esteems them part of a chain of forti-
Thornborough, N. R. (2) a ham-
let in the township of Brough, parish
of Catterick, wapentake of Hang East,
If mile N.W. from Catterick.
Thornborough, N. R. (2) a town-
ship in the parish of South Kilvington,
wapentake of Birdforth, 3 miles N.E.
from Thirsk ; inhabitants, 27.
Thornborough Hill, W. R. (8)
a hamlet in the township and parish of
Maltby, wapentake of Strafforth and
Tickhill, 3 miles S. from Tickhill.
Thornborough, North, W. R.
(5) a hamlet in the township and parish
of Allerton Mauleverer, wapentake of
Claro, 5 miles S. from Boroughbridge.
Thorncliffe, W. R. (8) a hamlet
in the township and parish of Kirk
Burton, wapentake of Agbrigg, 6 miles
S. W. from Dewsbury.
Thorne, W. R. (8) a parish, town-
ship, and market town, in the wapen-
take of Strafforth and Tickhill, 7 miles
S. from Snaith, 30 S. from York,
166 from London ; inhabitants, 3463 ;
a perpetual curacy; patron, the Earl
of Portmore ; market, Wednesday ;
fairs, Monday and Tuesday after June
11, and Monday and Tuesday after Oc-
tober 11. Thorne is situated in a fruit-
ful country, about a quarter of a mile
from the river Don, and carries on
a considerable commerce; ships are
built at Thorne Quay and Hangmans
Hill, which trade directly to London, In
the neighbourhood are vast moors and
swamps, which, however, are mostly
drained, and many of them enclosed;
in them oak trees have been found, with
wedges and broken axe-heads, as also
many Roman coins ; some antiquaries
have considered these remains as the
work of the Romans, to prevent the
sudden irruption of the Britons; but
the converse opinion seems rather more
probable. A canal fro in the Don to
the Trent passes near the town. The
greatest part of the country surround-
ing Thorne is so low and flat, that
strong and high banks, enclosing the
river, are necessary to prevent it from
frequent inundations : the air, how-
ever, does not seem affected by the
humidity of the soil, as the tables of
mortality differ little from other parts
of the county. The parish and town-
ship are co-extensive.
Thorner, W. R. (5) a parish and
township in the wapentake of Skyrack,
7 miles N. from Leeds; inhabitants,
708 ; a vicarage, value 8/. 3s. Ad.; pa-
tron, the King. The parish contains
the townships of Scarcroft and Shad-
well. Entire population, 1010.
Thorney Brow, N. R. (3) a ham-
let in the township and parish of Fy-
lingdales, wapentake of Whitby Strand,
8 miles S. E. from Whitby.
Thorn gum bald, E. R. (9) a town-
ship in the parish of Paul, wapentake
of Holderness, 2§ miles S. E. from
Hedon; inhabitants, 259 ; a chapelry
to Paul. The village is said to have been
formerly called Thorn cum Paul, and
thence corrupted into Thorngumbald.
Thornhill, W. R. (8) a parish
and township in the wapentake of Ag-
brigg, 2 miles S. from Dewsbury; in-
habitants, 1932; a rectory, value 40/.;
patron, the Hon. and Rev. J. Lumley
Savile. Here is a grammar school,
founded by the Rev. C. Greenwood,
in the reign of Charles I. Thornhill
stands on an eminence, on the south
side of the Calder, commanding exten-
sive views along its picturesque banks.
A branch of the Savile family was long
resident in this place; their seat, an
ancient embattled mansion, was demo-
lished by the forces of the parliament
in the civil wars ; a mere fragment yet
remains. On the north side of the
church is the chapel of the Saviles,
which boasts a noble collection of the
monuments of that ancient race : the
last descendant of this branch, Sir
George Savile, many years the pa-
triotic representative of the county,