Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 604

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Swatara Creek. Surface diversified; soil grav-

Upper Tulpehoeketi, Pa., Berks co. Watered by
Tulpehockcn Creek and its tributaries, Northkill
and Little Northkill Creeks. Surface diversified ;
soil fertile calcareous loam and gravel. The
Union Canal runs along the S. border of this
town. •

Upshur County, Ts., c. h. at Gilme. In the
N. E. angle of the state, between the Upper Sa-
bine and Cypress Bayou.

Upson County, Ga., c. h. at Thomaston. W.
part. Drained by branches of the Flint, which
washes it on the S. W.

Upton, Ms., Worcester co. Previous to its in-
corporation, in 1735, this town was attached to
Mendon, Sutton, Uxbridge, and Hopkinton. The
surface is partly plain land, and partly rough
and hilly, with a strong soil. West River, a
branch of the Blackstone, rises from a pond in
Upton, and furnishes a power for a number of
mills. Near Pratt's Pond and two other beautiful
little lakes is a pleasant village, near the centre
of the town, which lies 13 miles S. E. from
Worcester, and about 7 S. from the Worcester
Railroad at Westboro', from which it is 32 miles
to Boston.

Urbana, N. Y., Steuben co. The S. part of
Crooked Lake and its inlet water this town.
Surface rather hilly; soil clay and loam. 6 miles
N. E. from Bath, and 207 W. from Albany.

Urbana, 0., c. h. Champlain co. 46 miles W.
by N. from Columbus.    .

Urbana, Va., Middlesex co. A village and sea-
port on the S. E. side of Rappahannock River.
12 miles S. W. from Lancaster, and 60 N. by W.
from Williamsburg.

Urbanna, Is., c. h. Champaign Co. On the S.
side of the Salt Fork of Vermilion River. 92
miles E. N. E. from Springfield.

Utica, N. Y. City and seat of justice of Onei-
da co. Situated on the S. bank of the Mohawk
River, on the site of old Fort Schuyler. 93 miles
W. by N. from Albany, and 232 E. from Buffalo.
Population in 1820, 2972 ; in 1830, 8323 ; in 1840,
12,782; in 1850, 17,642. Utica has a pleasant
location, on ground gradually ascending from the
river, and commanding a fine prospect from its
more elevated parts. It is well built, having
many fine stores and large and elegant dwellings.
The streets are laid out with a good degree of
regularity, generally, but not always crossing
each other at right angles. They are neat and
spacious, some of them 100 feet wide, and well
paved. It contains a court house, offices for the
clerks of the Supreme and United States' Courts,
about 20 churches of the various denominations,
an Exchange building, an academy, a museum,
a Protestant and a Roman Catholic Orphan
Asylum, and various other charitable institutions.

The New York State Lunatic Asylum, at Uti-
ca, is situated on somewhat elevated ground,
about a mile W. of the city. It has fine build-
ings, with a farm of
160 acres attached. It
contained about
500 patients in 1850.

The country around Utica is fertile, and the
city is the centre of an active and extensive trade.
Railroads, canals, and turnpikes radiate from it
in all directions. The great Western Railroad,
from Albany and Troy to Buffalo, and the great
Erie Canal between the same points, pass through
Utica. The Chenango Canal also comes in here
from Bingbampton, which is on the Erie Rail-
road, and on the Susquehanna River, 96 miles to
the S.E.

The Erie Canal has been widened, where it
passes through the city, to 70 feet, and made 7
feet deep, and presents a fine appearance from
the substantial and beautiful bridges with which
it is spanned. A culvert has been constructed
in the city from the canal to the river, at an ex-
pense of about $100,000. It is surrounded by
one of the finest and richest agricultural districts
in the union, and is a wealthy and flourishing
place of business.

The first building erected within the limits of
Utica was a mud fort, constructed during the old
French war, and named Fort Schuyler. It occu-
pied the portage, or carrying place between the
Mohawk and Wood Creek, which discharge
through Lake Oneida, into lake Ontario.

In 1798 Utica took its present name, being
incorporated as a village. It was but an in-
considerable village until about the year 1800,
when the location of the Seneca Turnpike,
crossing the Mohawk at this point, operated to
make it an important place of deposit and trade.
In 1817 it was taken from Whitestown, and
received a separate incorporation as a town. It
was incorporated as a city in 1832. It is divided
into 6 wards, and is governed by a mayor and 12

Uxbridge, Ms., Worcester co. This large,
wealthy, and flourishing town was, until 1727,
the W. part of ancient Mendon. Its Indian name
Wacuntug. The central part of the town
has a fair soil; the surrounding hills are moist,
and well adapted to grazing and orchards. There
are in the town a quarry of stone and an iron
mine. Uxbridge enjoys important advantages in
being situated, for nearly its whole length, on the
Blackstone River and Canal, as well as from the
water power of West and Mumford Rivers, which
here join the Blackstone. There are a number
of flourishing manufacturing villages in Uxbridge,
situated in valleys, and surrounded by picturesque
scenery. The principal village is situated at the
north part of the town. The railroad from
Worcester to Providence passes through it. 16
miles S. E. from Worcester, and 40 S. W. from

Vallejo, Ca., Solano co. See Appendix, No 1.

Valley Forge, Pa., Schuylkill, Chester co. At
the entrance of Valley Creek into Schuylkill
River. 20 miles N. W. from Philadelphia, and
81 E. by S. from Harrisburg. The celebrated
winter quarters of the American army in 1777.

Van Buren County, As., c. h. at Clinton.
Bounded N. by Searcy, Izard, and Independence
counties, E. by Independence and White, S. by
Conway, and W. by Pope co. Little Red River
and branches, and some branches of the Arkan-
sas, water this county.

Van Buren County, Io., c. h. at Keosauque.
Bounded N. by Warello and Jefferson counties,
E. by Henry and Lee, S. by Missouri, and W.
by Davis co. Drained by Des Moines River
and branches. Iron, copper, tin ore, and marble
are found in this county. The soil is fertile.

Van Buren, Me., Aroostook co. A new town.

Van Buren County, Mn., c. h. at Pawpaw
Bounded N. by Allegan co., E. by Kalamazoo, S.
by Cass, and W. by Berrien co. and Lake Mich-
igan. Drained by Pawpaw River and its trib-
utaries, the S. branch of Black River, Dowage-
ake and Brush Creeks, all which afford good

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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