Licking River, a little W. from Slate Creek, and
73 miles E. from Erankfort.
Owsley County, Ky., c. h. at Boonville. New.
Oxford. Ct,, New Haven co. Oxford was
taken from Derby in 1798. It is watered by
Housatonic and Naugatuck Rivers. The surface
of the town is diversified with hills and valleys;
the soil is generally a gravelly loam, fertile and
productive. The water power at this place is
excellent. Erom Governor's Hill a fine view of
the neat village of Quaker Farms and the sur-
rounding country is presented. About a mile S.
of the central part of the town is a remarkable
mineral spring, called The Pool,'' from the
circumstance of its waters being efficacious and
much used for the cure of the salt rheum and
other complaints. Once in a month a yellow-
ish scum will collect upon the surface of the
water, which in a few days runs off, and leaves
the pool perfectly clear. In the coldest weather,
this spring never freezes; in the dryest season it
is as full as at other times.''
Oxford, la., c. h. Benton co.
Oxford County, Me., c. h. at Paris. On the
western border of the state. The Upper Andros-
coggin flows through it from W. to E. Lake
Umbagog, the source of the river, is in the N.
part, which is still unsettled. Rough and moun-
tainous in some parts, but with much good
Oxford, Me., Oxford co. This town is watered
by Little Androscoggin River and several ponds.
It contains some excellent land, and two flour-
ishing villages. Oxford lies 52 miles S. W. from
Augusta, and 8 S: from Paris.
Oxfirrd, Ms., Worcester co. This town was
granted to Joseph Dudley and others, in 1683,
for the accommodation of about 30 French
Protestant families, who had escaped from
France after the revocation of the edict of Nantz.
They settled here about 1686, and built a fort on
a hill in the eastern part of the town, now called
Mayo's or Fort Hill, where its remains are still
visible. The Indian name of the town was
Mancharge. The surface is not very hilly ; in its
centre is a fine plain, a mile and a half in length,
and a mile in width. From this plain the lands
gently rise on all sides. The soil is strong and
fertile, and under good cultivation. About three
quarters of a mile W. from the plain, on which is
a large and handsome village, runs French River,
from the N. to the S., and falls into the Quine-
baug. This river (so named from the first set-
tlers) and its tributaries give to Oxford a great
hydraulic power. Woollen and Thread Villages,
about a mile apart, on French River, are impor-
tant manufacturing places. The Norwich and
Worcester Railroad passes through the town.
11 miles S. from Worcester, and 58 S. W. by W.
Oxford, Mi., c. h. La Fayette co. 160 miles N.
N. E. from Jackson.
Oxford, N. C., c. h. Granville co. On the W.
side of Fishing Creek. 6 miles N. from Tar
River, and 45 N. from Raleigh.
Oxford, N. J., Warren co. Bounded on the
W. by Delaware River, and drained by Pequest
Creek and its tributary, Beaver Brook, both mill
streams. Surface rough and mountainous ; soil
fertile in the valleys.
Oxford, N. Y., Chenango co. The Chenango
River, and, nearly parallel to it, the Chenango
Canal, pass through this town. Surface rolling ;
soil very fertile. 10 miles S. from Norwich, and
118 S. W. from Albany.
Oxford, 0., Butler co. 105 miles W. S. W. from
Columbus. The seat of Miami University, to
which the land belongs. See Colleges.
Oxford, Pa., Philadelphia co. Bounded S. E.
by the Delaware River, and drained by Tacony
Creek, a mill stream, and by Sissisocksink Creek.
Surface gently sloping; soil sandy loam.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Queens co. This large
town is watered by Oyster Bay on the N., and the
Great South Bay on the S. Surface somewhat
hilly and stony on the N., and level and sandy on
the S. 10 miles E. from North Hempstead, and
175 S. from Albany.
Ozark, As., c. h. Franklin co. On the N. side
of Arkansas River. 121 miles N. W. from Little
Ozark County, Mo., c. h. at Rockbridge.
Bounded N. by Wright and Texas counties, E.
by Oregon co., S. by Arkansas, and W. by
Taney co. Drained by the N. fork of White
Paducah, Ky., McCracken co. On the S.
bank of Ohio River, immediately below the
mouth of the Tennessee, and 284 miles W. S. W.
Page County, Io., c. h. at Nodaway. In the S. E.
angle of the state, bordering on Missouri.
Page County, Va., c. h. at Luray. Bounded N.
by Warren co., E. by Rappahannock and Madi-
son, S. by Rockingham, and W. by Shenandoah
co. Drained by the S. fork of Shenandoah
River. Surface hilly, the Blue Ridge forming
its E. boundary; soil chiefly fertile.
Pahaquarry, N.J., Warren co. Blue Mountain
bounds this town on the W., and on its S. W.
boundary the Delaware River passes through the
mountain, forming the Delaware Water Gap. A
road has been constructed through this Gap, by
excavating the mountain, which was formerly
nearly impassable on the Jersey side. The sur-
face of the town is mountainous, except on the
Delaware, where are rich bottom lands. 15
miles N. from Belvidere.
Painted Post, N. Y., Steuben co. At the junc-
tion of Conhocton and Tioga Rivers, on the site
of an old Indian burial-ground, in which a paint-
ed post was erected by them in memory of a dis-
tinguished chief. 212 miles W. by S. from
Albany. It has large water power, and 3 miles
N. a mineral spring. The Erie Railroad passes
Painesville, 0., c. h. Lake co. A very flourish-
ing place on the southern shore of Lake Erie,
and contains many valuable farms. Grand River
bounds the south-eastern part, then runs N., and
flows across the township into the lake. 170 miles
N. E. from Columbus, and 30 E. from Cleveland.
Paintsville, Ky., c. h. Kentucky co.
Palatine, N. Y., Montgomery co. Watered by
Garoga Creek, a branch of the Mohawk River,
which bounds it on the S. Surface hilly, and
the promontory called Anthony's Nose is situated
in this town. The soil is remarkably fertile and
productive in some parts. 10 miles W. from
Fonda, and 52 N. W. from Albany.
Palermo, Me., Waldo co. A good farming
town, embracing the head waters of the Sheeps-
cot River. 16 miles E. N. E. from Augusta.
Palermo, N. Y., Oswego co. Catfish Creek
waters this town, the surface of which is undu-