New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 282
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exasperated by rocks and precipitated
into cataracts, nor does it become fit
for navigation till within twenty miles
of its junction with the Ouse.

Wharncliffe, W. R. (8) a ham-
let in the township of Wortley, parish
of Tankersley, wapentake of Staincross,

6 miles N. W. from Sheffield. Wharn-
cliffe partakes of the nature of a forest
and a deer park, and was anciently
called Wharncliffe Chase: here the
hills are finely clothed with native
woods, and rise boldly, though not
abruptly, from the banks of the Don ;
they command, over a sea of foliage, a
rich and varied prospect: on one of the
highest peaks is Wharncliffe Lodge,
the residence of Lady Viscoutess Erne,
but a part of the great estate of Lord
Wharncliffe. this house was built in
the year 1510, by Sir Thomas Wort-
ley, in his old age, for the pleasure of
hearing the harts’ bells, as an unique
inscription, cut in the rock, informs the
reader; thus exhibiting another in-
stance of the force of the ruling passion;
this sylvan sound reminding the knight
of those pursuits which his strength no
longer permitted him to follow. In this
house, Lady Mary Wortley Montague
spent much of the first two or three
years of her married life, the earliest
and the happiest; and here was born
that eccentric being, her son, Edward
Wortley Montague. Lady Mary’s tes-
timony to the beauties of Warncliffe,
may not be without an early prejudice
in its favour, but when she had seen,
with the eye of a poet and an enthu-
siast, most of the forest scenery on the
Continent, she speaks of a belvidere
which she had constructed in the neigh-
bourhood of Avignon, as commanding
the finest land prospect in Europe,
except Wharncliffe. The place is also
famous as the scene of the subject of the
old ballad, the Dragon of Wantley,
corrupted from Wortley; a cleft in the
rocks is still called the Dragon’s Den:
this old ditty had certainly some alle-
gorical meaning which has not been
satisfactorily elucidated.

Wh arram Grange, E. R. (6) a
small hamlet in the township and parish
of Wharram le Street, wapentake of
6 miles W. from Sledmere.

Wharram le Street, E.R. (6)
a parish and township in the wapen-
take of Buckrose, 4 miles W. from
Sledmere ; inhabitants, 127 ; a vicar-
age, value
6l.; patron, Lord Middleton.

Wharram Percy, E.R. (6) a pa-
rish and township in the wapentake of
Buckrose, 5 miles W. from Sledmere;
inhabitants, 44; a vicarage, value
11/. 13s. Od.; patrons, the heirs of the
late Sir Charles Buck, Bart. The pa-
rish contains the townships of Rais-
thorpe, Thixendale, and Towthorpe.
Entire population, 336.

Whashton, N. R. (1) a township
in the parish of Kirkby Ravensworth,
wapentake of Gilling West, 4 miles N.
from Richmond; inhabitants,

Whashton Spring, N.R. (1) a
hamlet in the preceding township.

Whaw, N. R. (1) a hamlet in the
township and parish of Arkengarth-
dale, wapentake of Gilling West, 5
miles N. W. from Reeth.

Wheatcroft, W. R. (8). See
Aldwarke Hall.

Wheat Cross, N. R. (3) a hamlet
in the township and parish of Scarbo-
rough, wapentake of Pickering Lythe,
2 miles S. from Scarborough.

Wheat House, W. R. (8) a ham-
let in the township of Throapham, pa-
rish of Laughton en le Morthen, wa-
pentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, 5
miles S.W. from Tickhill.

Wheatley, W.R. (8) a township
with Long Sandal, in the parish of Don-
caster, wapentake of Strafforth and
Tickhill, 2 miles N.E. from Doncas-
ter; inhabitants, 169. Wheatley Hall
is the seat of Sir W. B. Cooke, Bart.:
here is a school and an hospital in the
village, for
12 poor persons, liberally
endowed by the Cooke family.


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