Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 195

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Their elevation increases as you ascend the bay.
At Eastport they rise 25 feet; at
St. John's, 30;
at Cape Split, 55; at Windsor, 60; and at Cum-
berland, at the head of Chignecto Bay, they rise
to the enormous height of 71 feet. These tides
announce themselves, some time before their ap-
proach, by a sound resembling that of a rushing
wind in a forest; they dash against the shore
with a reddish hue, the color of the clay bottom
over which they pass, with frightful violence, at
first to the height of from 8 to 10 feet, overwhelm-
ing all within their reach. There are but few
islands within this bay. Grand Menan, and a
cluster of small islands round it, off West Quoddy
Head, and Campo Hello, near Eastport, are the
principal. They belong to the British. The ra-
pidity of the tides within this bay, the fogs which
frequently prevail, and the absence of good har-
bors above St. John's, render the navigation
difficult and often dangerous. The harbor of St.
John's is easy of access, safe, and of sufficient
expanse for a large fleet of any draught of water.

Gale's CreeJc, N. C., falls into the Atlantic in
Ion. 77° 12' W. and lat. 34° 44' N.

Galien River, Berrien co., Mn. A small stream
watering the S. part of the county, and emptying
into Lake Michigan.

Gallatin's River, Mo., is one of the S. W. sources
of the Missouri River. Blowing N. it unites with
Madison and Jefferson Rivers to form the Mis-

Gallivan's Bay, Monroe co., Ea. The Gulf of
Mexico stretches inland at this place, and receives
the waters of Long Creek.

Gallop Island, Jefferson co., N. Y., lies in the E.
part of Lake Ontario, and is attached to the town
of Henderson.

Galveston Bar, Ts. The passage leading into
Galveston Bay, between Galveston Island and
Point Bolivar.

Galveston Island, Ts. Situated in the Gulf of
Mexico, S. W. from Galveston Bay.

Garden Island, Mn., lies in the N. part of Lake
N. N. E. from Great Beaver Island.

Garden Island Bay lies E. from East Bay, be-
tween the S. E. and S. passes of the Mississippi.

Gardiner's Bay, N. Y., is a somewhat circular
expanse of water, 8 miles in diameter, lying be-
tween Gardiner's Island and the E. extremity of
Long Island.

Gardiner's Island, N. Y., is distant 3 or 4 miles
from the E. end of Long Island. It is 4 miles
long and 2 miles wide, forming the E. boundary
of Gardiner's Bay. The island was settled in
1639 by Lyon Gardiner, a Scotchman, formerly a
lieutenant in the British army. His descendants
still occupy the island, which is under a high
state of cultivation ; it also sustains an extensive
dairy and large flocks of fine sheep. Gardiner's
Point is a long neck of land extending N.

Garoga Creek, N. Y., rises in Bleecker, Eulton
co., flows
S., and falls into Mohawk River at the
village of Palatine, Montgomery co.

Garoga Lake, N. Y., lies in the town of Bleecker,
Eulton co., and is surrounded by picturesque
hills, thickly wooded with large forest-trees. It is
3 miles long and half a mile wide, abounding in
salmon and brook trout.

Gasconade River, Mo., rises in Pulaski co., and
after a course of
140 miles, enters the S. side of
the Missouri, 100 miles from its mouth, in Gas-
conade co. It affords extensive water power.

Gasparilla Island, Hillsboro' co., Fa. This is
a small island lying at the mouth of Charlotte

Gasparilla Sound, Ea. It extends 6 miles on
W. coast of Fa., from Clini Inlet to Char-
lotte Bay, and is about 2 miles wide. Clini Inlet
has 4 feet of water, and Gasparilla Inlet 6 feet on
the bar.

Gauley River, Va., rises on the W. side of the
Alleghany Mts., in Pocahontas co., and enters the
Great Kanawha River on the N. side, just above
the great falls.

Gauthier Creek, Chippewa co., Wn. A small
branch of the Chippewa, which it enters near the
mouth of Yellow River.

Gayared River, Clayton co., Mn., enters the
Mississippi a little above the Wisconsin.

Gayashk Lake, Ma. A large sheet of water
lying near the mouth of Crow Wing River, with
which it is connected on the S. by an outlet.

Geducy's Channel. See N. Y. Lower Bay.

Geese Islands, N. H., lying in the Connecticut
River, are five in number, and belong to the town
of Haverhill. The largest contains about 49
acres, and the others contain, in all, about 15

Geneganslette Creek, Chenango co., N. Y., rises
in the town of Pharsalia, and enters Chenango
River near the village of Greene. This stream
affords many good mill sites, and abounds with
fine trout.

Genesee Falls, N. Y. See Genesee River.

Genesee Port, N. Y. See Charlotte.

Genesee River, N. Y., takes its rise in the
western part of the state of Pennsylvania, and
running at first N. W., enters the state of
New York near the S. E. corner of Alleghany
co. After pursuing this course diagonally nearly
across the county, it bends to the N. W., and con-
tinues in this direction, through Livingston and
Monroe counties, to Lake Ontario. There are
falls in this river, near its mouth, at Car-
thage, of 75 feet; at Rochester, 7 miles from its
mouth, of 268 feet in all; and in the town of
Nunda, at the northern border of Alleghany co..
two falls of 60 and of 90 feet. By the falls and
rapids at Rochester, a vast water power is created
on which are many extensive flouring mills
and other hydraulic works, not surpassed by any
in the world. The river is navigable for vessels
and steamboats from the lake to Carthage, about
2 miles N. of Rochester, to which point there is a
railroad from the city. S. of Rochester, steam-
boats of light burden run to Avon, about 20
miles, and the river is navigable for boats to the
head of the rapids, a distance of 53 miles. Some
of the best land in all the state is found in the
valley of this river, in an alluvial tract of about
40 miles in breadth.

Genet Lake, N. Y., one of the Eckford chain of
lakes, lies W. of Mount Emmons, in Hamilton co.,
and is surrounded by wild and romantic scenery.
It contains several beautiful little islands.

George, Fort, N. Y. See Caldwell.

George, Lake, or Lake Horicon, N. Y., a beautiful
body of water, lying principally in Washington
and Warren counties, about 36 miles long, from
N. to S., and from 2 to 3 miles wide. It dis-
charges its waters S., through an outlet about 3
miles long, into Lake Champlain. This outlet has
a descent of about 160 feet. The lake is elevated
243 feet above tide water in the Hudson. It is
surrounded by hills, rising sometimes to moun-

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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