Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 771
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WAS    771    WAS

capital; a county of N. Carolina. Pop. 4,562
Plymouth is the capital; a District of S. Carolina.
Pop. 13,728. A county of Georgia. Pop. 9,820.
Sar.dersville is the capital; a county of Alabama.
Pop. 3,478. A county of Mississippi. Pop.
1,976. Princeton is the capital; a county of E.
Tennessee. Pop. 10,995. Jonesborough is the
capital; a Parish of Louisiana. Pop. 2,286.
Franklinton is the capital; a county of Kentucky.
Springfield is the capital; a county of Ohio.
Pop. 11,731. Marietta is the capital; a county
of Indiana. Pop. 13,072. Salem is the capital;
a county of Illinois. Pop. 1,674. Nashville is
the capital; a county of Missouri. Pop. 6,797.
Potosi is the capital; a county of Arkansas. Pop.
2,181. Fajinttsville is the capital; a county of
the Dis. of Columbia. Pop. 30,250. Washing-
ton city is the capital.

Washington City, the seat of government of
the United States, stands in the centre of the
District of Columbia upon the north bank of the
Potomac, 295 m from the sea by the course of the
river and bay. It occupies a spot between the riv-
er and one of its tributaries, called the East
Branch. The city is about a mile and a half
above the junction of the two streams, although
the original plan embraces the whole extent be-
low The plan of tbe city combines regularity
with variety, and is adapted to the variations of
the surface, so that the spaces allotted to public
buildings, occupy commanding positions, and the
monotonous sameness of a rectangular design is
avoided, while all its advantageo -re secured.
The minor streets run at right angles, but the
larger avenues diverge from several centres, in-
tersecting the streets with various degrees of ob-
liquity, and opening spaces for extensive squares.
The smaller streets run N. and S. or E. and W.
and are from 90 to 110 feet wide. The grand
avenues are from 130 to 160 feet in width, and
are planted with trees. Several of the largest
unite at the hill on which the capitol is situated.
These bear the names of the several states o the
Union. The general appearance of Washington
is that of the mere outline, or beginning of a
great city , its tardy growth has disappointed the
expectations of the original founders. The
buildings ol the city occupy three distinct groups
like so many separate villages, divided from
each other by vacant spaces. The chief edifices
are situated in the neighbourhood of the Capitol,
or at the Navy Yard, or in the Pennsylvania Ave-
nue. The
Capitol is a large and magnificent

building of white freestone, 352 feet long, in the
shape of a cross, with the Representatives Hall
and the Senate Chamber in the two wings, and a
spacious rotunda in the centre. The
tives Hall
is semicircular, 95 feet in length, and
60 in height, lighted from the top, and adorned
with a colonnade of pillars of breccia, beautifully
polished; it is one of the most elegant halls in
the world. The
Senate Chamber is of the same
shape, and 74 feet long. The
Rotunda is 96 feet
in diameter, and 96 feet high, to the top of the
dome within. It is all of marble, and the floor is
beautifully paved; the whole has a most grand
and imposing effect. Several pieces of sculpture
are placed in niches in the walls, representing
events in American history. The sound of a sin-
gle voice uttered in this apartment, is echoed
from the dome above, with a rumbling like dis-
tant thunder. The
National Library is contained
in the Capitol, and embraces also a series of na-
tional paintings by Trumbull. The
is an elegant structure of freestone, 170
feet in front, and two stories in height, ornament-
ed with an Ionic portico. It stands about a mile
west of the capitol. It is surrounded with the offi-
ces of the heads of departments. At the patent
office, is kept a collection of all the models of pa-
tent inventions in the country. The Navy Yard,
on the East Branch, exhibits a monument to the
American officers who fell in the war with Tri-
poli. There are few other buildings worthy of no
tice for their architecture. The office of the De
partment of State, is a large edifice of brick, with
a portico in front, and there are two or three oth-
ers of the same size and construction. There are
two public free schools in the city. Twin bridges
cross the eastern branch, and one, the main stream
of the Potomac, at Washington.

Columbian College, at this place was founded
in 1821. It has 4 instructers and 50 students, the
library has 4,1)00 volumes. The national library
contains 16,000 volumes.

During the session of Congress the city is much
crowded by visiters and public officers ; but apart
from its political consequence, the place has few
attractions : the country in the neighbourhood
has a poor soil and is thinly inhabited. A Navy
Yard of the United States has been established
here, and the river is navigable to the sea for
ships of the line. The commerce of the place is
inconsiderable. Washington is in lat. 38. 58. N.
Long. 77. 2. W. Greenwich. 79. 22. W. Paris.

58. 52. W. Ferro. 152 W. Philadelphia. 137
m. S. W. Philad. 227 S. W. N. York. 436 S.
W. Boston and 1,260 m. N. E. New Orleans.
Pop. 18,827.

Washington, a township of Sullivan Co. N. II
Pop. 1,135; ph. Orange Co. Vt. 43 in. N. Wind-
sor. Pop. 1,374 ; ph. Berkshire Co. Mass. 120 m.
W. Boston. Pop. 701 ; ph. Litchfield Co. Conn. 10
m. S. W. Litchfield. Pop. 1,621 ; ph. Dutchess
Co. N. Y. 12 m. N. E. Poughkeepsie. Pop.
3.036 ; a village of Albany Co. N. Y ; ph. Morris
Co. N. J; a township of Burlington Co. N. J;
and towns and villages in Columbia, Fayette,
Franklin. Union, Lycoming, Lancaster, York,
Westmoreland, and Indiana Cos. Pa., Culpeper.
Co. Va., Beaufort Co. N. C., Wilkes Co. Geo.,
Columbiana, Fayette. Franklin, Darke, Clermont.
Guernsey, Licking, Richland, Miami, Montgomo
rv, Pickaway. Preble, Scioto and Warren Cos.
Ohio. Davis Co. Ind., Mason Co. Ken., Rhea Co.
Ten., Autauga Co. Alab., Adams Co. Mississippi.

Washington, ph. Washington Co. Pa. 26 m. S.
W. Pittsburg. Washington College, at this place
was founded in 1806. It has 4 instructers and 47
students; ph. Adams Co. Mississippi 6 m. E.
Natchez. Jefferson College at this place was
founded in 1802. It has 10 instructers and 160















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