Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 183

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land and Macomb counties, and falls into Lake
St. Clair.

Cloquet River, Ma. This river is supplied Ly a
series of small lakes, and flows S. W. into St.
Louis River.

Closter Mountains, or Palisade Range, com-
mences in N. J., enters N. Y, in Rockland co.,
near the margin of the Hudson, and extends N.
to Verdrietje's Hook, in Clarkstown. The ridge
known as Nyack Hills affords excellent red and
brown sandstone, which is extensively quarried.
The highest peak of this range rises about 1000
feet above the Hudson, and the Palisades are re-
markable for their picturesque appearance, being
in some places almost perpendicular.

Clove Kill rises in Union Vale, Dutchess co.,
N. Y., flows S. W., and enters the Fishkill, of
which it is a head branch, at Beekman.

Clyde River, Vt., rises in Pitkin's and Knowl-
ton's Ponds, in the town of Brighton, flows N. W.
through Charleston, Salem, and Derby, and emp-
ties into Lake Memphremagog. This is a slug-
gish stream, with the exception of a few short
rapids, until it comes within 3 miles of Lake
Memphremagog. It runs through Round Pond,
in Charleston, and through Salem Lake, a fine
sheet of water nearly 2 miles in length and 1 mile
in width, lying in the towns of Salem and Derby.

Clyde River, N. Y., is formed in Wayne co. by
the junction of Elint and Mud Creeks, and enters
Seneca River after an E. course of 20 miles.

Coal River, Va. A fine mill stream rising in
the S. W. part of Fayette co., and flowing N. W.,
partly on the boundary between Kanawha and
Boone counties, into the Great Kanawha River.

Coal Fire Creek, Pickens co., Aa. A small
branch of the Tombigbee River.

Coan River, Northumberland co., Va. A small
stream emptying into Chesapeake Bay.

Cobbessecontee Waters, Me. This pond is a fine
sheet of water, lying W. of HallowelL and con-
nected with smaller ponds, situated in the towns
of Monmouth, Winthrop, Readfield, and Mount
Vernon. The outlet of the pond, a river of the
same name, after passing through another beau-
tiful pond, enters the Kennebec River at Gardiner.
These waters afford charming scenery, great water
power, and abundance of fish.

Cobscook Bay, Me. This large bay, situated W.
of Passamaquoddy Bay, receives as its tributaries
a number of large ponds. See

Cockeco River, N. H. See Dover.

Cod, Cape. See Barnstable County.

Coddeds Hill, Marblehead, Ms.

Codorus Greek, Pa., after a course of 30 miles,
falls into the Susquehanna, near New Holland

Coeymans Creek rises in New Scotland, Albany
co., N. Y., and flows into the Hudson at the town
of Coeymans.

Cohera Rivers, Little and Great, N. C. They
drain the interior of Sampson co., unite in the S.
part, and their waters, flowing S., fall into South
River, in New Hanover co.

Cohoes Falls, N. Y., on the Mohawk River, near
Cohoes village, is an object of great attraction for
visitors from all parts of the Union, during the
summer. Besides a rapid descent above and be-
low, the river has a perpendicular fall of 70 feet
at this place. Its banks present a grand and pic-
turesque appearance, rising to the almost perpen-
dicular height of from 50 to 120 feet for the dis-
tance of half a mile below the falls, where is
erected a substantial bridge across the stream, 800
ft. long, presenting a beautiful view of the cataract

Cohuttah Spring, Murray co., Ga., one of the
most valuable mineral springs in this part of the
country, is situated at the base of Cohuttah Moun-
tain, and on the S. side of a beautiful little stream
which issues from the mountain and enters Con-
nesauga Creek 6 miles below.

Cold Creek, N. Y., a good mill stream, rises in
Centreville, Alleghany co., and flows E. into Gen-
esee River.

Cold River, N. H. See Acworth.

Cold Camp Creek, Benton co., Mo. A branch
of Osage River, which it enters from the N.

Cold Water River, Mi. This river rises in
Marshall co., flows W. through De Soto co. into
Tunica co., where it connects with the Mississippi
by means of an outlet; it then pursues a winding
southerly course until its entrance into the Talla-

Colleberg Mountains, or Hills, N. Y., lie S. of
the “ Highlands," in tbe town of Cortland, West-
chester co.

Collins River, Grundy co. Te. A head branch
of the Caney Fork of Cumberland River.

Colonel's Mountain, Palmer, Ms. Ht. 1172 feet

Colorado Hills, Ts. A range extending along
the Colorado River, N. from the city of Austin.

Colorado River, Ts. The head branches of this
large river rise in the mountains in the W. part
of the state ; it then flows S. E., draining a large
extent of country, and empties into Matagorda

(Columbia River, the great river of Oregon, the
territory west of the Rocky Mts. Its sources are
among the most elevated valleys in those moun-
tain ranges, interlocking with those of the Missou-
ri, the Rio Grande del Norte of the Gulf of Mexico,
the Colorado of the Gulf of California, and the
Buenaventura of the Pacific Ocean. It is composed
of two great constituent branches, the Lewis River
and the Clarke River, which take their names from
their discoverers, Captains Lewis and Clarke, who,
in 1804-5. under the direction of the United States
government, explored the country from the
mouth of the Missouri to the mouth of the Colum-
bia. Clarke River, which is the great tributary
of the Columbia from the north, is likewise con-
stituted by two main branches. The northern
branch takes its rise in about 50° N. lat. and 116°
W. Ion., and pursues a northern route at first, to
near McGillivray's Pass in the Rocky Mountains,
where it receives Canoe River, at an elevation of
3600 feet above the level of the sea. It then
turns S., and receives many tributaries in its
course, among which are the Cootanie, or Flat
Bow, and the Flat Head, or Clarke River proper.
It pursues this general course among high
mountains, often expanding into lakes, until it
reaches Fort Colville, a distance in this direction
of 220 miles, where it is still at an elevation of
2049 feet above the level of the sea. Passing this
point, it tends towards the W.; and after receiv-
ing Spokan River from the E., it pursues a still
more westerly course for 60 miles; when, bend-
ing again to the S., it receives Okanagan River,
which is the outlet of a line of lakes extensively
navigable for canoes. Thence it passes on south-
ward until it reaches Wallawalla, and here, in 45°
N. lat., it forms a junction with Lewis River,
the other great tributary, coming from the S. E.
The entire valley of Clarke River embraces an
area of 75,000 square miles; and the entire com-

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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