Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 343

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Cumberland County, Me., c. h. at Portland. In
the S. W. part of the state, between Casco Bay
on the S. E. and the River Kennebec on the N.
E. Fertile, and under good cultivation. Several
railroads pass through it.

Cumberland, Me., Cumberland co. Setoff from
the westerly part of Yarmouth in 1821.    54

miles S. W. from Augusta, and 10 N. from
Portland. Cumberland is pleasantly situated on
Casco Bay, and enjoys many navigable facilities.

Cumberland, Md., c. h. Alleghany co. On the
N. bank of the Potomac River, at the junction of
Wills Creek, and 166 miles W. N. W. from
Annapolis. The Cumberland or national road,
and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad pass through
it, and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal terminates
here. Coal abounds in the neighborhood, and is
largely exported down the Potomac.

Cumberland County, N. C., c. h. at Fayetteville.
S. E. central. On both sides of Cape Fear River.
Surface undulating, and watered by the Cape
Fear River and branches ; soil light and thin.

Cumberland County, N. J., c. h. at Bridgetown.
S. part. On Delaware Bay. Drained by Mau-
rice and Tuckahoe Rivers, and Stow and Cohan-
sey Creeks. A salt marsh of from half a mile
to a mile in width borders on Delaware Bay.
Soil rather light, but fertile in parts. Iron ore
and marl are found in this county.

Cumberland County, Pa., c. h. at Carlisle. S. E.
central. Watered by Conedogwinet and Yellow
Breeches Creeks, branches of the Susquehanna
River. Surface somewhat hilly; soil very rich.
Iron ore is found here.

Cumberland, Pa., Adams co. Between Marsh
and Rock Creeks, and drained by Bear and
Willoughby Runs.

Cumberland, Pa., Green co. Watered by Muddy
Creek, a branch of the Monongahela River. Sur-
face level; soil loamy. 11 miles E. from Waynes-

Cumberland Valley, Pa., Bedford co. Between
Evits and Will's Mountains, and watered by
Evits Creek.

Cumberland, R. I., Providence co. Pawtucket,
Mill, and Peter's Rivers, and Abbot's Run, af-
ford the town a good hydraulic power. 8 miles
from Providence.

Cumberland County, Va., c. h. at Cumberland.
E. central. Between the Appomattox and James
Rivers. Surface somewhat hilly, and drained
by Willis River; soil fertile.

Cumberland, Va., c. h. Cumberland co. On an
elevated position between Appomattox and Wil-
lis Rivers. 52 miles W. by S. from Richmond.

Cumming, Ga., c. h. Forsyth co. 9 miles W.
from Chattahoochee River, and 109 N. W. from

Cummings, Pa. Township, Lycoming co. Ill
miles N. from Harrisburg.

Cummington, Ms., Hampshire co. On the range
of the Green Mountains, but with a strong and
productive soil. Westfield River passes through
it, receiving many tributaries, which, with the
main river, afford much water power. 110 miles
W. from Boston.

Currituck County, N. C., c. h. at Currituck. On
the N. E. shore. This county comprises Roanoke
Island, and is divided into two parts by Curri-
tuck Sound. Surface level, and in parts marshy.

Currituck, N. C., c. h. Currituck co. On the
W. side of Currituck Sound. 242 miles E. N. E.
from Raleigh.

Cushing, Me., Lincoln co. Situated on St
George's River, opposite to the town of St
George. 45 miles N. E. from Augusta, and
about 12 miles S. from Warren. This place was
settled by emigrants from Ireland, as early as

Cussawago, Pa., Crawford co. 246 miles N.
W. by W. from Harrisburg.

Cuthbert, Ga., c. h. Randolph co. 150 miles S.
W. from Milledgeville.

Cutler, Me., Washington co. Bounded S. by
the Atlantic Ocean, and about 20 miles S. W.
from West Quoddy Head. It contains Little
Machias Bay and Little River, and is bounded
W. by Machias Bay. Cutler has a good harbor.
164 miles E. by
N. from Augusta.

Cuyahoga Falls, O., Summit co. So named
from the falls in the Cuyahoga River, on which
the place is situated, being about 40 miles S. of
Cleveland, and 128 N. E. from Columbus. This
place was laid out in 1837, and had so rapid a
growth that in 1840 it was the rival of Akron
for the county seat, from which it is 4 miles
distant. The Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal
passes through this place, and enters the Ohio
Canal at Akron. The falls afford an excellent
water power, which is already employed to op-
erate several large paper mills, flour mills, and
other manufactories ; and is available for further
application to a large extent.

The falls themselves present many wild and
romantic features for the admiration of the lov-
ers of nature. The Cuyahoga has a descent
here, in the course of a little more than 2 miles,
of about 200 feet, over stratified rocks, which,
for a portion of the distance, are worn away, or
were originally separated by some convulsion of
nature, into a chasm of nearly that depth. The
ravine thus formed, with the rapids and cas-
cades of the river passing through it, exhibits
many points of bold and picturesque scenery.
The Indian name for these falls was
which signifies, it is said, shedding tears.

Cuyahoga County, O., c. h. Cleveland. N. E.
part on the shore of Lake Erie. The Cuyahoga,
Rocky, and Chagrin Rivers are the principal
ones, and they all run northwardly into Lake
Erie. The county takes its name from the prin-
cipal river.

Cynthiana, Ky., c. h. Harrison co. On the E.
side of the S. fork of Licking River. 37 miles
N. E. from Frankfort.

Dade County, Fa., c. h. at Key Biscayune.
N. by Lake Okeechobee, E. by St. Lucie
county, S. E. and S. by the Atlantic Ocean, and
W. by Monroe county. This county comprises
several keys, or islands, lying off its coast; and
in the
N. part is a tract of land called the Ever-
glades, covered with water from one to six feet
deep, and dotted with fertile islands and cypress
swamps. The Everglades were a celebrated re-
treat of the Seminole Indians during the Florida
war. Soil fertile in parts, and especially along
the sea-coast.

Dade County, Ga., c. h. at Trenton. Bounded
N. by Tennessee, E. and S. by Walker co.,
and W. by Alabama. Lookout Creek, a branch
of the Tennessee River, waters it. Surface
mountainous; soil fertile in the valleys.

Dade County, Mo., c. h. at Greenfield. Bound-
N. by Cedar co., E. by Folk and Green
counties, S. by Lawrence, and W. by Jasper

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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