Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 279

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gor, which must ever possess superior advantages
as a mart of trade.

jBangor, N. Y., Franklin co. Drained by Little
Salmon River, and some branches of the Salmon.
The surface is level; the soil good. 220 miles
N. N. W. from Albany.

Barbour County, Aa., c. h. at Clayton. In the
S. E. angle separated by the Chattahoochee from
Georgia. , Surface rolling; soil fertile on the
margins of the streams.

Barbour County, Va., c. h. at Philippa. In the
N. W. part. Uneven and rough. Watered by
the E. fork of Monongahela, which flows through
it from S. to N.

Barboursville, Ky., c. h. Knox co. 130 miles
S. E. from Frankfort.

Barcelona, N. Y., Westfield, Chautauque co.
Port of entry, and a place of considerable trade.
Situated on Lake Erie, 51 miles S. W. from Buf-
falo, and 343 W. from Albany.

Bardstown, Kv., c. h. Nelson co. On the E.
side of Beech Fork, a branch of Salt River.,
Cotton and woollen cloths are manufactured here
to some extent, steam power being employed.
St. Joseph's College (Roman Catholic) is lo-
cated here, which has one handsome four-story
building. (See
Colleges.) This is one of the hand-
somest towns of the west, and contains an en-
terprising, intelligent, and remarkably moral
population. 40 miles
S. E. from Louisville, and
50 S. W. from Frankfort.

Baring, Me., Washington co. Bounded N. by
St. Croix River, E. by Calais, and W. by a
large and beautiful pond which empties into the
St. Croix. 209 miles N. E. by E. from Augusta.

Barker, N. Y., Broome co.. Tioughnioga Riv-
er and some of its tributaries water this town.
Its surface is uneven; its soil well adapted to
grazing. 12 miles
S. from Binghampton, and
S. W. from Albany.

Barkhampstead, Ct., Litchfield co. Watered
by branches of Farmington River. The soil is
more particularly adapted to grazing. First
settled 1746. Incorporated 1779. Granite, iron
ore, and limestone are found here. The hilly part
of the town presents some fine scenery.
N. of the centre of the town, is a flourishing
manufacturing village, with great water privileges.

Barnard, Vt., Windsor co. It is watered by
Broad Brook and Locust Creek. In the centre
is the village, and a beautiful pond. The sur-
face is hilly, and the soil well adapted to grazing.
21 miles N. W. from Windsor, and 37 S. from

Bartlesville, O., Warren township. Belmont co.
55 miles N. from Marietta, and 100 E. from Co-

Barnesville, 0., Belmont co. A place of ac-
tive business, where steam is applied for man-
ufacturing purposes. 30 miles S. W. by VY. from
Wheeling, and 101 miles E from Columbus.

Barnet, Vt., Caledonia co. On Connecticut
River, at the Fifteen Mile Falls, and opposite
Lvman, N. II. It has a good soil, and is an ex-
cellent farming town, with slate and iron ore.
It has a great water power on Passumpsic and
Stevens Rivers. On the latter are falls of 100
feet in the distance of ten rods. There are a num-
ber of pleasant and fertile islands in the river,
between this place and Lyman. The head of
boat navigation on Connecticut River is at the
lower village in this town, viz., Mclndoes's Falls.
The principal places of business are at this vil-
lage, at the village at Stevens's mills, and at
Passumpsic village. 11 miles S. from Danville,
and 36 E. from Montpelier. The Passumpsic
Railroad passes through this town, affording rail-
road connection with New York, Boston, &c.

Barnstable County, Ms. c. h. at Barnstable.
This county includes the whole of Cape Cod.
The whole length of the cape is 65 miles, and
the average breadth about 5 miles. Below the
town of Barnstable the county is quite sandy, so
much so that the people are generally dependent
on Boston and other towns for a large proportion
of their meats and breadstuff's. This deficit is
amply compensated by the unrivalled privileges
enjoyed, and well improved by them, in the cod,
mackerel, and other fisheries. This county has
but little wood, but it is well stored with peat,
and an abundance of pure, soft water.

Barnstable, Ms., c. h. Barnstable co. Pleas-
antly located at the head of Cape Cod. Its har-
bor is formed by Sandy Neck, and is good for
vessels of 8 feet draught of water. From this
place packets constantly ply to Boston, and, in
the summer months, steamboats run between this
place, Plymouth, and Boston. There are a
number of pleasant villages in the town. West
Barnstable village is 4 m. from the court house.
Hyannis is 6 S from it, and has become, by an
expensive breakwater, a most important harbor,
perfectly safe from all winds. Oysterville, Cen-
treville, and Cotuit, are on the south side of the
cape, and have good harbors for small vessels.
This town has numerous ponds, a valuable
cranberry meadow, some fine upland, and exten-
sive salt marshes. 65 miles S. E. from Boston.

Barnstead, N. H., Belknap co. Not mountain-
ous, but has large swells of land, good for graz-
ing. Soil easy of cultivation and productive.
20 miles N. E. from Concord.

Barnsville, Ga., Pike co. On the Western Rail-
road. 40 miles from Macon, and 65 W. from

Barnwell District, S. C., c. h. at Barnwell.
S. part, between the South Edisto and Savan-
nah Rivers. It is drained by the Combahee and
Salkahatcliie Rivers, and contains several sul-
phur springs. The Hamburg and Charleston
Railroad crosses the N. part.

Barnwell, S. C., c. h. Barnwell district. On
Turkey Creek, near the great Salkahatchie Riv-
er. 100 miles S. by W. from Columbia.

Barre, Ms., Worcester co. Surface elevated.
Soil good. Drained by several head branches
the Ware River. A busy town, with a variety
of miscellaneous manufactures.
60 miles W. by
S. from Boston.

Barre, N. Y., c. h. Orleans co. On the Erie
Canal. Drained by several small streams. Sur-
face undulating ; soil suitable for the growth of
grass and grain. 257 miles N. of W. from

Barre, Vt., Washington co. One of the best
farming towns in the state. It is well watered
by Stevens and Jail branches of Winooski Riv-
er. Inexhaustible quantities of excellent granite
are found here. 6 miles S. E. from Montpelier.
The Vermont Central Railroad passed through
the town.

Barren County, Ky., c. h. at Glasgow. S. cen-
tral. Watered by Little Barren and the Beaver
branch of Big Barren River, a tributary of
-Green. Surface slightly uneven; soil of medi-
um quality.

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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