Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 283

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enamel, or the burning in of the colors, which
produces a brilliant, glossy surface, impervious to
the action of all acids, and to all outside appliances.

Bensalem, Pa. A S. township of Bucks co.

Benson, Yt., Rutland co. On Lake Cham-
plain. The waters are generally brackish and
unpleasant. 75 miles S. W. from Montpelier.

Benton County, Aa., c. h. at Jacksonville. N.
E. part, between the Coosa and the state of Geor-
gia. Drained by the Tallapoosa and branches
of the Coosa Rivers. Surface mostly level, soil

Benton County, As., c. h. at Bentonville. In
the N. W. corner, on the height of land between
waters of the White River and those of the Neosho.

Benton, As., c. h. Sabine co. On the Sabine Fork
of the Wachita. 24 miles S. W. from Little Rock.

Benton. Is., c. h. Franklin co. 151 miles S. S.
E. from Springfield.

Benton County, Fa. On the Gulf coast of the
peninsula, S. of the Withlacoochee River.

Benton County, Ga., c. h. at Oxford. On the
W. border N. of the Wabash.

Benton County, Io., c. h. at Vinton. E. central.

Benton, Ky., c. h. Marshall co.

Benton County, Mi. On the E. side of the
Mississippi. In the N. part of the state.

Benton, Me., Kennebec co. 25 miles W. from

Benton, Mi., c. h. Yazoo co. Nearly equidis-
tant between Big Black and Yazoo Rivers. 50
miles N. W. from Jackson.

Benton, Mo., c. h. Scott co. 222 miles S. E.
from Jefferson City.

Benton County, Mo., c. h. at Warsaw. S. W.
central. On both banks of the Osage River,
which flows through it from W. to E. Surface
uneven; soil very fertile.

Benton, N. H., Grafton co. It is watered by
branches of Oliverian Brook and Wild Amo-
noosuck Rivers. Moosehillock and Owl-head
Mountains lie within its limits. It presents a
rough and mountainous aspect, and the soil in
some parts is not capable of cultivation. It was
formerly called Coventry. 70 m. W. N. W. from
Concord, and 12 E. S. E. from Haverhill

Benton, N. Y., Yates co. The surface of this
town consists of broad plains and gentle swells.
The soil is mostly clay, and sandy and gravelly
loam. 207 miles W. from Albany.

Benton County, 0., c. h. at Marysville. In the
yalley of the Willamette.

Benton County, Te., c. h. at Camden. W. part.
Watered by the Tennessee River, which runs
along its E. boundary, and by some of its branches.
Sufatee level; soil fertile.

Bentonville, Te., c. h. Polk co. On Four-mile
Branch, 174 miles S. E. from Nashville.

Bergen County, N. J., c. h. at Hackensack. In
the N. E. corner, between the Hudson on the E.
and the N. Y. boundary on the W. Watered by
the Hackensack and Saddle Rivers. The sur-
face in the central part is generally level, or
undulating; the W. is mountainous, and on the
E. is the lofty trap ridge, known as the
extending its whole width on the Hudson. The
soil, in the valleys especially, is productive.

Bergen, N. J., c. h. Hudson co. The surface is
partly hilly, and the soil, in other parts, somewhat
marshy, but fertile. 56 miles N. E. from Trenton.

Bergen, N. Y., Genesee co. Black Creek wa-
ters this town, the surface of which is level, and
the soil clay, in some parts, and in others calca-
reous loam. 14 miles N. W. from Batavia, and
299, by railroad, N. of W. from Albany. The
Rochester and Buffalo Railroad passes through it.

Berkley, Ms., Bristol co., was formerly a part
of Dighton, from which it is separated by Taun-
ton River. The noted “Dighton Rock" is' in
the limits of the town of Berkley. A part of
Assenet Bay is also within the town. 37 miles
S. from Boston, and 18 E. from Providence.

Berkley County, Ya., c. h. at Martinsburg. On
the N. border, in the valley. Drained by afflu-
ents of the Potomac, which washes its N. border.
Surface rough and broken.

Berkeley Springs, Va., Morgan co. 180 miles
N. N. W. from Richmond, in the village of Bath.

Berks County, Pa., c. h. at Reading. In the S.
E. part. Watered by the Schuylkill River, which
flows through it. Surface mostly mountainous;
soil productive. It is crossed by the Schuylkill
and Union Canals, and the Reading Railroad.

Berkshire County, Ms., c. h. at Lenox. On the
W. border. It is rough and hilly in many parts,
but affords considerable fine land. Berkshire is
the most elevated county in the state. On the
E. side lie the Green Mountains, which shut it
away from the rest of Massachusetts, and on the
W. are the Taghkanic Mountains, which sepa-
rate it from the state of New York. The Hou-
satonic and Hoosic are its chief rivers. This
county possesses, in rich and inexhaustible
abundance, iron, marble, and lime. It is well
wooded, and has much water power.

Berkshire Valley, N. J., Jefferson, Morris co.
Watered by a branch of Rockaway River, which
affords a water power, on which are several
forges. 12 miles N. W. from Morristown, and
17 N. from Trenton.

Berkshire, N. Y., Tioga co. Drained by E. and
W. Owego Creeks. The surface is hilly, but the
soil mostly very productive.
13 miles N. from
Owego village, and
168 W. by S. from Albany.

Berkshire, 0., 23 miles N. by E. from Co-

Berkshire, Vt.. Franklin co. Missisco River
runs through the S. E. corner, on which is some
fine intervale. Pike River passes through the
town, affording some of the finest mill sites in
the country. The soil is various, but generally
good; surface is diversified with gentle swells
and vales. 50 miles N. W. from Montpelier,
and 22 N. E. by E. from St Albans.

Berlin, Ct., Hartford co. The villages of
Worthington and New Britain are very pleasant.
The first manufacture of tin ware in this coun-
try was commenced at this place, about the
year 1770, by Edward Patterson, a native

Berlin, Me., Oxford co. 100 miles N. from

Berlin, Ms., Worcester co. Watered by North
Creek, a branch of the Assabet.
31 miles W.
by N. from Boston.

Berlin, N. H., Coos co. The Androscoggin
and Atnonoosuck Rivers pass through it; also
the railroad from Portland to Montreal. The
Androscoggin in this town descends more than
200 feet in a mile or two, and the principal fall,
worn through the solid rock, is a great curiosity.
140 miles N. from Concord, and 98 from Portland
by the railroad.

Berlin, N. Y., Rensselaer co. Little Hoosic
and Kinderhook Creeks, and the Poestenkill,
flow through this town. The surface is moun-

A Gazetteer of the United. States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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