Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 679

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appearance of these cabins, or cottages, painted,
decorated, looking forth from the green foliage,
and tastefully arranged, is beautiful and impos-
ing. The fountain is covered with a stately
Doric dome, sustained by twelve large pillars,
and surmounted with a colossal statue of Hygeia,
looking towards the rising sun.''

There are numerous routes to the Ya. springs,
all of which within a few years have been greatly
improved. One of the pleasantest and most ex-
peditious routes from Baltimore is by the rail-
road thence to Harper's Ferry ; thence by railroad
to Winchester; thence by stage to Staunton.
From Staunton there are two routes, one directly
across the mountains, to the warm and hot
springs; the other, via Lexington, to the Natural
Bridge, and thence to the White Sulphur Springs.
These springs are 304 miles W. of Baltimore.

Another route from Baltimore is by Washing-
ton city, and thence by steamer to Acquia Creefe
and over the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and
Louisa Railroads, to Gordonsville. From this
place the route is by stage, via Charlottesville, to
Staunton, and thence to the springs by either of
the two routes described above.

Travellers from the states S. of Va. take the
railroad at Wilmington, N. C., for Richmond.
They have thence a conveyance by the canal, 150
miles, to Lynchburg, and thence by stage, either
over the road leading by the Natural Bridge, or
by the way of Liberty, Fincastle, and the Sweet
Springs, to the White Sulphur.

The usual route to the Ya. springs, from the
W. and S. W., is by leaving the steamboats on
the Ohio River, at Guyandotte, and thence pro-
ceeding by stage to the springs. From Guyan-
dotte to the White Sulphur Springs, the distance
is about 160 miles.


See Wheeling.


This lake possesses singular charms. How-
ever romantic and beautiful Lake George, the
charmer of all travellers, appears in its elevation,
the purity of its waters, its depth, its rapid outlet,
its 365 islands which bespangle its bosom, its
mountain scenery, its fish, its mineralogy, still,
in all but its historic fame, it has a rival at the
east, in the Winnipiseogee of New Hampshire.

There are more than forty different ways of
spelling the name of this lake, as might be shown
by quoting the authorities. It was formerly
written as though it had six syllables; but the
pronunciation which has generally obtained with
those best acquainted with the region of the lake,
and the Indian pronunciation of the name, was

The lake is in the counties of Belknap and
Carrol. Its form is very irregular. At the west
end it is divided into three large bays; on the
north is a fourth; and at the east end there are
three others. Its general course is from north-
west to south-east; its length is about 25 miles,
and it varies in width from one to ten miles.
This lake is environed by the pleasant towns of
Moultonboro', Tuftonboro', Wolfeboro', Centre
Harbor, Meredith, Gilford, and Alton, and over-
looked by other delightful towns.

The waters of the Winnipiseogee are remark-
ably pure, and its depth in some places is said to
be unfathomable. Its sources are principally
from springs within its bosom. Its outlet is the
rapid river of its own name. Its height above
the level of the sea is 472 feet. It is stored with
a great variety of excellent fish ; in the summer
season, steamboats, sloops, and smaller vessels
ply on its waters, and in the winter season it
presents an icy expansion of great usefulness
and beauty.

Like Casco Bay and Lake George, this lake is
said to contain 365 islands. Without supposing
the days of the year to have been consulted on
the subject, the number is very great, several of
which comprise farms of from 200 to 500 acres,
the product of some of which, under good culti-
vation, has been, extraordinary as it may seem,
as high as 113 bushels of corn to the acre.

The waters of this lake not only serve as a
lovely ornament to the scenery of this region,
and as a means of recreation and amusement to
the mnltitude who pass and repass upon them,
hut answer an important purpose as a great res-
ervoir of power for the extensive manufacturing
establishments at Manchester-, Lowell, and other
places which are located on the Merrimac River,
its outlet to the sea. The fall of this immense
body of water, in its passage to the ocean, is so
great that its power for manufacturing purposes
can hardly be computed.

The route from Portland to this beautiful in-
land water is by railroad to Dover, N. H., 42
miles, and thence by railroad to Alton Bay, 28
miles; whole distance from Portland, 70 miles.
From Alton Bay a fine steamer runs over the
lake to Wolfboro', and to Centre Harbor, at dif-
ferent points on the opposite shore, and also to
Weir's Station, at its south-western extremity,
where the Boston, Concord and Montreal Rail-
road passes. At Wolfboro' and at Centre Har-
bor there are excellent hotels for the entertain-
ment of travellers ; and both of these places are
points of departure from the lake, on different
routes for the White Mountains. For routes from
Boston and other places, converging to these
points, the reader is referred to Routes to the
White Mountains, p. 296.

The facility with which this charming lake is
now reached, by the various routes from our large
cities on the sea-coast, cannot fail to render the
region of its fertile shores, at no distant day, an
eligible locality for the country seats of persons
of taste and wealth ; where they may come and
enjoy, if any where on earth, through the ex-
pression of natural scenery, that which it is said
the Indians meant by the name
The smile of the Great Spirit.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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