Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 294
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and’ majesty. On the northern
corner of this section stands the
methodist church.

Wooster Square, which lies in
the eastern part of the city, com-
prises five acres, and has recent-
ly been planted with a large num-
ber of native ornamental trees of
various kinds.

The population of the town, in-
cluding the city, was in 1820,
8,326; in 1830,10,678 ; in Decem-
1833, 12,199, of whom 11,567
were within the city. The num-
ber of inhabitants in 1837, was esti-
mated at 14,000.

As a sxeat of education, New
Havdn is justly celebrated. At a
moderate estimate, one thousand
persons from abroad are constantly
here for the purposes of receiving

Yale College is one of the most
ancient and celebrated institutions
of learning in the country, and num-
bers among her academical gradu-
ates, 4,824 persons.

The Mineral Collection, well
known as the most extensive in the
country, occupies a spacious and
well lighted apartment.

The Telescope belonging to the
college was made by Dolland, and
presented by Mr. Sheldon Clark,
of Oxford. It is an. achromatic of
five inches aperture and ten feet
focal length, and is considered an
instrument of great excellence.

Besides the College libraries, there
are in the city Several libraries of
considerable extent and importance.
Among them, that belonging to Mr.
Ithiel Town deserves to be particu-
larized. This is a large and precious
collection of books, principally on
architecture and the other fine arts,
together with many volumes of
. great antiquity and rarity. It is
the most complete architectural li-
brary in the United States. It is
placed beyond the reach of fire, in
an elegant building on Plillhouse
avenue. In 1837, there were in
New Haven 43 well conducted
j academies and private schools,
; some of which were of an elevated
j character for females. The public
schools are well sustained. The
annual expenditure for schools is
about $30,000. The whole number
of pupils is about 2,500.

There areinNew Haven several

The Public Cemetery is situated
opposite the northern angle of the
original town plot, and encloses
seventeen acres and two thirds. It
is divided by avenues and alleys
into family lots, 32 feet in length
and 18 in breadth. There is a grave
and silent grandeur in this’place;
b.ut it would rfpjxear more beautiful
were it shaded by
native trees in-
of Lombardy poplars.

The State Hospital is located at
New Haven. It is a large and
commodious buildingof stone, very
favorably situated on elevated
ground, in the western part of the

One daily and four weekly news-
papers, and one religious weekly
sheet, are published here.- The
Daily Herald was the earliest daily
paper issued in this state, it having
been commenced here November
26, 1832. The other periodical
publications of the place, are the
Yale Literary Magazine, edited
by the students of Yale College;
Quarterly Christian Spectator,
a work of established reputation,
which began as a monthly in 18iy,
and after ten volumes of that series
had been completed, adopted its*
present form, in which it has reach-
ed its tenth volume ; and the
American Journal of Science and
edited by Professor Silliman.
This important periodical was com-
menced in 1819, and has arrived at
the 35th volume, having outlived
many of its early European con- j
temporaries. It is a work which has
done much for the advancement of
science, and reflects great honor on
the nation and city of its birth, as
well as on its distinguished editor.


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