Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 194

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194    MOUNTAINS, El VERS, LAKES, &c.,

ties, and enters the Wachita a little above Archi-

Fourche Dumas, Mo. and As. This stream
rises in Ripley co., Mo., flows
S., and enters the
Big Black in Randolph co., Mi.

Fourth Lake, Dane co., Wn. Situated near the
centre of the county, forming the N. boundary
of the city of Madison.

Fox Creek, N. Y., rises in Albany co., flows W.,
and enters Schoharie Creek in Schoharie co.

Fox Creek, Smyth co., Va. A head branch of
the S. fork of Holston River.

Fox Islands, Me. See Vinalhaven.

Fox Island, Jefferson co., N. Y., lies in the E.
part of Lake Ontario, and is attached to the town
of Lyme.

Fox Lake, Dodge co., Wn. Situated in the
N. W. part of the county, at the head of Ahmie

Fox River, Is., rises in Wn., passes through a
number of small lakes near the boundary of the
state, and enters the Illinois, of which it is a prin-
cipal branch, at Ottawa.

Fox River, Wn., is composed of two main
streams coming from the S. and from the N., and
forming a connection a few miles W. of Winne-
bago Lake. The southern stream of these two,
known as Fox River proper, is composed of two
branches, which take their rise in the level table
land lying E. of the Wisconsin River, and unite
at Fort Winnebago, leaving a portage of only
about two miles from the navigable channel of
the Wisconsin. The general course of the river
from this point is N. E. It passes through, or
rather itself dilates into, several small lakes in
the upper part of its course, after which it more
distinctly preserves its character as a river for
about 60 miles, to its junction with its great
northern confluent, as before mentioned. This
confluent, formerly known as Wolf River, but
now as Fox River, northern branch, has its
sources a hundred miles or more to the N., among
those of the rivers flowing into Lake Superior,
and into the N. W. side of Green Bay. After
the confluence of these two great branches, the
Fox River takes a S. E. direction, and falls into
the W. side of Lake Winnebago. It emerges
again at the N. W. angle of this lake, and pursues
a N. E. course for about 45 miles to the head of
Green Bay. The Fox River is navigable, through
Fox River proper, and the lakes into which it
spreads itself out, for a distance of 200 miles,
and forms, with Green Bay, or is destined to form,
an important link of the navigable route from
Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River, through
the River Wisconsin.

Fox River, Io. and Mo. This stream rises in
the E. part of Appanoose co., Io., flows S. E. into
Mo., and empties into the Mississippi River a little
below the Des Moines.

Fox Springs, Ky., which consist of white sul-
phur and chalybeate, are situated 10 miles E. from
Flemingsburg, between two mountains. It is a
pleasant resort, the surrounding country abound-
ing in game.

French Creek, N. Y., rises in the town of Sher-
man, Chatauque co., flows 100 miles in a S. di-
rection, and enters the Alleghany River in the
state of Pa. It is boatable more than 50 miles.
It was on this creek that the French built one of
their forts designed to keep up a communication
between Lake Erie and the Ohio at Pittsburg,
and thence its name.

French Broad River, a head branch of the Ten-
nessee, rises on the N. side of Blue Ridge, Bun-
combe co., N. C., and entering Tennessee through
a gap in the mountains, unites with Holston Riv-
5 miles above Knoxville. It is navigable to
Dandridge for boats of
15 tons. The Nolachucky
River on the N., and Great and Little Pigeon
Rivers on the S., are its principal branches.

French's Hill, Peru, Ms. Height 2237 feet.

French River rises in Leicester, Ms., flows
through Auburn, Oxford, and Dudley; it then
enters Ct., and unites with the Quinebaug at
Thompson. Some French Protestants settled on
this river in

Frenchman's Bay, Hancock co., Me. This im-
portant bay extends from the Atlantic about
miles inland, and contains many fine harbors and
beautiful islands. It is bounded W. by Baker's
Island, one of the Cranberry group, and on the,
E. by a peninsula in the town of Goldsborough.
The width of this bay, from Baker's Island to
Goldsborough point, is 10 miles. It is surround-
ed by the towns of Eden, Trenton, Hancock,
Franklin, Sullivan, and Goldsborough, and re-
ceives many valuable streams. It is one of the
best retreats in a storm on the American coast,
being easy of access, and never obstructed by ice.

Freshwater Island, S. C., lies in the Atlantic, in
Ion. 79° 15' W., lat. 33° 5' N.

Friend's Lake lies in Chester, Warren co., N. Y.

Frog Bayou, As., falls into the Arkansas River
in Crawford co.

Fulton Chain of Lakes, N. Y. This chain of
eight small lakes lies in Herkimer and Hamilton
counties ; they are connected by navigable outlets,
forming the head branches of Moose, a tributary
of Black River.

Fundy, Bay of. This bay washes a part of the
E. shore of Me., and is an important channel of
commerce between the U. S. and the British prov-
inces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. This
large and important bay sets up N. E. round Cape
Sable, the most southern point of Nova Scotia, in
N. lat.
43° 24', W. Ion. 65° 39', and crosses to the
shore of Me. a little W. of Frenchman's Bay.
From the mouth of Frenchman's Bay to Cape
Sable is about
150 miles; from Eastport to St.
John's, N. B., is
60 miles; from St.John's to An-
napolis, in a bay of that name, on the Nova Sco-
tia side, is
40 miles ; from thence to Halifax, by
land, is
80 miles. From Eastport direct to An-
napolis, across the bay, is about
70 miles. The
Bay of Fundy is divided near its head by Cape
Chignecto. The N. W. part is called Chignecto
Bay; the S. E. part the Basin of Mines. From
Eastport to Cumberland, at the head of Chignecto
Bay, is about
170 miles; to Windsor, at the head
of the Basin of Mines, is about
150. From
Windsor to Halifax is
45 miles. The commerce
on this bay with our friends and neighbors, the
English, is very considerable. While they re-
ceive bread stuffs and other productions of our
soil, we are indebted to them for vast quantities
of grindstones and gypsum. The gypsum is
principally from the Basin of Mines: it lies em-
bedded in elevated masses along the shores of the
bay; it is easily quarried and taken on board of
vessels by the sides of the cliffs. The grindstones
from Cumberland, or Chignecto bay, are every
where celebrated. The source is inexhaustible,
and the manufacture immense. The tides in the
Bay of Fundy are supposed to rise to a greater
height than in any other part of the world.

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