Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 383
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HON    383    HOO

copper, making brass wire, paper, and snuff, and
spinning cotton. It is 10 m. E. of St. Asaph, and
207 N. W. of London.

Holzapfel, a town of Germany, in the duchy of
Nassau. It is situate on the Lahn, at the foot of
a mountain, on which is the tower of an ancient
castle, the original seat of the princes of Nassau,
4 m. N. E. of Nassau.

Holzminden, a town of the state of Brunswick,
in Wolfenbuttel, with considerable iron works.
It is seated at the conflux of the Holz with the
Weser, 25 m. N. W. of Gottingen.

Homburg, a town of Germany, in Hesse-Cas-
sel, with an iron forge and a glass manufacture,
20 m. S. of Cassel.xe2x80x94Also a town of Prussia, in
the duchy of Berg, 48 m. S. E. of Dusseldorf.xe2x80x94
And a town of Bavaria, in Deux Ponts; seated on
a mountain, 5 m. N. W. of Deux Ponts.

Ho-nan, a province of China, bounded on the
N. by the provinces of Pe-tcheli and Chan-si, E.
j Kiang-si and Chantong, S. by Hou-quang, and
W. by Chensi. As every thing that can contri-
bute to render a country delightful is found in this
province-, and as it is situate almost in the centre
of the empire, the Chinese call it Tong-hoa, The
Middle Flower. Besides Cai-fong, its capital, it
contains eight cities of the first class and 102 of
the second and third.

Honan, a city of China, of the first class, in the
province of Honan, 360 m. S. W. of Peking.
Long. 112. P. E.. lat. 34. 44. N.

Honaxcera, or Onore. a town of Hindoostan, in
Canara, seated in an inlet of the sea, which spreads
into a lake, and includes a number of islands. It
was formerly a place of great commerce, but was
demolished by Tippoo after he had recovered it by
the treaty of Mangalore. Here is now a custom-
house, and a few shops ; also some merchants who
live scattered near the banks of the lake, and sell
rice, pepper, cocoa, and betelnuts, &c., to the
trading vessels that come from Goa, Rajaputra
and Bombay. It is 50 m. N. by W. of Kandapura,
and 84 S. S. E. of Goa.

Hondtclioote, a town of France, department of
Nord, near which a part of the allied troops were
surprised and defeated in 1793. 7 m. S. E. of

Honduras, a province of Mexico, 490 m. long,
and 150 broad bounded on the N. by a bay of
its name, E. by the Atlantic, S. by Nicaragua, and
W. by Guatemala and Vera Paz. The country
consists of mountains, valleys and plains, water-
ed bv numerous rivers; and is exceedingly fer-
tile. The vineyards bear thrice a year, and the
soil in many parts yields 3 crops of maize ; other
productions are wheat, peas, cotton, wool, log-
wood. with excellent pastures, honey, wax, and
provisions of all kinds. Honduras was formerly
one of the most populous countries in America,
but at present, though so fertile, is almost desert-
ed. The capital is Valladolid, or Comayuguas.

Honduras Bay, is that gulf of the Carribean
Sea between the peninsula of Yucatan and Cape
Honduras. It is well known from the colonies
settled on it by the British for the cutting down
of mahogany and dye woods. The trees are cut
at the wet season of the year, and after being drag-
ged from the forest to the banks of the rivers, they
are made into rafts and floated to the shore. The
growth of the logwood here is extremely rapid, so
much so that it is said to attain maturity in 5 or 6
years, when it is cut and sent to Europe in logs.
Besides the mahogany and logwood tree, Hondu-
ras Bay, produces 2 or 3 kinds of the mangrove,
as the red, white, and black. Cedars are large
and abundant, and are commonly used in ship-
building. The palmetto, the sapadilla, and the
sea-grape trees, are all found very useful; as are
also the bullet-tree, the iron-wood-tree, the cala-
bash-tree, and the button-wood-tree. The althea
grows at a considerable distance from the coast,
and is generally made into rafts for floating the
log-wood to the sea. The tree that exudes the
resinous substance called coutchouc, or elastic
gum, from whidh Indian-rubber is made, grows
plentifully in several provinces of Guatemala,
particularly in various parts of Honduras. In ad-
dition to those may be enumerated the locust-tree,
the fustic, the cocoa-nut-tree, the cabbage, and
the silk-cotton-trees, besides which both trees
and snrubs of a medicinal nature grow in great
variety and profusion. The soil which has been
brought under cultivation is extremely fertile, and
the climate is superior to a great part of the Amer-
ican continent. The shores abound with aquatic
birds of different kinds. Myriads of swallows are
found in some parts, particularly in Honduras,
during the periodical rains. The huinming-bird
is seen in most of its splendid varieties, and the
oxilis, one of the most minute and beautiful of
this elegant tribe, is very common. The number
of fish, insects, and reptiles, is also great.


























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Honey Brook, ph. Chester Co. Pa. on the head
streams of the Brandywine.

Honeysrille, p.v. Shenandoah Co. Va.

Honjleur, a seaport of France, in the depart-
ment of Calvados. The harbour is very capa
cioos, at the mouth of the Seine ; and its princi-
pal trade is in lace. 8 m. N. of Pont l’Eveque.
and 110 N. W. of Paris. Long. 0. 15. E., lat. 49

24. N.

Honiton, a borough in Devonshire, Eng. cele-
brated for the manufacture of broad lace. The
church is half a mile from the town, but it has al-
so a chapel belonging to the establishment, and
three meeting-houses for Independents, Baptists,
and Presbyterians. A fire happened here in 1747, xe2x80xa2
which consumed three-fourths of the town ; and
another, in 1765, destroyed nearly 180 buildings.
It is situated in a delightful vale on the river
Otter, 16 m. E. of Exeter. Market on Saturday.

Hooghly, a river of Hindoostan, formed by the
two westernmost branches of the Ganges, named
the Cosimbazar and Jellinghy, which unite at
Nuddea. It flows by Hooghly, Chinsura, Chan-
dernagore, and Calcutta, to the bay of Bengal,
and is the only branch of the Ganges that is com-
monly navigated by ships.

Hooghly, a city of Hindoostan, in Bengal, now
nearly in ruins, but possesing many vestiges of
fomer greatness. In the beginning of the
eighteenth century, it was the great mart of the
export trade of Bengal to Europe. It is seated on
the river Hooghly, 25 m. N. of Calcutta.

Hoogstraten, a town ofthe Netherlands, in Bra-
bant, 15 m. N. of*Herentals.

Hookertoxcn, p.v. Greene Co. N. C.

Hookset, ph. Merrimack Co. N. H. on the Merri
mack, 52 m. fr. Boston. Here is a beautiful cata
ract, round which a canal passes. Pop. 880.

Hookstoxcn, villages in Beaver Co. Pa. Balti-
more and Talbot Cos. Md. and Greene Co. N. C.

Hoorn, or Horn, a seaport of N. Holland on the
Zuyder Zee, with manufactures of woolen cloths
and carpets, and a considerable trade in cattle
butter, cheese, herrings, and other fish. 20 m.
N. N. E. of Amsterdam.

Hoosaek Mountain, a ridge in the western part


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