8 miles E. from Rochester city, and 211 N. of W.
Penn, Pa., Chester co. Drained by branches
of Elk and White Clay Creeks. Surface level;
Boil sandy loam. 36 miles S. W. from Phila-
Penn's Neck, Lower, N. J., Salem co. Bounded
on the W. and S. W. by the Delaware River.
Surface level, and in parts marshy; soil cliy and
Penn's Neck, Upper, N. J., Salem co. Surface
level: soil light sandy loam.
Penn Yan, N. Y., c. h. Yates co. On the out-
let of Crooked Lake, which affords good water
power. Is traversed by the Crooked Lake Canal.
W. from Albany 192 miles.
Penobscot County, Me., c. h. at Bangor. E. cen-
tral part. On both banks of the Penobscot,
which flows S. through it. The northern part is
still unsettled. Undulating and fertile.
Penobscot, Me., Hancock co. On the E. side of
Penobscot Bay, nearly opposite Belfast. 75 miles
E. by N. from Augusta.
Pensacola, Ea. City, port of entry, and seat of
justice of Escambia co. 242 miles W. from Tal-
lahassee, and about 64 miles E. from Mobile.
Situated on Pensacola Bay, 10 miles from its en-
trance into the Gulf of Mexico. It is on a dry
and sandy plain, gently rising 40 or 50 feet above
the level of the water. It is regularly laid out,
in the form of a parallelogram, more than a mile
in length, having 2 public squares, and streets
crossing each other at right angles. It contains a
court house, jail, custom house, public storehouse,
&c. The shore at Pensacola is low and sandy;
and vessels only of a light draught can reach the
city. But the bay affords one of the most safe
and capacious harbors in the Gulf of Mexico. The
United States government has established a naval
station and depot near this place, for which it is
well fitted by its excellent harbor and the facilities
for obtaining ship timber in its vicinity. The navy
yard is on the bay, 8 miles from the city, and covers
80 acres of ground, enclosed by a high brick wall.
Pensbury, Pa., Chester co. Drained by Pocop-
sen Creek and other small streams flowing into
Brandywine Creek, which forms its E. boun-
dary. Surface gently declining; soil calcareous
Peoria County, Is., c. h. at Peoria. Incorporat-
ed in 1825. Bounded N. by Stark and Marshall
counties, E. and S. E. by the Illinois River, sep-
arating it from Woodford and Tazewell counties,
and S. W. and W. by Fulton and Knox counties.
Drained by Spoon River, and Copperas, Kicka-
poo, and Senatchwine Creeks. Surface undulat-
ing ; soil very fertile.
Peoria, Is., c. h. Peoria co. On the W. bank of
Illinois River, at the outlet of Peoria Lake. The
river here has 2 shelving banks : the first, rising
gradually from 6 to 12 feet above high-water
mark, extends back from the river a quarter of a
mile; the second bank then rises 5 or 6 feet, and
extends back to the bluffs, which rise abruptly to
a height of from 60 to 100 feet. 70 miles N. from
Pepperell, Ms., Middlesex co. This is a pleas-
ant town, with a good soil, variegated surface, and
beautiful villages. It is watered by the Nashua
River, which gives it a good water power. This
town derived its name from Sir William Pepper-
ell. 20 miles N. W. from Concord, and 37 N.
W. from Boston.
Pequannock, N. J., Morris co. Pequannock
Creek runs on the N. E., and Pompton River on
the E. boundary of this town, which is also
drained by a branch of Rockaway Creek, and
contains Green Pond, a beautiful sheet of water,
3 miles long, and half a mile wide, and abound-
ing with fish. Surface hilly and mountainous,
iron ore being found in the N. W. portions, and
sulphate of iron in Copperas Mountain. The
Morris Canal passes through the S. part of this
town. 10 miles N. of Morristown.
Perquimans County, N. C., c. h. at Hertford.
Bounded N. by Gates co., E. by Pasquotank co.,
S. by Albemarle Sound, and W. by Chowan co.
Drained by Little River, which runs on its N. E.
boundary, and by Perquimans River.
Perrinton, N. Y., Monroe co. Watered by the
Irondequoit Creek and some of its branches.
Surface hilly ; soil productive. 10 miles E.from
Rochester, and 209 N. of W. from Albany.
Perry County, Aa., c. h. at Marion. Bounded
N. by Tuscaloosa and Bibb counties. E. by Bibb
and Autauga, S. by Dallas, and W. by Marengo
and Greene counties. Watered by the Catawba
River and branches, and by branches of the Black
Perry, Ga., c. h. Houston co. On the N. bank
of Indian Creek, nearly equidistant between Flint
and Ockmulgee Rivers, and 59 miles S. W. from
Perry County, Is., c. h. at Pinckneyville. Bound-
ed N. by Washington, E. by Jefferson and Frank-
lin, S. by Jackson, and W. by Randolph co.
Drained by St. Mary's River and Big Beaueoup
and Little Muddy Creeks. Surface level; soil
Perry County, la., c. h. at Troy. Bounded N.
and N. E. by Dubois and Crawford counties, E.
and S. by the Ohio River, separating it from
Kentucky, and W. by Spencer co. Drained by
Anderson's, Deer, Bear, and Oil Creeks.
Perry County, Ky., c. h. at Perry. Bounded
N. by Breathitt, E. by Letcher and Floyd, S. by
Letcher and Harlan, and W. by Clay co. The
N. fork of Kentucky River and its branches drain
the interior of this county, and the Middle Fork
runs on its W. border.
Perry, Me.. Washington co. On the St. Croix
5 miles N. W. from Eastport, with which it is
connected by a bridge. There is an Indian res-
ervation in this town, the residence of the rem-
nant of the Passamaquoddies, about 100 in
Perry County, Mi., c. h. at Augusta. Bounded
N. by Jones, E. by Greene and Jackson, S. by
Harrison, and W. by Marion co. Drained by
Leaf River and Black Creek, and their branches.
Surface uneven ; soil rather sterile.
Perry County, Mo., c. h. at Perryville. Bound-
ed N. E. and E. by the Mississippi River, separat-
ing it from Illinois, S. by Cape Girardeau co.,
and W. and N. W. by St. Francois and St. Gene-
vieve counties. Drained by several streams, af-
fording excellent hydraulic power. Surface di-
versified ; soil very rich on the bottoms.
Perry, N. Y., Wyoming co. Watered by Sil-
ver Lake and its outlet. Surface undulating;
soil well adapted to grass and grain. 7 miles E.
from Warsaw, and 239 W. from Albany.
Perry County, O., c. h. at Somerset. Licking
co. is on the N., Muskingum and Morgan on the
E., Athens and Ilocking on the S., and Fairfield
on the W. The land is hilly and good for wheat.