Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 501

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from Bennington, Vt., and the latter from Nor-
wich, Ct. 57 miles N. W. from Montpelier, and
28 N. N. W. from Burlington.

North Kingston, R. I., Washington co. This is
a wealthy township, on the W. side of Narragan-
set Bay. The surface of the town is uneven; the
soil is a gravelly loam, well adapted for the cul-
ture of grain and vegetables, and the productions
of the dairy. There are some forests in the
town, of good ship timber. It is watered by
several small streams, which produce a good wa-
ter power, on which are numerous manufacturing
establishments. These streams afford bass and
other fish in abundance. There is considerable
navigation owned at North Kingston, which is
employed in the coasting trade and fishery.
Wickford village, in this town, is very pleasant
and flourishing; it has a good harbor, and is a
place of considerable trade. It lies about 2 miles
E. of the Stonington Railroad. 30 miles S. from

North Middleton, Pa., Cumberland co. Wa-
tered by Conadogwinit Creek and its branches,
and is bounded N. by Blue Mountains, in which
occur Sterret's and Long's Gaps. Surface level
in some portions; soil calcareous loam and slate.

Northport, Me., Waldo co. On Penobscot Bay.
46 miles E. from Augusta, and 6 S. from Belfast.

North Providence, R. I., Providence co. This
ancient and wealthy town was a part of Provi-
dence until 1767.

The surface of this town is uneven, consisting
of moderate elevations and gentle declivities.
The rocks are primitive and transition; some
limestone is found.

The prevailing soil is a gravelly loam, which
is interspersed with tracts of sandy loam, and
some of calcareous. The forests consist of oak,
walnut, and some pine.

The waters of the town consist of the Seekonk
River, which washes its eastern border; the
Wanasquatucket, which forms its western boun-
dary ; and the Mashasuck, which intersects the in-
terior of the township. These streams afford
numerous sites for hydraulic works, some of
which are almost unrivalled. There are some
valuable shad and herring fisheries in the See-

The village of Pawtucket is situated in the N.
E. section of the town, four miles N. E. from
Providence, on the border of the Seekonk River;
its site being principally the declivity of a hill, and
it is highly romantic and picturesque. The river
here affords numerous natural sites for manufac-
turing establishments, mills, and hydraulic works
of almost every description, which are scarcely
rivalled, and which are occupied to a great extent.
The rapid march of manufacturing and mechan-
ical industry, which the short annals of this place
disclose, has few examples in our country, and
has produced one of the most considerable and
flourishing manufacturing villages in the United
States. The river here forms the boundary line
between Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and
the village is built upon both sides of it, being
partly in each state. That part of the village
which is in Rhode Island is principally built on
four streets, and comprises a large number of
handsome buildings. 4 miles N. of Providence,
and 38 S. W. from Boston by the Boston and
Providence Railroad.

North Salem, N. Y., Westchester co. Watered
by Titicus Creek or River, a branch of the Cro-
ton, which bounds it on the W. Surface rather
hilly ; soil gravelly and clay loam. 24 miles N.
from White Plains, and 122 S. from Albany.

North Sewickly, Pa., Beaver co. Slippery Rock
and Conquenessing Creeks unite in this town,
and flow into Beaver River. Surface undulating;
soil calcareous loam. 233 miles W. by N. from

North Stonington, Ct., New London co. This
town was taken from Stonington in 1808. It is
watered by the Pawcatuck and its branches, which
afford good mill sites. The surface is uneven,
hilly, and abounding in granitic rocks. The soil
is a gravelly loam, and generally productive of
good pasturage. Agriculture is the principal em-
ployment of the inhabitants. Milltown is a pretty
village, with some trade. 13 miles S. E. from
New London, and 50 S. E. from Hartford.

North Strabane, Pa., Washington co. Char-
tier's and Little Chartier's Creeks flow through
this town, and unite on its N. border. Surface
hilly; soil loamy.

Northumberland, N. H., Coos co. On the E.
bank of Connecticut River. The soil along the
river is very productive, perfectly free from stone
and gravel, and originally covered with a growth
of butternut. A portion of the upland is also
good, and covered with pine, spruce, &c. Cape
Horn, an abrupt mountain, 1000 feet in height,
lies near the centre of the town. At the falls in
the Connecticut, below the mouth of the Amo-
noosuck, a handsome bridge connects this town
with Guildhall, Yt. A dam is thrown across the
river at this place, at both ends of which are
pleasant villages, and mills of various kinds are
erected. The scenery of Northumberland is
very wild and beautiful. Eirst settlers, Thomas
Burnside and Daniel Spaulding, with their fam-
ilies. Settled in 1762.    130 miles N. from Con-

cord, and 7 N. E. from Lancaster. On the Mon-
treal and Atlantic Railroad.

Northumberland, N. Y., Saratoga co. Bounded
on the E. by the Hudson River. A level town,
with a soil of sandy loam. 15 miles N. E. from
Ballston Spa, and 36 N. N. E. from Albany.

Northumberland County, Pa., c. h. at Sunbury.
Bounded N. by Lycoming and Columbia coun-
ties, E. by Luzerne and Schuylkill, S. by Dau-
phin co., and W. by Susquehanna River, sep-
arating it from Perry, Juniata, Union, and Ly-
coming counties. Drained by the main and
some smaller branches of the Susquehanna.
Surface rough and mountainous, except on the
border of the river, where it is more level, and
the soil fertile.

Northumberland, Pa., Northumberland co. 59
miles N. from Harrisburg. It is situated at the
confluence of the N. and W. branches of the
Susquehanna River. It is connected by bridges
across both of these branches with the opposite
shores. The country spreads out behind the
town in a semicircular area, rising gradually to-
wards Montouss ridge, which crosses from one
river to the other, about 3 miles distant. The
village is regularly laid out with broad streets,
and is a quiet and pleasant place of residence.
Business has been in some measure withdrawn
from this place by the facilities offered for pass-
ing up the respective branches between which it
is located by the Susquehanna North and West
Branch Canals, which meet here. Each branch
has its respective trading town at a point farther
up. There is, nevertheless, considerable trade

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