New Yorkshire Gazetteer (1828) page 161
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Buckrose, 3 miles N. from Sledmere ;
inhabitants, 311. Here is a chapel of
ease to Weaverthorpe.

Lythe, N. R. (3) a parish and
township in the wapentake of Lang-
barugh, 4 miles W. from Whitby; in-
habitants, 1134; a vicarage, value
10/. 12s. 6d.; patron, the Archbishop
of York. Lythe is pleasantly situated
about a mile distant from the sea, near
the eastern extremity of Cleveland, but
is much exposed to the severe winds of
winter; to the south of the village,
upon the brow of a gently rising hill,
stands Mulgrave Castle, the stately seat
of the Earl of Mulgrave, commanding
several picturesque and romantic views,
with a prospect of the sea and Whitby
pier, and the ruins of the abbey. About
two miles distant from the mansion,
on a steep hill, are the remains of an
ancient castle, built, if you can believe
200 years before the Con-
quest, by Wada, a Saxon Duke ; which
opinion seems to be about as probable
as the tradition, that its owner was a
giant: on a hill to the north, still
higher than the castle, are certain
stones called Wadde's grave. This for-
tress, after passing through various fa-
milies, became the property of the Shef-
fields, Earls of Mulgrave, afterwards
Dukes of Buckinghamshire, which ti-
tles became extinct in
1735; the title
of Mulgrave was revived in the family
of Phipps, in
1767 ; the brother of the
present earl, Constantine John lord
Mulgrave, will be remembered by pos-
terity for his “ voyage to the north
pole,” a sufficient illustration of the
impracticability of the project, not need-
ing later proofs. The ancient castle
having been dismantled by order of par-
liament, after the civil wars, but little
remains of its former magnificence. The
parish of Lythe contains several alum
works, and the townships of Barnby,
Borrowby, Ellerby, Hutton Mulgrave,
Mickleby, Newton Mulgrave, andUg-
thorpe. Entire population, 2194.

M. .

Machon Bank, W.R. (8) a ham-
let in the township of Eeclesall Bier-
low, parish of Sheffield, wapentake of
Strafforth and Tickhill, 2 miles S. from

Maiden Castle, N.R. (1). See

Mains, High and Low, N. R. (1)
two small hamlets in the township and
parish of Masham, wapentake of Hang
2 miles N. W. from Masham.

Malham, W.R. (4) a township in
the parish of Kirkby Malham Dale,
wapentake of Staincliffe,
6 miles E.
from Settle; inhabitants, 262; fairs,
July 1, October 15. Malham is situated
in a deep and verdant dale, which is ter-
minated to the north by an immense crag
of limestone rock, 286 feet high, stretch-
inglike an amphitheatre across the val-
ley, in the form of a segment of a circle;
this is called Malham Cove, not Cave, as
it is sometimes erroneously pronounced.
A little above the rock, on the wild
moor, is a tarn or small lake, about
a mile in diameter, and abounding with
excellent trout and perch ; its water is
supposed to find a vent by a subter-
raneous passage, from which it re-
appears in the shape of a small torrent
at the bottom of the cove, where it
forms the head of the river Aire. In
great floods this channel is not sufficient
to discharge the accumulated waters,
and they then flow over the ridge of the
crag, and form an immense cataract,
superior in height even to the falls of
Niagara. This magnificent spectacle
is seldom beheld in the summer months.
A mile east from the cove, is Gordale
Scar, a fissure in the same continued
mass of limestone rock, and which ap-
pears to have been cleft asunder by
some violent convulsion of nature ;
through the tremendous chasm, a con-
siderable stream forms some striking'
waterfalls. What is remarkable, these
cataracts have not existed more than a
c^ptury, as the torrent first forced a


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