Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 211

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island belongs to the state of New York. It is
divided into three counties — King's co. in the W.,
which is the smallest in territory, but the largest
in population; Queen's co. in the middle; and
Suffolk co. in the E., which comprises two thirds
of the territory of the island. A rocky ridge, or
chain of hills, extends from the W. end to near
Oyster Point, in the E. part, the highest eleva-
tion of which is in N. Hempstead, 319 feet above
the level of the tide. On the N. side of this
ridge, the land is rough and hilly; on the S. side,
level and sandy. Much of the central por-
tion of the island is covered with wood, con-
sisting of an extensive pine forest, in which the
deer still roams at large. The whole island
is underlaid with granitic rock, which rises high
in the ridge, or Spine, as it is denominated, and
breaks out at Hurl Gate, and other places on the
East River. The shores are much indented with
bays and inlets. Towards the E. side, the island
divides into two parts; the S. of which is a prom-
ontory, over 30 miles in length, and not gener-
ally more than a mile wide, terminating in Mon-
tauk Point. This constitutes the township of
East Hampton. The N. part, which is much
shorter, terminates at Oyster Point, and consti-
tutes the township of Southold. The bay, ex-
tending up between these two portions of the
main island, is the Great Peconic Bay. In its
bosom are included several islands, the most con-
siderable of which are Gardner's and Shelter
Islands. On the S. side of Long Island is Great
South Bay, which is itself another sound in
miniature, extending from Hempstead Bay, E.,
50 miles, with a width of from 1 to 5 miles, and
separated from the ocean by a narrow island, or
beach of stones and sand, with several inlets, in
no part more than 3 miles broad. West of
this, upon the S. W. shore of the island, is Rock-
away Beach, which extends for about 22 miles,
and is much resorted to by the citizens of New
York and Brooklyn for sea bathing, and the sea
breezes, so refreshing there in the hot season.
Ei'om its vicinity to New York, there are many
pleasant places of resort upon Long Island,
which are much frequented, and many which are
occupied for rural residence. Williamsburg
and New Rochelle are pleasant places, where
many citizens doing business in New York per-
manently reside. Flatbush, 5 miles from the city;
Elushing, 9 miles ; Jamaica, 12 miles ; and Hemp-
stead, 24 miles, are all delightfully situated.
Eort Hamilton, at the Narrows, Gravesend Bay,
and Coney Island are favorite bathing-places.
Greenwood Cemetery is situated in the S. part of
Brooklyn, about 3 miles from the Eulton Ferry,
containing about 242 acres, with a great Arariety
of surface, tastefully laid out, to attract the
living to the resting-places of the dead. See
Brooklyn and Williamsburg.

Long Island, Charleston district, S. C. This
island is one of a small group, lying N. E. from
Charleston harbor.

Long Island, Hillsboro' co., Fa. Situated S.
from the mouth of Tampa Bay.

Long Island Sound. This inland sea washes
the whole S. boundary of Ct., and is formed by
Long Island and the state of N. Y. It is navi-
gable as far as Hurl Gate for vessels of any bur-
den, and the passage to and from the sea around
Montauk is remarkably easy at any time of tide,
and in all weather. See
Judith, Point. Some of
the distances from Providence, and along the
northern coast of this sound, to the city of New
York, are here given. From Providence to New-
port, 30 miles ; to Point Judith, 11 =41 ; to the
mouth of Stonington harbor, 27 = 68; to the
mouth of New London harbor, 8 = 76; to the
mouth of Connecticut River, 13 = 89; to the
mouth of New Haven harbor, 27=116; to
Stratford Point, 10=126; to the mouth of
Fairfield harbor, 6 = 132 ; to Norwalk, 8 = 140;
to Greenwich, or Sawpits, 15 = 155; to Throg's
Point, 14=169; to Hurl Gate, 6 = 175; to
New York, 8 miles; making the distance from
Providence to New York, by water, 183 miles.








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Long Lake, Me., lies in the N. part of Piscata-
quis co., 210 miles N. by E. from Augusta. It
is about 15 miles long and 2 wide, and supplies
Namjamskillecook River, which flows into Tem-
isconata Lake, the source of Madawaska River.

Long Lake, N. Y., called Weeehobadchonee-puss
(lake abounding in basswood) in the Indian
tongue, lies in the N. part of Hamilton co. It is
situated in a wild, uncultivated part of the state,
and is 18 miles long and from 1 to 2 miles wide,
being one of the largest of the cluster of lakes
in this vicinity. It flows N., and empties into
Racket River, although there is so little differ-
ence of level at its extremities that it might be
made to flow S. into the Hudson.

Long Lake, Mn. Situated E. from Crooked
Lake, mostly in Wyandot co. It receives the
waters of the Sheboygan and several other rivers.

Long Lake, Wn. Situated mostly in the S. W.
part of Jefferson co. It receives the waters of
Rock River in the N. E., and discharges them at
the S. W. extremity, on the N. border of Rock co.

Long Lake, Ma. A small sheet of water at the
head of Chapah River.

Long Pond, Me. See Bridgeton.

Long or Runaway Pond, Vt. See Glover.

Long Pond, Litchfield CO., Ct. Situated in the
town of Winchester, and connected on the N. E.
with Mad, a branch of Farmington River.

Long Prairie River, Ma. A large river sup-
plied by a chain of lakes, and flowing N. E. into
Crow Wing River.

Long Sault Island, Lower, St. Lawrence CO.,
N. Y., lies in the St. Lawrence River, and is
attached to the town of Massena. It is 5 miles
long and 1 mile wide. Here are situated the
Long Sault Rapids, 12 miles long, with a descent
of 80 feet, around which is a canal on the Canada
side of the river.

Long Sault Island, Upper, St. Lawrence co.,
N. Y., lies in the St. Lawrence River, and is
attached to the town of Louisville. It is 3 miles
in length and from 1 to l£ miles in width.

Long Shoal River, N. C., flows through the E.
part of Hyde co., and empties into Pamlico Sound.

Looking Glass River, Mn. This river drains
the S. part of Shiawassee co., flows W. across
Clinton into Ionia co., where it empties into
Grand River.

Lookout, Cape, On., extends into the Pacific
about midway between Capes Foulweather and

Loon Lake. N. Y. This small body of water
lies in Chester, Warren co.

Loosahatchy River, Te., rises in the W. part of
Hardeman co., flows in a W. direction, and, unit-
ing with Wolf Creek, empties into the Missis-
sippi a little above Memphis.

Loosaschoonah Creek, Mi., rises in Pontotoc co.,
flows S. W., and enters the Yallabusha.

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