Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 224
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The Chenango Canal extends along Chenango River through the co. It crosses the river below
Earlville, below Sherburne, and below Greene, upon wood aqueducts, supported by stone piers.
The Albany & Susquehanna R. R., now in process of construction, extends along the Susque¬
hanna through Bainbridge.

Five weekly newspapers are now published in the co.1

This co. included 11 of the “Twenty Towns” or “Governor’s Purchase,” the “Gore” lying
between them and the Military Tract, the Harper Patent of 16,000 acres, Yermont Sufferers’ Tract
of 40,960 acres,2 Livingston Tract of 16,000 acres, the French Tract of nearly the same extent, a
portion of the Chenango Triangle Tract, and several smaller tracts. The territory included within
the Twenty Townships was ceded to the State by the Indians, in a treaty held with Gov. George
Clinton, at Fort Schuyler, Sept. 22, 1788.3 This tract is sometimes called “ Clinton’s Purchase,”
and sometimes “ The Governor’s Purchase.”

The early settlers were principally from Yt., Conn., and the eastern part of the State. The
settlers in the
n. part of the co. came in by way of Rome, and those in the central and s. parts by
way of Chenango and Susquehanna Rivers. Many of the early settlers almost perished from want
of fopd, at times, during the first few years. A colony of French settled at Greene in 1792, but,

1 The Western Oracle, the first paper published in the co., was
commenced by A.' Romeyn, previous to 1804, at Sher¬
burne Four Corners. It was discontinued in 1808
or ’09.

The Olive Branch was started at Sherburne in May, 1806, by
& Fairchild. In 1808 John F. Fairchild became

sole proprietor. - Miller,    Lot Clark, and John B.

Johnson were successively interested in its publication.
In 1812 or ’13 Johnson changed its name to

The Volunteer. In 1816 the press was purchased by John F.
Hubbard, who commenced

The Norwich Journal. In 1844 it passed into the hands of La
Fayette Leal and J. H. Sinclair, who merged it with The
Oxford Republican in 1847 and changed the name to

The Chenango Union. Harvey Hubbard purchased
Leal’s interest Oct. 20,1847, Snd Sinclair’s interest Sept
1st 1859, and the paper is now published by Hubbard.

The Chenango Patriot was commenced at Oxford in 1807 by John

B. Johnson, and its publication continued for 3 or 4 yrs.

The President was published at Oxford in 1808 by Theophilus

The Republican Messenger was commenced at Sherburne in 1810
by Petit
& Percival.

The Oxford Gazette was started in 1814 by Chauncey Morgan,
who published it some years, when it was sold to Geo.
Hunt, and afterward to Hunt & Noyes. Mr. Morgan
again became proprietor in 1826, and after a few years
the paper was discontinued.

The Republican Agriculturalist was commenced Dec. 10,1818, by

Thurlow Weed. It soon passed into the hands of-

Curtiss, who continued it for a short time, when it was

The People's Advocate was commenced at Norwich in 1824 by H.

P. W. Brainard. It passed into the hands of Wm. G.'
Hyer, and was discontinued in a short time.

The Chenango Republican was commenced at Oxford in 1826 by
Benj. Cory. In 1828 it was purchased by Mack
& Chap¬
man. March 3,1831, Wm. E. Chapman and T. T. Flagler
commenced a new series, and soon after changed its
name to

The Oxfcrrd Republican. In 1838 Mr. Chapman became sole
proprietor. It was successively published by J. Taylor
Bradt, Benj. Welch, jr., R. A. Leal, C. E. Chamberlin,
and La Fayette Leal. In 1847 it was merged with The
Oxford Journal and published as The Chenango Union.

The Anti Masmiic Telegraph was commenced at Norwich in Nov.
1829, by E. P. Pellet. In 1831 B. T.Cook became asso¬
ciated in its [publication. Its name was subsequently
changed to

Tlie Chenango Telegraph. In 184Q, on the death of

E. P. Pellet, it passed into the hands of his brother, Nel-
*    son Pellet; and upon his death, in 1851, it was conducted

for the estate by E. Max Leal and F. B. Fisher. In Sept.
1855, it was purchased by Rice & Martin, by whom it is
now published. ■

The Chenango Patriot was commenced at Greene in 1830 by
Nathan Randall. It afterward passed into the hands
of Joseph M. Farr, who changed its name to

The Chenango Democrat, and in a short time it was discontinued.

The New Berlin Herald was commenced in 1831 by Samuel L.
Hatch. In 1834 it was published by Randall
& Hatch.
It soon after passed into the hands of Isaac C. Sheldon;
and afterward into the hands of Hiram Ostrander, who
changed its name to

The New Berlin Sentinel. It was discontinued about 1840.

The Chenango Whig was published at Oxford a short time in

The Miniature, a small mo., was issued from the same office.

The Sherburne  -was    commenced in 1836 by J. Worden

Marble. In 1839 it was removed to Binghampton.

The Oxford Times was commenced in 1836 by a joint
stock company. It was for some time conducted by H.

H. Cook. In 1841 it passed into the hands of E. II.
Purdy and C. D. Brigham. In 1844 it was published by
Waldo M. Potter; in 1845, by Potter & Galpin; and in
1848 J. B. Galpin became sole proprietor, and still con¬
tinues its publication.

The Bainbridge Eagle was commenced in 1843 by J. Hunt, jr.

In 1846 its name was changed to
The Bainbridge Freeman'; and in 1849 it was merged in
The Chenango Free Democrat, commenced at Norwich Jan. 1,
1849, by Alfred G. Lawyer; and J. D. Lawjir soon after
became associated in its publication. It was then early
removed to Cobleskill, Schoharie co.

The New Berlin Gazette, was commenced in 1849 by Jos. K. Fox
and M. E. Dunham, and was published about 1 year.
The Chenango News was commenced in 1850 by A. T. Boynton.
^ J. M. Haight soon after became associated in its publi-
* cation, and subsequently became sole proprietor. He
removed the press to Norwich, and, in connection with
A. P. Nixon, commenced the publication of
The Temperance Advocate in 1855, and published it 1 year, when
it was discontinued.

The Saturday Visitor was commenced in 18-52 by Joseph K. Fox.

Its name was soon after changed to
The Social Visitor, after which it was published about 5 years.
The Spirit of the Age was commenced at Berlin in 1852 by J. K.
Fox, J. D. Lawyer, editor. It was continued but a short

The Oxford Transcript was commenced in 1853 by G. N. Carhart,
and was published about 6 months.

The Sherburne Transcript was commenced in 1855 by James M.

Scarritt, and was published about 2 years.

The Chenango American was commenced at Greene,
Sept. 20, 1855, by Denison
& Fisher, its present pub¬

The Daily Reporter was commenced at Norwich in 1857 by G. II.
Smith. In 1858 it was purchased by Rice & Martin, and
was soon after discontinued.

The Literary Independent was commenced at Norwich in the
fall of 1858 by E, P. Pellet, G. H. & J. E. Spry. It was
. published about 4 months.

The New Berlin Pioneer was commenced Feb. 19,
1859, by Squires & Fox, its present publishers.

2 This tract was granted to relieve those persons who had
purchased lands of the State of New York within the present
limits of Vermont. These lands were claimed by both New
Hampshire and New York, and, after an angry and protracted
controversy, extending through several years, New York sur¬
rendered her claim to Vermont.

8 These towns were designated originally by their numbers
only, and are now in the counties of Madison, Chenango, and
Oneida, as follows:—


Present Towns.


Present Towns.










Nelson, Madison co.

Hamilton, “
Lebanon, “
Georgetown, “
Otselic, Chenango co.
Smyrna, “
Sherburne, “
Norwich and! {(
New Berlin, j











Plymouth, Chenango co.
Phatsalia, “
McDonough, “
Preston, “
Norwich, “
New Berlin, “
Columbus, .

j- Brookfield, “


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