short of its ancient splendor, yet is still very
large, and fortified with strong bulwarks of earth.
The houses are mostly of hardened clay, but
some are of stone, from quarries in the neighbour-
hood. The silk-paper made here is in great re-
quest, and it has a considerable trade in excellent
fruits. It is seated on the Sogd, 138 m. E. by N.
of Bokhara. Long. 65. 15. E., lat. 39. 40. N.
Snmm-of, a town of Siberia, in the government
of Tobolsk, seated on the Irtysh 135 m. N. of
Samatan. a town ofFrance, department of Gers,
with a castle on a mountain ; seated on the Save,
6 m. N. by E. of Lombez.
Samba, a sea-port of Terra Firma, in the prov-
ince Carthagena, 33 rn. N. E. of Carthagena.
Long. 75. 16. W., lat. 10. 45. N.
Samballas, a multitude of small uninhabited is-
lands. on the N. shore of the isthmus of Darien.
Most of them are low, flat, and sandv, covered
with a variety of trees, and abound with several
kinds of shell fish ; some few afford springs of
fresh water. Long. 78. 25. W., lat. 9. 26. N.
Sambas, a town of Borneo, near the W. coast,
inhabited by pirates, against whom a British force
was sent out in 1812 and 1813, which proved
completly successful. In its vicinity diamond
mines are found. Long. 109.0. E., lat. 2. 20. N.
Sambor, a town of Austrian Poland, capital of a
circle of its name, seated on a large plain, on the
Dniester, 46 m. S. W. of Lemberg.
Simlrre, a river which rises in Picardy, flows
by Landrecy, Maubeuge, Thun, and Charleroy,
and joins the Meuse at Namur.
Samiri, a town of Asiatic, Turkey, in Irac Ara-
bi, on the Tigris, 70 m. N. N. W. of Bagdad.
Samisat, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in the san-
giacate of Marasch, on the Euphrates, 30 m. E.
Samogitla, a county in the N. W. of Prussian
Lithuania, bounded on the N. by Courland,S. by
Russia proper, and W. by the Baltic. It is full of
forests and high mountains, which feed a great
number of cattle, and produce abundance of hon-
ey- Here are also very active horses, in high es-
teem. The inhabitants are clownish, but honest;.
and they will not allow a young woman to go
out in the night without a candle in her hand and
two bells at her girdle.
Samos, an island of the Grecian Archipelago,
on the coast of Natolia, about 32 rn. long and 22
broad, and extremely fertile. It contains two
ranges of lofty mountains, between which are
rich and well cultivated plains, producing abun-
dance of grain, melons, lentils, kidney beans, and
excellent muscadine grapes : also white figs, four
times as big as the common sort, but not so well
tasted. The silk is very fine, and the honey and
wax admirable. The island abounds with par-
tridges, woodcocks, snipes, thrushes, wood pi-
geons, turtle doves, wheatears, and excellent
poultry. It has emery, stone, and iron mines,
and most of the soil is of a rusty colour. All the
mountains are of white marble. Their bishop
resides at Corea. The principal harbour is that
Samoyed.es, once a numerous and powerful na-
tion of Tartary. They are now dispersed: some
of them are found in small detached bodies among
the mountains to the W. of Lake Baikal; others
are supposed to be within the' Chinese frontiers :
others are scattered among the deserts which ex-
tend along the Frozen Ocean; and some nearly
as far to the W. as Archangel. The Samoyedes
have a large head, a flat face, high cheek bones
small eyes, a wide mouth, a yellow complexion,
straight black hair, and a little or no beard : they
still preserve the manners of a pastoral people,
and retain the use of moveable habitations, with
which they wander from place to place. They
neither have, nor appear ever to have had, any
kind of a regular government. Their traditional
songs mention only certain heroes, who in better
times, led their ancestors to battle. These songs
form their principal amusements : but the exploits
they celebrate, are never likely to be renewed.
Samptoicn, a villgage of Middlesex Co. N. J. 13
m. S. W. Elizabethtown.
Sampson, a county of N. Carolinia. Pop,
11,768. Clinton is tbe capital.
Sam's Creek, p.v. Frederick Co. Maryland.
Samsoe, an island of Denmark, on tbe E. coast
of N. Jutland, 12 m. long and 3 broad, and very
fertile. It has a town of the same name, and the
inhabitants carry on some commerce in small ves-
sels. Long. 10. 33. E., lat. 56. 2. N.
Samson, St., a town of France, department of
Eure, on the Rille, 5 m. N. of Pont Audemer.
Samson, St., a town in the department of Maine-
et-Loire, 4 m. N. E. of Angers.
San, a river of Austrian Poland, which rises in
the Carpathian Mountains, in Hungary, and falls
into the Vistula near. Sandomir. It forms part of
the boundary jietween Austrian Galicia and Rus-
Sana, a city of Arabia, capital of Yemen, with
a castle on a hill, in which are two palaces. The
city, properly so called, is not very populous ; for
gardens occupy a part of the space within the
walls, which are 4 in. in circuit, and contain seven
gates. Here are a number of mosques, some of
them built by Turkish pachas ; also several pala-
ces, 12 public baths, and some large caravanseras.
Fruits are very plenteous, particularly grapes;
and the exportation of raisins is considerable, one
kind of wltich is without stones. The city stands
near the source of a river, which flows S. into the
Arabian Sea, and at the foot of Mount Nikkum
on which are to be seen the ruins of a castle, said
to have been built by Shem. It is 250 m. N. N. E
of Mocha, 490 S. E. of Mecca. Long. 45. 10. E.,
lat. 15. 24. N.
Sana, or Znna, a town of Peru, capital of a
province of its name. It is situate in a valley,
fertile in fruit and corn, and adorned with the
most beautiful flowers, whence it has been some-
times. called Mirofloris. 90 m. N. of Truxillo.
Long'. 78. 30. W., lat. 40. 35. N.
Sanashygotla, a flourishing town of Bengal;
seated on the Mahanuddy, 165 m. N. of Moorshed-
San Bias, a city and sea-port of Mexico, on the,
Pacific Ocean, at the mouth of the river Santiago
Lat. 21. 33. N.
Sanborntoion, ph. Strafford Co. N. H. 25 m. N.
W. Portsmouth. Pop. 2,866.
Sancerra, a town ofFrance, department of Cher,
seated on a mountain, near the Loire, 22 m, N.
W. of Nevers, 110 N. of Paris.
Sancian, an island of China, on the coast of
Quang-tong, 40 m. in circumference, famous for
being the burying place of Francis Xavier, whose
tomb is to be seen on a small hill.
Sancoins, a town ofFrance, department of Cher,
seated on the Argent, 15 m. S. W. of Nevers.
Sanda, or Sanday, one of the Orkney islands,
about 12 m. in length, but of an irregular form
and seldom above a m. in breadth. It lies N of*