Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 206
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are three others named Clifford, in reference to
their contiguity to a fordable stream; and 22 na-
Clifton, implying towns on a cliff, or high
ground. None of these demand any particular
notice, except
Clifton contiguous to Bristol, to
which city it forms a beautiful and interesting ap-
pendage ; as its name implies, it is built on an em-
inence, at the foot of which, on the north bank
of the Lower Avon, is a hot well, that contrib-
utes greatly to its advantage, by the numerous
visitors who seek to avail themselves of the ben-
efits of its restorative properties. The buildings
of Clifton are in general elegant and commodious,
and from their elevated site command extensive
and beautiful prospects. The population, which
in 1801 was only 4,457, in 1821 amounted to 8,811.

Clifford, t. Susquehanna Co. Pa.

Clinch, a river of Tennessee, flowing into the
Tennessee river.

Clinton, a county at the N. E. extremity of the
state of New York. It is bounded on the east for
about 35 m. by Lake Champlain, which divides
it from Vermont, and on the north, for about 32
miles, by the conventional line that separates
the United States from Lower Canada. Pop.
19,344. Pl'ttsburg is the chief town.

Clinton, an interior county in the S. W. part
of the state of Ohio, in which one of the branch-
es of the Little Miami River has its source.
Pop. 11,292. Wilmington, in the centre of the
county, is the chief town.

Clinton, ph. Kennebec Co. Me. Pop. 2,125.

Clinton, a village in Oneida Co. N. Y. 9 m. S.
W. of Utica. Hamilton College at this place
was founded in 1812. It has 7 instructers and
77 students. The libraries have 6,000 volumes.
There are 3 vacations in January, May and
August of 13 weeks. Commencement is in Au-
Clinton, is also the name of 7 other towns
in N. C., Geo., Ten., Ohio and Indiana.

Clithero, a borough town in Lancashire, Eng.
seated on the east bank of the river Ribble, at
the foot of Pendle Hill, on the confines of York-
shire. It is a place of some antiquity, having
the ruins of a castle huilt by the Lacys, in 1178;
but was comparatively insignificant, until the
early part of the present century, at which
period the cotton manufacture was introduced.
The population which in 1801 was only 1,368,
and in 1811, 1,767, in 1821 had increased to
3,213. At the latter period it had two extensive
works for spinning of cotton yarn, three for man-
ufacturing of ditto, and one for printing of ditto.
At the same period a neat edifice was erected for
a town-hall; the church is also a neat edifice and
it has a free grammar school. It communicates
bv a collateral cut with the Leeds and Liverpool
canal, which facilitates the conveyance of large
quantities of lime, dug in the vicinity of the
town. It has a spring of water impregnated
with sulphur. It holds a market on Saturday,
and four fairs annually, and returns two members
to parliament. It is 30 miles due north of Man-
chester, and 20 E. N. E. of Preston.

Clogktr, a parish in the county of Tyrone,
Ireland, which in 1821 contained 15,856 inhab-
itants, including a decayed city of the same name
with 524 of the number. The city, which is the
see of a bishop, is 20 m. W. by N. of Armagh,
and 76 N. N. W. of Dublin.

Cion, there are about 100 parishes and towns
in Ireland, beginning with
Cion, among which
the following are the most important, viz.:xe2x80x94

Clonakilty, a town of the county of Cork, Ire-
land, seated at the head of a bay on St. George s
Channel. The principal part of the town is
formed of a spacious square. Pop. in 1821, 4,033.
It is 20 m. W. S. W. of Cork.

Clones, a town of Ireland, in the county of
Monaghan, 61 m. N. by W. of Dublin. Pop. in
1821,2,240. The parish of Clones extends into
Fermanagh county, and contains an aggregate
population of 15,362, including two other towns,
viz. Royslea and Smiihsboiough, containing
about 250 persons each.

Clonfert, a bishop’s see, on the eastern confines
of the county of Galway, Ireland. It is a miser-
able place, containing only 31 houses, 36 miles
east of Galway, and 70 west of Dublin. There
is a parish of "the same name, in the county of
Cork, containing 12,324 inhab.

Clonmell, a town partly in the county of Tip
perary and partly in that of Waterford, Ireland.
It is seated on the banks of the river Suir, over
which is a bridge of 20 arches, 22 m. W. N. W.
of the city of Waterford and 82 S. W. of Dublin.
It is the assize town for the county of Tipperary,
and returns one member to the parliament of the
United Kingdom; and has considerable manu-
factures of woolens, a lunatic and orphan' asy-
lum, several schools, and other publick buildings,
It was the birth place of Sterne. Pop. in 1821,

Clonmines, a small village at the head of Ban-
now Bay, 16 m. W. N. W of Wexford.

Clontarf, a town on the north shore of Dublin
Bay, two miles east of the city of Dublin. It
has several neat residences in its vicinity, and
is memorable in Irish history, for the last battle
fought between the native Irish and the Danes,
in 1015, which led to the expulsion of the latter
from Ireland. Pop. 1,439.

Cloppenburg, a town of Westphalia, in the
principality of Munster, 32 m. N. E. of Lingen

Cioster S'euburg, a town of Austria, with an
Augustine convent of regular canons. It has a
yard for ship-building, and is seated on the
Danube, 7 m. N. N. W. of Vienna.

Closter Seven, or Kloster Zevcn, a town of the
duchv of Bremen, memorable for a convention
entered into between the duke of Cumberland,
and the duke of Richelieu, commander of the
French armies, in 1758, by which 38,000 Han-
overians laid down their arms and were dispersed.
It is 19 m. S. of Stade.

Cloud, St. a town of France, in the vicinity of
Paris celebrated for its palace, which was the
favourite residence of Napoleon.

Clovally, a village in Devonshire, Eng. three
m. E. N. E. of Hartland. It is built on the side
of a steep rock, to which the houses seem fixed
like pigeon-huts; and it has a good pier on the
west shore of Barnstable Bay. Pop. 941.

Cloye, or Clois, town of France, in the depart-
ment of Eure and Loire, 5 m. S. AV. of Chateau-

Cloyen, a town of Ireland, on the east shore of
Cork harbour, in the County of Cork, and a bish-
op’s see, 16 m. E. of Cork. Pop. in 1821,1,847.

Clundert, a town and fortress of South Hol-
land, near an arm of the sea, called Hollands
Diep. In 1793, it was taken by the French, who
were obliged to evacuate it soon after but it
surrendered to them in 1795. It is 9 m. S. E. of

Cluny, a town of France, in the department of
Saone and Loire, with a late famous Benedictine

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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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