Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 580

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 579 ...Page 581

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


good, and is well adapted for the production of
grain and meadow grasses. Youghiogany and
Conemaugh Rivers drain it.

Somerset, Pa., c. h. Somerset co. On Cox's
Creek. 40 miles W. from Harrisburg.

Somerset, Pa., Somerset co. Drained by Lau-
rel Hill, Middle, and Cox's Creeks. Surface un-
dulating; soil clay.

Somerset, Pa., Washington co. This township
is situated between the eastern branch of Char-
tier's Creek and Pigeon Creek.

Somerset, Vt., Windham co. Mount Pisgah
and other elevations give to the surface of this
township so rough and dreary an aspect, that but
few are bold enough to attempt the cultivation
of its soil. It is watered by the upper branches
of Deerfield River. 14 miles N. E. from Ben-
nington, and 16 N. W. from Brattleboro'.

Somers Point, N. J., Atlantic co. On Great
Egg Harbor Bay, and port of entry for that dis-
trict. S. from Trenton 91 miles. A place of
summer resort.

Somersworth, N. H., Strafford co. The soil is
well adapted to Indian corn, and most kinds of
grain and grass. The tide flows on the E. side
of this town, 4 miles, to Quamphegan Falls.
The S. part of the town bounds on Cocheco River.
The White Mountains may be seen from the
summit of Otis Hill. There are but 2 ponds
of note in this town— Humphrey's, on the line of
Dover, 200 rods long and 120 wide, and Cole's,
150 rods long and 75 wide. Red and yellow
ochre, also iron ore, have been found here. At
Great Falls, on Salmon River, is a large and
flourishing village. The water falls 100 feet,
and produces a power of great value. First set-
tlers, William Wentworth, John Hall, William
Stiles, and others. 12 miles N. by W. from Ports-
mouth, and 45 E. from Concord. The Boston
and Maine Railroad passes through this town,
with a branch to the village of Great Falls,
whence a railroad extends towards Conway.

Somerville, Aa., c.h. Morgan co. 5 miles S.
from Tennessee River, and 133 miles N. N. E.
from Tuscaloosa.

Somerville, Ms., Middlesex co. This town was
set off from Charlestown, and incorporated in

1842. A considerable part of it is elevated above
the surrounding country. The celebrated hills,
called Winter and Prospect, are comprised in the
town of Somerville. The town is bounded in
part by Mystic River, Miller's Creek, and an arm
of Charles River. The McLean Asylum for the
Insane is in this town. A small stream, called
the Shawsheen, runs through the town. The Milk
Row Bleaching Company have their extensive
works in this place. The most extensive and
beautiful views of the city and surrounding coun-
try are to be had from the tops of Winter and
Prospect Hills. From Boston about 3 miles N.
W. Three important lines of railroads pass
through the town.

The Tufts College was chartered A. D. 1852,
and is situated on land lying partly in Somer-
ville and partly in Medford, given by Charles
Tufts, of Somerville, after whom it is named. It
is 5 miles from Boston, near the Lowell Railroad.
Its site is one of the finest in the country, and
commands a view of Boston, its neighboring
cities and beautiful towns. Its funds amount at
present to $100,000, raised by subscription,
through the exertions of Rev. Otis A. Skinner,

D. D., of Boston. The Institution was established
by the Universalists, though it is not sectarian in
its character, each student being left free to choose
his own meeting, and to enjoy his own religious
opinions. The system of instruction is adapted,
not only to those who wish to fit themselves for
one of the professions, but also to those who wish
to pursue the business of a farmer, mechanic, or
manufacturer, particular attention being paid to
the natural sciences.

The buildings are in progress of erection, and
will probably be completed in 1853.

Somerville, N. J., c. h. Somerset co., is a neat
and well-built village, located in a fertile and high-
ly-cultivated country, on Raritan River. 16 miles
above New Brunswick, and 38 a little E. of N.
from Trenton.

Somerville, Te., c. h. Fayette co. Half a mile
S. from Loosahatchie River, and 185 miles W. S.
W. from Nashville.

Sonoma County, Ca. N. of San Pablo Bay, the
northern expansion of San Francisco Bay, and
between the Petaloma Creek and Nappa River.

Sonoma, Ca., c. h. Sonoma co. About 20 miles
N. W. from Vallejo. This is one of the best
farming districts in the state. ,In the Sonoma,
Napa, and Suisan valleys, the land is good, the
country healthy, and the temperature is never
very cold in winter — snow being seen only on
the highest mountains. This part of the country
contains the best of grazing land, many places
being covered with clover and with wild oats.

Sonora, Ca., c. h. Tuolumne co. In the moun-
tains, on the head waters of Tuolumne River.

Southampton, Ms., Hampshire co. This town
was the second parish of Northampton until its
incorporation in 1753. It is well supplied with
mill sites, by Manham River, a considerable
stream. The Canal Railroad to New Haven
passes through the eastern part of the town. Lead
is found here, and there is a subterraneous pas-
sage leading to a lead mine. This is an artificial
excavation, mostly in solid rock, of 900 feet in
length, and large enough to admit a boat. The
soil is well adapted to agricultural pursuits. 12
miles N. W. from Springfield, and 118 from Bos-
ton by the railroads.

Southampton, N. Y., Suffolk co. Bounded on
the N. by Great and Little Peconic Bays, and S.
by the Atlantic Ocean. Surface chiefly level;
soil light sand and sandy loam, very productive
when well cultivated. 10 miles S. E. from River-
head, and 247 from Albany.

Southampton, Pa., Bedford co. Qne of the
southern townships. 8 miles S. from the borough
of Bedford.

Southampton, Pa., Bucks co. A township op-
posite the N. W. angle of Philadelphia co., and
the N. E. angle of Montgomery.

Southampton County, Va., c. h. at Jerusalem,
This county is bounded by North Carolina S.,
Greensville S. W., Sussex N. W., Surry W., and
Blackwater River of Isle of Wight and Nanse-
mond E. Nottaway River crosses this county,
and it is washed by Blackwater River on the E.,
and the Mehere on the S. W.

Southwark, Pa. See Philadelphia.

South Beaver, Pa., Beaver co. A township N.
from Ohio River, and adjoining the state of Ohio.

South Bend, la., c. h. St. Joseph's co. On a
high bluff on the S. bank of St. Joseph's River,
Possesses great water privileges.

Southboro\ Ms., Worcester co. Taken from
Marlboro' in 1727. This is not a large town, but

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.