Hayward’s New England Gazetteer (1839) page 461
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ough of Waterbury stands, is situa-
ted in a valley which is washed by
Mad river on the east, and the Nau-
gatuck on the west; and in its cen-
tral partis about a mile in breadth.
The-main street runs east and west;
but since the increase of the manu-
facturing establishments within the
last twelve years, a large share of
the new buildings have been erect-
ed in their vicinity, which is in the
southeast part of the village. On
either side of the- village, hills
gradually rise to a considerable
elevation, presenting to the eye
the galleries of an amphithea-
tre, the village forming the area.
The number of houses is about one
hundred and fifty, and the popula-
tion fifteen hundred ; which it is
calculated has doubled itself dur-
ing the last twelve. years; most of
the factories having been established
within that time. Some of the
private dwellings may be called
splendid, and a majority of them
neat, convenient, with handsome
court yards in front.

“Of the articles manufactured
In the village, those of gilt buttons
and the rolling of brass and copper
metals for a great variety of uses,
constitute the greatest business.
There are three factories of this
kind upon an extensive scale, two
in the village, and one about two
mil~es north, connected with which
is a gold refinery. There are like-
wise two factories of gilt buttons
upon a considerable scale, uncon-
nected with rolling mills. One
extensive rolling mill connected
with the brass wire and tubing
manufacture, two satinet factories,
one woolen factory, besides a great
number of minor establishments, in
which buttons of various kinds and
other articles are manufactured to a
considerable extent. The number
of persons in the village, of both
sexes, who are employed in the
manufacturing establishments, is
between six and seven hundred.
It is not precisely known what
amount is manufactured yearly,
but it has been estimated hy good
judges to exceed a million of dollars,
and is upon the increase. The
.route has been surveyed by a prac-
tical engineer, for constructing a
canal to bring the Naugatuck on to
the bank at the west end of the
town, which will, when completed,
afford a supply of water power, ca-
pable of employing as much or
more capital than has been already

Samuel Hopkins, D. D., the
founder of a religious sect, denom-
Hopkinsians, was born in
this town, in X721. He died at
Newport, R. I., in 1803. See
gious Creeds
, and Statistics.

Dr. Lemuel Hopki-ns, a poet,
and an eminent physician, was born
in TVaterbury,-in 1750. He died
at Hartford, in 1801.

• 'Waterford, Me.

‘ Oxford co. This town is water-
ed by a number of beautiful ponds,
and Crooked river passes through
its northeast bord-er. The surface
is generally level and the soil good.
It produced in 1837, 5,545 bushels
of wheat.

Waterford was incorporated in
1797. It lies 57 miles W. by S.
from Augusta, and 10 W; by S.
from Paris. Population, in 1837,

Waterford, Vt.

Caledonia co. This town was
chartered in 1780, by the name of
Littleton, which name it retained
until 1797. It was first settled in

1787. It lies on the west side of
Connecticut river, 32 miles E. N.
E. from Montpelier, and 12 E. S. E.
from Danville. Population, 1830,
1,358. ‘ The west partof the town
is watered by the Passumpsic, and
the north border by Moose river.
Here is a water power, and some
manufactures. A part of the town
borders on Fifteen Mile Falls, in.
Connecticut river. The banks of


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