Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 625

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until its incorporation in 1787. Acoakset River,
extending the whole length of the town, affords
a good water power. There is another flourish-
ing village in the town, called the Head of West-
port, on the Acoakset. There is much good
land here, but the surface is somewhat varied.
The village at the harbor lies about 12 miles S.
W. from New Bedford, and 67 S. from Boston.

Westport, N. Y., Essex co. Watered by Black
Creek and several small streams flowing into
Lake Champlain, which bounds it on the E.
Surface level on the E. and hilly on the W.; soil
clay and loam, chiefly fertile. 5 miles E. from
Elizabeth, and 123 N. N. W. from Albany.

West Rockhill, Pa., Bucks co. Watered by
Perkiomen Creek and a branch of Tohickon
Creek. Surface hilly; soil gravel. 92 miles E.
N. E. from Harrisburg.

West Roxbury, Ms., Norfolk co. A new town,
taken in 1852 from the city of Roxbury, includ-
ing the parish of West Roxbury, and the village
of Jamaica Plain.

West Springfield, Ms., Hampden co. This is
a large, pleasant, and flourishing agricultural
town, situated on the W. bank of Connecticut
River, and watered by the beautiful Westfield
River from W. to E. The surface of the town is
delightfully varied by hills and valleys. Proven's
Mountain is the principal elevation. The soil is
greatly varied, but for the most part the lands are
excellent. There are a number of pleasant and
flourishing villages in this large town; those
called West Springfield, Agawam, and Feed-
ing Hills, are the principal. This town was
formerly a part of Springfield, and called
Springfield Mountains. It w'as first settled about
1654. The town is connected with Springfield
by a bridge, four ferries, and by the Western Rail-
road, which crosses the river by a viaduct, and
passes through the town. 100 miles W. S. W.
from Boston, and 100 E. S. E. from Albany.

West Stoekbridge, Ms., Berkshire co., was for-
merly a part of Stoekbridge. It was purchased
of the Stoekbridge Indians, by the whites, and
called Queensboro', until its incorporation in 1774.
A collection of rugged hills occupy the centre of
the town. Tom Ball Mountain is near the S.
W. corner, and Stoekbridge Mountain is on the
eastern side. The S. and south-eastern parts
consist of rough, broken land. Lime quarries
abound, and much valuable marble is found here.
West Stoekbridge village, w'atered by Williams
River, is a pleasant, busy place ; it is the termi-
nus of the Housatonic Railroad from Bridgeport,
on Long Island Sound, but is united to the West-
ern Railroad by a branch railroad to the state
line, where a depot on the Western Railroad in
this town is located. From this depot the dis-
tances bv railroads are, to Boston 162 miles, to
Albany 38 miles.

West Troy, N. Y., upon the W. side of the Hud-
son, opposite Troy, is properly a suburb of that
city, and is connected with it by a bridge at the N.
part, and by three ferries farther S., which ply con-
tinually between the two places. It lies within the
limits of the township of W atervliet. It was incor-
porated as a village in 1836, comprising what was
before called the village of Watervliet, with Gib-
bonsville and Port Schuyler. Outlet locks here
connect the Erie and Champlajn Canals with the
Hudson Eiver. It has a valuable water power,
derived from the canal. There is a United States
arsenal, established here in 1813, which has sev-
eral extensive buildings of stone and brick, with
a large store of arms, arranged and kept in fine
order. Attached to this establishment are about
100 acres of land, enclosed by an iron fence in
front, and by a wall on the sides and rear, con-
taining in all nearly 40 buildings. A fine Mac-
adamized road connects West Troy with Albany,
6 miles distant. Enjoying similar advantages
for trade and business with Troy herself, this
flourishing suburb is destined, with the parent
city, to a rapid growth.

West Turin, N. Y., Lewis co. Watered by
Fish Creek and Salmon River, and partly bounded
on the E. by Black River, in which are the High
Falls. The Black River Canal also enters the
river on the W. side, just below the falls. Sur-
face mostly undulating; soil rich sandy loam and
clav. 11 miles S. from Martinsburg, and 126
W. from Albany.

West Union, Io., c.h. Fayette co.

West Union, N. Y., Steuben co. Incorporated
in 1843.

West Union, O., Tiffin township, c. h. Adams
co. Lies 100 miles S. from Columbus, and 55 S.
W. from Chillicothe.

West Union, O., c. h. Adams co., 106 miles S.
from Columbus.

West Union, Va., c. h. Doddridge co.

Westville, Mi., c. h. Simpson co. A little S.
from Strong, a branch of Pearl River, and 55 miles
from Jackson.

Westville,' N. Y., Franklin co. Watered by
Salmon River. Is mostly a level town; soil
sandy loam. 8 miles N. W. from Malone, and
220 N. from Albany.

West Windsor, Vt., Windsor co. The western
part of the beautiful town of Windsor was set off
in the year 1848, and called by the above name.

Wethersfield, Ct., Hartford co. A very fertile
town on Connecticut River, adjoining Hartford,
and famous for the cultivation of onions, which
are raised in large quantities for exportation.
The state prison is here. It is situated on a cove
which sets back from the Connecticut at the N.
end of the village. The apartments of the warden
are at the E. end of the prison building. The
hall, or central part, is 154 feet long, 43 feet wide,
and 30 feet high, including 200 cells, in which the
male prisoners are locked up at night. The W.
end is used as the female department, containing
cells, rooms for labor, kitchen and apartments for
the matron. To the N. of the prison is a quadran-
gular yard, containing the workshops in which the
convicts perform their daily labor.

Wethersfield, N. Y., Wyoming co. Watered
by Tonawanda and Wiskoy Creeks. Surface
rolling; soil well suited to grass. 10 miles S.
W. from Warsaw, and 258 W. from Albany.

Wetumpka, Aa., Montgomery co. This town
and village are situated on the Coosa River, a
few miles above its junction with Tallapoosa, to
form the Alabama, and by post road 110 miles
E. by S. E. from Tuscaloosa. It is in a healthy
and fertile section of country, at the head of
steamboat navigation, and is a flourishing village.

Wetzel County, Va., c. h. at New Martinsville.
N. W. part of the state. On the Ohio River.
Watered by Fishing Creek. Hilly.

Weybridge, Vt., Addison co. Weybridge is
watered by Otter Creek, which affords it good
mill sites. Lemonfair River, a sluggish stream,
also waters it. Some parts of the town are
mountainous, but the soil is generally good ; the

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