Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 188

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structed around them, is navigable 100 miles from
its mouth.

D'Arbone, Bayou, La. This stream rises in
Claiborne parish, flows in a S. E. direction, and
enters the Wachita River in Wachita parish.

Darby Creek, O., rises in Union co., and after
a S. E. course of 60 miles, enters the Sciota,
nearly opposite Circleville.

Dartiga Lake, Nachitoches and Rapides par-
ishes, La. This lake receives a river of the same
name from the N. W., and connects on the S.
with Red River.

Dauphin Islands, Great and Little., Aa., lie at
the mouth of Mobile Bay, and are attached to
Mobile co.

Dawfuskey Island, S. C., is 7 miles long, and 2^
miles broad, and lies 3 miles N. E. from the mouth
of the Savannah.

Dead River, Me. This important tributary of
the Kennebec rises on the border of Lower Can-
ada, in Franklin co. It flows 40 or 50 miles
in a S. E. direction, then N. about 10 miles ; it
then turns to the E., and flows about 15 miles
to its entrance into the Kennebec, about 20 miles
below Moosehead Lake. The land on its borders
is fertile and heavily wooded.

Dead River, N. H., rises in the N. W. corner of
the state, in Coos co., and after receiving several
tributaries, empties into the Margallawav.

Dead Stream, Me., is a W. tributary of the Pe-
nobscot, which it enters at Orono, opposite Indian

Dead Fish Lake, Ma. Situated N. W. from
Seven Beaver Lake, and at the head of Second
Embarras River.

Deadman's Bay, Fa. A curvature of the coast
in Madison co.

De Chute River rises in the E. part of Aroos-
took co., Me., and flows E. into Canada, where it
enters the St. John's River.

Decker's Creek, Is. A small branch of Bear
Creek, which it enters in Hancock co.

Deep Creek, Io. A S. branch of the Maco-
quetais River, which it enters in Jackson co.

Deep River, N. C., unites with the Haw to form
the N. W. branch of Cape Fear River.

Deer Creek, N. Y., rises in Lewis co., and flows
N. E. into Black River.

Deer River, N. Y., rises in Franklin co., flows
N. W., and enters the St. Regis in St. Lawrence

Deer Creek, Hartford co., Md., empties into the

Deer Creek, Perry co., Ia. A small branch of
Ohio River.

Deer Creek, Ca., rises among the Sierra Nevada,
and flows S. W. into the Rio Sacramento.

Deer Islands. A group of islands, five in num-
ber, lying in the Connecticut River, between the
towns of Lyman and Barnet, Vt. The largest of
these islands contains 38 acres of land.

Deer Island, Hancock co., Me.', lies in Penob-
scot Bay, off the town of Sedgwick. See the
town of
Deer Isle.

Deerfield River, Vt. and Ms. This beautiful
rapid stream rises in the high grounds of Wind-
ham co., near Stratton, Dover, and Somerset, Vt.,
and, proceeding in a S.E. course, it passes through
Monroe, Florida, Rowe, Charlemont, Hawley,
Buckland, Shelburne, and Conway, and falls into
the Connecticut between Greenfield and Deerfield.
The most important tributaries to this river are
Cold River; a river from Heath and Coleraine;

one from Leyden, and one from Conway. It is
very rapid in some places, and its passage through
the mountains is very romantic. Length about
50 miles.

Delaware Bay, at the mouth of Delaware Riv-
er, is an arm of the sea. stretching up in a N. W.
direction, for a distance of
75 miles. The en-
trance to the bay is between Cape May on theN.,
and Cape Henlopen on the S., distant about 20
miles from each other. The width of the bay in
the middle is
30 miles. There are many shoals,
which render the navigation difficult and danger-
ous ; and there is no good natural harbor within
70 miles of the ocean. The want of any secure
anchorage on this coast, for several hundred miles
from New York, has induced the government, at
a heavy expense, to erect a breakwater, forming
an artificial harbor, within Cape Henlopen. The
anchorage ground thus provided is in a cove
W. of the cape, having a depth of water
of from
4 to 6 fathoms, and a superficial extent
of over half a square mile. An internal commu-
nication has been formed between this bay and
the Chesapeake by a canal
14 miles long, run-
ning between Delaware City, at a point
42 miles
below Philadelphia, and Back Creek, which com-
municates through Elk Creek with the Chesa-
peake. This canal has a depth of 8 feet, a width
60 feet at the surface, and 36 feet at the bottom,
and admits of the passage of vessels of consid-
erable size.

Delaware River rises among the western
spurs of the Catskill Mts., in N. Y. The two
streams which constitute, its principal sources are
the Mohawks and the Popacton. The first of
these, which is the most remote, and the real
source of the Delaware, rises from a small lake
near the border of Schoharie co., N.
Y., in 42° 45'
N. lat., at an elevation of 1886 feet above tide
water, and flows S. W. about 50 miles, to within
10 miles of the Susquehanna River, where, turn-
ing suddenly to the S. E., it flows about 12 miles
to its junction with the Popacton. This branch
rises in Delaware co., N.
Y., and pursues a course
nearly parallel to that of the main branch, for
about 50 miles, to the point of meeting. After
the junction of these two branches, the Delaware
flows on in a S. E. course, forming the boundary
between Pa. and N. Y., for about 60 miles, to the
N. W. corner of N. J. It then bends to the S. W.
35 miles, along the base of the Kittaning chain
of mountains, until it finds a pass through this
mountain by the celebrated “ Water Gap," which
is considered a great natural curiosity. The view
in passing through this chasm is highly pictur-
esque and impressive. The distance is about two
miles, between rugged and lofty walls, rising
almost from the water's edge to the height of
1600 feet, and often overhanging with immense
masses' of the rock. Towards the N. W. the
passage widens somewhat, and there are some
beautiful islands in the river, which here has great
depth. Continuing S. about 21 miles, it reaches
Easton, Pa., where it receives an important tribu-
tary from the right in the Lehigh. About two
miles below Easton, it pierces the Blue Ridge;
and, five miles still lower, the South Mountain;
having obliquely traversed, in its course thus far,
a great part of the Appalachian system. From
South Mountain its course is S. E., about 35
miles, to the falls at Trenton, at the foot of which
it meets the tide water. The distance between
Easton and Trenton is 60 miles, in which the


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