphate
of magnesia, sulphate of soda, carbonate of lime,
carbonate of magnesia, chloride of magnesium,
chloride of sodium, chloride of calcium, peroxide
of iron, phosphate of lime, sulphate and hydrate
of sodium, organic matter, precipitated sulphur,
iodine. The gaseous matter consists of sulphu-
retted hydrogen, carbonic acid, nitrogen, and oxy-
gen. It is obvious, from this analysis, that the
water must exert a very positive agency upon the
system. Its remedial virtues extend chiefly to
diseases of the liver, kidneys, alimentary canal,
and to scrofula, rheumatism, and neuralgia.

This place was known to the aborigines as one
of the most important licks of the deer and elk.
The fame of an extraordinary cure, in 1772, ex-
perienced by a woman whose disease had .baffled
all medical skill, and who was brought hefe on a
litter 40 miles, attracted many sick persons to
the spring; and from that time it has been grow-
ing in favor with the public.

A visitor to the springs thus describes the
place: —

“ Nature has done every thing to make this an
enchanting spot. The valley opens about half a
mile in breadth, winding in length from east to
west, with graceful undulations, beyond the eye's
reach. The fountain issues from the foot of a
gentle slope, terminating in the low interval upon
a small and beautiful river. The ground ascends
from the spring eastward, rising to a considerable
eminence on the left, and spreading east and
south into a wide and beautifql lawn. The lawn
and walks cover perhaps fifty acres; A few rods
from the spring, at the right, are the hotel, the
dining hall, the ball-room: all the rest of the
ground is occupied mainly with cabins. These
are rows of contiguous buildings, one story high,
mostly of wood, some of brick, and a few of
hewed logs whitewashed. The framed cabins
are all painted white. Directly to the right of
the spring, and very near it, is Spring Row ; far-
ther eastward, with a continuous piazza, shaded
with vines, is Virginia Row; at right angles with
this, crossing the lawn in the middle, is South
Carolina Row; heading the eastern extremity of
the lawn is Bachelor's Row; on the north side of
the lawn, beginning nearest the spring, are Ala-
bama, Louisiana, Paradise, and Baltimore Rows
— the last of which is the most elegant in the
place. Without the enclosure, southward from
the fountain, is Broadway ; and a little west from
this, on the Guyandot road, is Wolf Row. The

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