Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 303

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nearly in the centre of the town. There is a
small village on the river, near the S. E. corner
of the town. This town is watered by Otta
Quechee Eiver, and by several considerable
branches. These streams afford numerous mill,
privileges. 45 miles S. from Montpelier, and 17
N. W. from Windsor.

Bridgeport, Ct. City and town, Eairfield co. 75
miles S. S. W. from Hartford; 17 miles S. W.
from New Haven, and 62 miles N. E. from the
city of New York. It is on the W. side of an arm
of Long Island Sound, into which the Pequanock
Eiver enters. The township contains about 10
square miles of excellent land, and was separated
from Stratford in 1821. The city has had a
rapid and prosperous growth. It was 'incorpo-
rated as a city in 1836. It is chiefly built on a
plain, elevated a few feet above high-water mark,
and is handsomely laid out and neatly built.
There is a terrace of about 50 feet ascent at the
N. side of the city, above which there is a surface
of about half a mile square, on which are a num-
ber of beautiful private mansions, delightfully
situated for the prospect of the city and of the
Sound, which lie spread out before them. There
are five or six handsome church edifices, belong-
ing to different denominations. Some of the
hotels are spacious and elegant buildings.

A large business is done at Bridgeport in the
coasting trade, and something in foreign com-
merce. Some vessels are employed in whaling
and other fisheries. The harbor is safe ; but the
entrance of large vessels drawing more than
13 feet of water is impeded by the bar at its
mouth. A steamboat plies daily between Bridge-
port and New York. This is the S. terminus of
the Housatonic Eailroad, which connects at
"West Stockbridge, Mass., with the Western Eail-
road from Boston to Albany, and with another
to Hudson, N.
Y% The New York and New
Haven Eailroad, which is part of a continuous
route to Boston, passes through this place. The
Naugatuck Eailroad also comes in here.

Bridport, Yt., Addison co. Level, and the soil
generally is a brittle marl, or clay. The hills
are a loam and red slaty sandstone. A range
of shelly blue slate extends through the town,
lying generally a little below the surface. This
town is poorly watered, there being no durable
mill streams, and the springs and ground gener-
ally being impregnated with Epsom salts. For
family use rain water is generally employed.
There are several landing-places for goods on
the lake shore. Lake Champlain forms the west-
ern boundary of this town; across this lake to
Crown Point is 2 miles. 12 miles W. by S. from
Middlebury, and 45 S. W. from Montpelier.

Brier Creek, Pa. An easterly township of Co-
lumbia co. 94 miles N. from Harrisburg.

Brighton, Me., Somerset co. 50 miles N. from

Brighton, Ms., Middlesex co. 5 miles S. W. by
W. from Boston. Washed by Charles Eiver on
the W. and N. The soil is excellent, and highly
cultivated. Winship's gardens are noted through-
out the country for their nurseries of fruit-trees
and shrubbery, and for their grand display of
plants and flowers of every, variety. J. Breck &
Co.'s garden, and horticultural and seed estab-
lishment, and Warren's gardens, attract much at-
tention. Brighton is the largest cattle market
in New England. The Boston and Worcester
Eailroad passes through it.

Brighton, N. Y., Monroe co. Watered by
Genesee Eiver. The surface is slightly uneven,
the soil sandy or clay loam. 3 miles E. from
Eochester, and 255 miles N.
W. from Albany.

Brighton, Pa., Beaver co. On the W. side of
the Big Beaver, about 4 miles from the Ohio
Eiver, and 231 miles
W. by N. from Harrisburg.
It is connected with New Brighton on the oppo-
site side of the Big Beaver by a bridge. The
water power at this place is extensive, and is im-
proved for flouring mills, the manufacture of
cottons, &c.

Brighton, Vt., Essex co. Watered chiefly by
Ferren's Eiver, and other head branches of Clyde
Eiver. Some of the head branches of the Pas-
sumpsic and Nulhegan Eivers originate here.
A very good township of land, and contains
much excellent white pine timber, with several
fine mill sites. 70 miles N. E. from Mont-

Brimfield, Ms., Hampden co. A fine farming
town, with a good soil, and is well watered by
Quinnebaug Eiver. 19 miles E. by N. from
Springfield, and 70
W. by S. from Boston.

Bristol, Ct., Hartford co. 20 miles W. by S.
from Hartford, and 28 miles N. from New Haven.
It is watered by streams which flow into the
Farmington Eiver. The surface of the town is
uneven and hilly. The soil, which is a grav-
elly loam, is considerably fertile, producing all
kinds of grain, grass, and fruit common to this
climate. But the great business of Bristol, for
which it has become celebrated far and near, is
the manufacture of clocks, which are made in
every variety of form and kind, whether of wood
or brass, and are sent into all parts of this coun-
try, and even to other countries. The number
of clocks produced in a single year has some-
times amounted to 100,000; as many as 16 or
18 manufactories being engaged in this business.
A good deal is also done in the manufacture of
buttons, and a variety of other articles.

There are churches here of the Congregational,
Baptist, Methodist, and Episcopal denominations.
The Congregational house of worship is situated
on the summit of a circular hill, around the base
of which the principal part of the village is
built along the stream which furnishes the power
for the manufactories.

Bristol is on the route of the railroad now in
process of construction from Hartford to Fish-
kill, N. Y., which is already in operation as far as
to this place. This railroad intersects the Canal
Eailroad at Plainville, and, as it proceeds west-
ward, will successively connect with the Nauga-
tuck, the Housatonic, the Haerlein, and the Hud-
son Eiver Eailroads, and terminate opposite New-
burg, from which a branch is opened to the great
Erie Eailroad.

Bristol County, Ms., Taunton and New Bedford,
shire towns. In the S. part, bordering on E. I.
Taunton and Pawtucket are its chief rivers.
The surface is somewhat broken, but generally
level; soil mostly inferior quality. It has a
maritime coast of considerable extent, indented
with numerous headlands, small bays, and har-
bors. This county gives rise to many streams
that fall into Massachusetts and Narraganset
Bays, and its water power is abundant in almost
every town. It abounds in excellent iron ore.

Bristol, Me., Lincoln co. On the Damariscot-
ta and Petnaquid Eivers. 60 miles N. E. from
Portland, and 32 S. E. from Augusta.

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