Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 216 right column

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Darsbam, par. and hamlet with ry. sta., E. Suffolk,
4 miles NE. of Saxmundham, 1550 ac., pop. 434; P.O.;
contains Darsbam Hall.

Dart, river, S. Devon; rises in Dartmoor Forest, and
flows SE. to English Channel at Dartmouth ; is 36 miles
long to Totnes, whence the estuary is 104 miles.

Hartford, market town and par. with ry. sta., W.
Kent, on river Darent, 17 miles E. of London by rail,
4251 ac. and 183 ac. tidal water and foreshore, pop.
10,163 ; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank, 3 newspapers. Market-day,
Saturday; has corn and oil mills, an extensive gun-
powder manufactory, calico and silk printing works,
and a large iron foundry. There are still some remains
of an Augustinian nunnery founded in 1355. Wat
Tyler’s insurrection commenced at D. in 1377. D. was
the first place in Britain where a paper-mill was erected;
f m. from the town are the Hartford Creek Paper Hills.

Hartford (or North Western) Division, pari. div.
of Kent, pop. 61,708.

Dartington, par., S. Devon, on river Dart, 2 miles
NW. of Totnes, 3248 ac., pop. 632; contains D. House.

Dartineet Bridge, bridge across the river Dart, S.
Devon, 64 miles NW. of Ashburton.

Dartmoor, or Dartmoor Forest, an extensive up-
land tract from Brent to Okehampton, Devon, belong-
ing to the Duchy of Cornwall; length, N. and S.,
22 miles ; breadth, 20 miles; area, about 140,000 ac. ;
mean elevation, 1700 ft. D. affords pasture to numer-
ous cattle, sheep, and horses. It is for the most part
of granitic formation, with veins of tin, copper, and
iron, and strata of slate and sandstone. There are
many rocky summits, called
tors, from 1000 to 2000 ft.
high. Several streams have their source in an exten-
sive morass which occupies the centre of the moor. D.
Prison, near Princetown, erected in 1809 for the
custody of French prisoners of war, is now a convict
depot. To the W. of the prison are the Dartmouth
Quarries, connected by rail with Plymouth.

Dartmouth, mun. bor., seaport, market town, and
par., S. Devon, on the W. side of the estuary of the
Dart, opposite Kingswear, which is 228 miles SW. of
London by rail—par., 160 ac., pop. 3216; bor., 1847 ac.,
pop. 5725; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-
Friday. D. originally consisted of 3 vils.—Clifton,
Dartmouth, and Hardness. It is built on the face of a
steep rock, and the streets are connected by flights of
steps. The harb. is commodious and perfectly safe,
and is defended at its entrance by a battery of 5 guns.
The maritime trade is now confined to coasting, and to
the shipment of barley, cider, potatoes, &c. (For shipping
statistics, see Appendix.) Ocean steamers frequently
call at D. for coaling purposes. On the N. side of the
harb. is a lighthouse, with fixed light seen 11 miles.

Darton, par., township, and vil. with ry. sta., S.
div. West-Riding Yorkshire, on river Dearne, 3 miles
NW. of Barnsley—par., 4358 ac., pop. 6014; township,
1378 ac., pop. 2960; P.O.; has coal mines ; contains the
hamlet of Darton Lane Head.

Darton, seat, in co. and 5 miles W. of Armagh.

Dartree, bar., co. Monaghan, 59,611 ac., pop. 18,846.

Dartrey, seat of Lord Dartrey, Dartree bar., W. co.
Monaghan, 2 miles N. of Cootehill; P.O.

Darvel (or Derval), police burgh, 9 miles E. of Kil-
marnock, Ayrshire, pop. 1701; P.O., 1 Bank; has hand-
loom weaving and mfrs. of muslin.

Darvell Bank, seat, 3 m. NW. of Battle, E. Sussex.

Darver, par., mid. co. Louth, 24 miles NW. of Castle
Bellingham ry. sta., 1990 ac., pop. 257.

Darwen, rivulet, NE. Lancashire; rises nr. Rumbles-
moor, and flows 16 miles W. to the Ribble at Preston.

Darwen, Lower, township and ry. sta., Blackburn
par., NE. Lancashire, partly within Over Darwen mun.
bor., but mostly within the mun. bor. of Blackburn,
2667 ac., pop. 4531; P.O.

Darwen, Over, mun. bor., market and manufactur-
ing town and township, Blackburn par., NE. Lancashire,
34 miles S. of Blackburn by rail and 206 miles NW. of
London—bor., 5918 ac., pop. 29,744; township, 5134 ac.,
pop. 27,626; P.O., T.o., called Darwen, 2 Banks, 1
newspaper. Market-day,
Saturday. Until about the
middle of the 19th century, Over Darwen was an insig-
nificant hamlet; it is now a populous and thriving
town. It was incorporated in 1878. The staple mfr.

Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from

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